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Cloud computing: how will it affect my everday work life?

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A presentation prepared for the 2012 Southern African Online Information Meeting, entitled "Innovation in an Age of Limits". …

A presentation prepared for the 2012 Southern African Online Information Meeting, entitled "Innovation in an Age of Limits".

In this presentation, I explain how cloud computing has affected my everyday life. I also provide definitions of cloud computing, compare it to the industrial revolution, and highlight some dangers associated with this computing paradigm.

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  • 1. How will cloud computing affect my everyday life?Kosie EloffDepartment of Information ScienceUniversity of Pretoria http://siliconangle.com/files/2011/09/cloud-computing-3.jpg
  • 2. http://www.toshiba-memory.com/img/USB_Flash_Ginga_8GB_large.jpg
  • 3. Sharing & BackupStorage & Transport http://www.toshiba-memory.com/img/USB_Flash_Ginga_8GB_large.jpg
  • 4. I don’t use mine (Much)
  • 5. My flash disk “in the cloud”.
  • 6. Same folder… at home at work
  • 7. Dropbox folder on PC / laptop
  • 8. Dropbox folder on iPad
  • 9. Viewed through a browser
  • 10. Cloud-basedfile management
  • 11. Before definitions…
  • 12. Cyberspace The net The webInformation highway Global village
  • 13. “Internet computing” http://crenk.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/cloudstration.jpg
  • 14. Cloud computing“… lets you use files and applications over the Internet.”
  • 15. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-xn8TNhfUE-A/TVRXXHy5CfI/AAAAAAAAAAo/6vrO03Im3S4/s1600
  • 16. http://nerdnirvana.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/10274_full.jpg
  • 17. Pixlr.comBrowser-based image editor Also mobile application
  • 18. Cloud computing“A shift in the geography of computation”
  • 19. Microsoft grew during PC revolution (1980s) http://www.sikayethaber.com/fotograf/600/0/164.jpg?logo=Evet
  • 20. Install… Maintain… Upgrade… Support…http://www.fahad.com/pics/windows_vista_new_packaging.jpg
  • 21. Google is now doing thesame, but on the internet cloud http://www.electronet.se/dynamic/Google_Apps.jpg
  • 22. Google’s operating system (in the cloud)
  • 23. Google Docs
  • 24. Google Docs Sharing
  • 25. Google’s operating system (in the cloud)
  • 26. Google+
  • 27. Integration with search
  • 28. Google is slowlyintegrating all these services and more…… using the internet as a platform.
  • 29. Simon Wardley“Cloud computing is a transition, not a thing.” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=okqLxzWS5R4
  • 30. http://aboutfacts.net/Else/E313/GNU/WattSteamEngine.png …is a transition, not a thing.
  • 31. A consequence ofmultiple factors (Wardley)http://www.intel.com/content/dam/intel/dm/image/homepage_images/cloud_img_1400x864.jpg
  • 32. Concept Suitability Technology Attitude 1. The concept of cloud computing
  • 33. John McCarthy (1960)“…a future in which computing power and even specific applications could be sold through the utility business model (like water or electricity).”
  • 34. Concept Suitability Technology Attitude 2. Are IT activities suitable for this transformation?
  • 35. From novel, rare and poorly understood… http://www.lef.csc.com/uploads/images/cloud-paper-image-004-large.png
  • 36. To commonplace, more well-defined
  • 37. As soon as one company gains some sort oftechnological advantage… … then all its competitors will follow suit.
  • 38. Concept Suitability Technology Attitude 3. Do we have the technology?
  • 39. Time-sharing (1960s) http://www.viceland.com/viceblog/45840667094.jpg
  • 40. Personal computing (1980s) http://www.extremetech.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/ibm-pc.jpg
  • 41. Personal computing (1980s)Total control (PC) comes at a price:1) Install / configure / update / maintain operating software2) Same with hardwareAlso… how to share information,now?
  • 42. Client-server model (1980s)
  • 43. Cloud computing Why not outsource computing* to the internet?*Applications & infrastructure http://refundlogistics.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/RefundLogisiticsCloudTechnolog
