Quan ho Bac Ninh
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Quan ho Bac Ninh

on

  • 2,536 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,536
Views on SlideShare
2,536
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
2
Downloads
21
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • 1.Hừ la, 2.Tôi rằng, 3.Bạn lan, 4.Tình tang, 5.Ô tình, 6.Gạo ngang, 7.Gạo dọc, 8.Cái hừng, 9.Cơm vàng, 10.Chiền chiện, 11.Thơ đúm, 12.Đàn đúm, 13.Phong thư, 14.Cầm bằng, 15.Tình rằng, 16.Đi cấy, 17.Ngâm thơ, 18.Năm canh, 19.Phú dọc, 20.Mười cung, 21.Năm cung, 22.Giọng Huế, 23.Ta lý, 24.Hãm, 25.Quỳnh, 26.Đào nương, 27.Ru hời, 28.Giọng lý, 29.Sênh tiền, 30.Buôn bông, 31.Con mắm, 32.Bẻ quạt, 33.Ông giăng, 34.Liện trang, 35.Ca răng, 36.Lá.
  • Hátvui: "hátvuiđôicâuđểvuixuân, vuihội, vuibàu, vuibạn" "mởrộngđườngđilốilại, họcđòiđôilối, đôicâu".Hátlễthờ: chúcdânngười an, vậtthịnh, phúc, lộc, thọ, khangninh
  • It's impossible to capture Asia's diversity, but we try. Our annual guide to the region's best experiences for mind, body and soul represents a mere fraction of what makes Asia special — and every year, our correspondents realize just how much remains untold. That's how it should be. One of the best things about Asia is that we'll never get the better of it