  • 44. Concept Suitability Technology Attitude 4. Are people willing to use cloud computing?
  • 45. “All organisationsneed to continuously evolve and adapt.” http://51hot.net/article/UploadPic/2011-4/201141464633494.jpg
  • 46. Applications delivered as services over the internetHardware/software in data centers that provide these services http://www.maclife.com/files/u53/clouds.jpg
  • 47. One last exampleBefore I get to the bad stuff.
  • 48. Ebooks In the cloudp://www.natcom.org/uploadedImages/CommunicationCurrents_Articles/Volume_5/Photo%20-0Woman%20with%20letters%20flying%20out%20of%20her%20book.jpg
  • 49. Ebooks in libraries
  • 50. OverdriveManagement of digital content forpublisher, libraries, schools, andretailers.More than 500,000 digital titlesfrom more than 1,000 publishers inMarch 2011. http://minnesota.publicradio.org/display/web/2012/01/25/3m-ebook-cloud-library/
  • 51. Ebooks in libraries
  • 52. 3MEbook collections will grow andlibraries will need help managingthem.A very large opportunity as librariesshift their spend from physicalmaterial to digital materialBy about 2015, a third of all bookssold will be digital in the UnitedStates. http://minnesota.publicradio.org/display/web/2012/01/25/3m-ebook-cloud-library/
  • 53. Cloud computing (Library-centric) “The broad concept of usingthe internet to allow peopleaccess to technology-enabled library services”
  • 54. Sounds good? Well…
  • 55. If computing is moving to the internet… ... and we know the internet can be a scary place...
  • 56. Risks of CChttp://1.bp.blogspot.com/-LzKhJgIscGU/TZW1IuRbKII/AAAAAAAAAj4/AMJgyr1vNcE/s1600/cloudcomputing.jpg
  • 57. 1. Privacy
  • 58. Questions about control and ownershipCan you take your data with you?Could you lose access?Can you remove data?How does the host monitor yourdata? http://cacm.acm.org/magazines/2008/7/5368-cloud-computing/fulltext
  • 59. 2. Security
  • 60. For both provider and customerSecure infrastructureClient data and applicationsprotectedLiabilityIntellectual propertyEnd-of-service http://cacm.acm.org/magazines/2008/7/5368-cloud-computing/fulltext
  • 61. 3. Reliability
  • 62. Internet connectivityhttp://www.mockingweb.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Internet-cable-map.jpg
  • 63. Network downtimehttp://blog.lrswebsolutions.com/lrswebso/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/IMG_8702.jpg
  • 64. To summarise…http://blog.datacentermapping.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/clouds-general.jpg
  • 65. Cloud computing… when computing itself movesonline.… when computing becomes a utility.
  • 66. Not a thing, rather a transition http://www.earthtimes.org/newsimage/greenpeace-calls-cloud-dirty_244.jp
  • 67. Factors driving this transition Concept Suitability Technology Attitudehttp://kambing.ui.ac.id/onnopurbo/library/library-ref-eng/ref-eng-3/network/server_cloud.pdf
  • 68. Libraries will increasingly use the internet to provide services http://iradio.oum.edu.my/webpages/wallpaper/1600-Digital%20Library.jpg
  • 69. Issues related to cloud computingSecurityPrivacyReliability
  • 70. http://bit.ly/keloffhttp://www.internetsoftwareshop.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/dreamstime_l_18271102.jpg
  • 71. ReferencesWarren, C. (2012). What MegauploadTeaches Us About the Cloud, SOPA andBackups. Mashable.Moylan, Martin. (2012). Libraries turnto cloud for e-book lending. MPRNews.
  • 72. ReferencesLynn, Samara. (2010). 13 Terrific CloudServices for Small Business. PCMagazine.Chappel, David. (2008). A shortintroduction to cloud platforms.DavidChappel & Associates.
  • 73. ReferencesWikipedia contributors. (2012).Introduction to cloud computing.Date of last revision: 5 June 2012.Hayes, Bryan. (2008). CloudComputing. Communications of theACM.
  • 74. ReferencesGeelan, Jeremy. (2009). Twenty-OneExperts Define Cloud Computing.Cloud Computing Journal.Knorr, Eric., Gruman, Galen. (2011)What cloud computing really means.Infoworld.
  • 75. ReferencesArmbrust et al. (2010). What cloudcomputing really means.Communications of the ACM.Wardley, Simon. Cloud computing:why IT matters. (2009). OSCON 2009.

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