Quan ho Bac Ninh Quan ho Bac Ninh Presentation Transcript

  • HERITAGE TOURISM
    MrsKhong Yen Giang Tut 2 TR 08 Hanu T Ta Thi Ha 006090016 Nguyen Thi Hong Van 0806090057 Trinh Thi Doan 0806090012
  • Quan ho BacNinh-simply charming
    Introduction
    Insight into Quan ho
    Significant Values
    Things you may not know about Quan ho
    Status and Development Recommendation
  • Quan ho-Introduction
    Unknown about time of the birth of the Folk music , it developed at peak in the middle of XVIII century.
    Owner of BacNinh Folk songs : the Vietnamese (Kinh) residing in the provinces of BacNinh and BacGiang now, living by growing rice and crafts making.
    Folk music lies along two sides of Cau river, 30km far from Ha Noi to the North.
    Geographical scope : to early XX century, BacNinh Folk music practices in 49 ancient Folk music villages, (44 villages of BacNinh, 05 villages in BacGiang).
  • Quan ho-Introduction
    Attach to the custom of “kết chạ”, “kết bọn quan họ”, “ngủ bọn”.
    Exist along with the village festivals, like Lim festival on lunar 13th January .
    Quan ho gastronomy: - 2 types of betel quid: phoenix wings betel
    quid & cinnamon wings betel quid.
    - Rice content with the woven trays platters
    Pretty words, nice meanings, popular but subtle, sensitive language & rich in image & emotion; rich & lyrical tone; smooth & unique singing technique; elegant style - all make the beauty and attractiveness of BacNinh Folk songs.
  • Insight into Quan ho-Terminology
    • The old Quan ho: no music included, singers only, strictly follow discipline about manners ( choiQuan ho)
    • The new Quan ho: music included, singers and audience, not very strict discipline (hat Quan ho)
    • Lien anh, Lien chi : Quan ho performers.
    • Bon Quan ho: Group of 5-6 Quan ho performers naming anh(chi) Ca, anh (chi) Hai….
    • Le loi: ways to sing Quan ho songs
    • Giong: different melodies used in Le loi : Le loi, Vat, Gia ban
    • Canh hat: the period of time that Quan ho performers sing Quan ho songs
    • Ren, vang, nen, nay : standards of a good singer when he(she)performs a Quan ho song.
    • Voi-high, sin-low
  • Insight into Quan ho-Manners
    • Hat canh
    • Happening in spring or fall
    • Lasting from 7-8 pm until 2-3 am of the next day ( 2-3 days)
  • Insight into Quan ho-Manners
    • Hat canh
    • Consisting 3 periods:
    First: Le loi (Co): slow, ren, nay, consisting additional words: tinh tang, oi a, ay a ay a la a…
    • After processing rituals between Quan ho hosts and Quan ho guests, performers use Le Loi to perform with each other ( 5-10 songs)
    • 36 songs: Hu La, La Rang, Tinh Tang, Ru Hoi, NgamTho….
    • La Rang: important role in Le Loi, control standards of songs and compatibility between guests and hosts
    • Video clip
  • Insight into Quan ho-Manners
    • Hat canh
    Second- Vat: main part, focal point of art standards, high compatibility between poem and music ( Quan ho cangvekhuyacang bong, cang tram, cang man nongtinhnghia)
    • Various songs: Ngoitua man thuyen, Xe chi luonkim, Hoathombuomluon, Basauthuchim
    Third-Gia ban: 12-1 am, including meals, traucau, starting by guests when they want to come back home, hosts will keep guest back by moving melodies: Re phuongchia loan, Nguoi o dung ve, Nguoivebo ban saodanh….
  • Insight into Quan ho-Manners
    • Hat doi dap: festivals, meeting friends
    • Doigiong: Compatible music and melody
    • Doiloi: Compatible poem and melody
    • Hat hoi
    • For fun : happening in spring and fall with the aim to welcome the seasons, festivals and making and learning from friends
    • For competing: In the village, necessary for a reprentativeQuan ho group to hold the award (fluent in traditional songs, being able to compose songs, professional in music and poem)
    • Hat le tho: happening in the communal house of the village before the competition in order to wish the community a prosperous year.
  • Insight into Quan ho-Manners
    • Hat caudao (caumua): happening in dry season, performed by women(who have kept themselves strictly austere) in 2 days 3 nights ( praying for rain) –La Rang
    • Hat giaihan :praying for luck, both lien anh, lien chi, using La Rang
    • Hat mung: celebrating good news: passing an exam, building new house, giving birth a child…
    • Hat ket cha: between brotherhood and sisterhood
  • Insight into Quan ho-performing costume
  • Insight into Quan ho-performing costume
    • Lien anh’s costume:
    • 2layers: white under vests and Black
    aodai
    • aodai: lotus leaf embroidered, straight
    collar, big edge, large fringe, over-the-knee
    long.
    • Quandai: white, silk or satin made, small
    belt included
    • Khan nhieu(khan xep), wooden shoes,
    Black umbrella
  • Insight into Quan ho-performing costume
    • Lien chi’s costume:
    • Ao mo ba mo bay: 3 or 7 aodai
    inserted
    • Yem (lotus pink), under vest (white)
    aodai( 5 parts-brown)
    • Small belt, soi dress, lua dress
    • Dep cong: buffalo-skin made
    • Mo qua scaft and non ba tam
  • Insight into Quan ho-Communication style
    • Quan ho people: Being courteous from costume, gesture, language, eating style to betel and glass of water.
    Welcoming Quan ho guests
    • 2 people bringing betel-tray to friend’s house
    “Năm, nămmới, tháng, thángxuân, trướclàthămthày, thămmẹ
    chúcthày, chúcmẹsốnglâu, giàubền, saulàthămanhHai, anh
    Ba, anhTư, anhNăm, đương (đông). Quanhọliềnanh, chúc
    đươngQuanhọliềnanhnămmớithêmtài, thêmlộc, saunữalà
    ngỏlờixinphépthàymẹ, mờianhHai, anhBa, anhTư.... Đương
    Quanhọliềnanh, đếnngày X tháng Y, đếnvuihộicùnglàngem,
    cùngchúngem ca vuimộtcanhchovuidân, vuihội, chochịemchúng
    emhọcđòiđốilối, đôicâu..”
  • Insight into Quan ho-Communication style
    • Guests accept the invitation, treat friends with nice meals
    • Appointment day: hosts express absolute hospitality with preferred treatment(quality water and betel) , guests enter the house after washing faces.
  • Insight into Quan ho-Communication style
    Gesture and language of Quan ho people
    “ Ngườiquanhọnóinhưcóvăncósách”
    • Poetic language, featuring folk-song, proverb and Kieu story..
    Eg: "Bây giờ gặp mặt nhau đây mà cứ ngỡ như là chuyện chiêm bao...”
    Bây giờ gặp mặt đôi ta Biết đâu rồi nữa chẳng là chiêm bao
    "Thưa anh Hai, anh Ba... thật là thơm cây, thơm rễ, người giồng (trồng) cũng thơm, đấy ạ!".
    Người như hoa quế thơm lừng Thơm cây, thơm rễ, người giồng (Trồng) cũng thơm.
  • Quan ho-humanity’s cultural heritage
    • 30/9/2009, recognized as intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO
    • Scope of accreditation includes 49 villages in BacNinh and BacGiang provinces: Bái Uyên, Duệ Đông, Hạ Giang, Hoài Thị, Hoài trung,Lũng Giang, Lũng Sơn, Ngang Nội, Vân Khám; Tam Sơn, Tiêu Đông Mai, Đông Yên ; Bồ Sơn, Châm Khê, Cổ Mễ, Dương Ô, Đẩu Hàn, Điều Thôn, Đông Xá, Đỗ Xá, Hòa Đình, Hữu Chấp, Khà Lễ, Khúc Toại, Ném Đoài, Ném Sơn, Ném Tiền, Niềm Xá, Phúc Sơn, Thanh Sơn, Thị Chung, Thị Cầu, Thọ Ninh, Thượng Đồng, Trà Xuyên, Vệ An,Viêm Xá, Xuân Ái, Xuân Đồng, Xuân Ô, Xuân Viên, Y Na, Yên Mẫn ,Giá Sơn, Hữu Nghi, Nội Ninh, Mai Vũ, Sen Hồ ….
  • Quan ho-Cultural Values
    • Appreciate cultural values, particularly on social customs, performing arts, technical theater, cultural manners, language and dress
    • Enhance the position and role of heritage to society and enrich the picture of cultural diversity of Vietnam & humanity
    • Restore some traditional festivals which contains unique cultural identity ,cultural activities ,rituals such as Lim festival, Diem village festival
  • Quan ho-Cultural value
    • There are 213 different
    voices with more than
    400 songs
    • Expressing cultural and spiritual
    life
    • Lying in the cultural, social
    activities of BacNinh
    BacGiang provinces and
    transmitted from generation
    to generation and
    become the identity of local people
  • Quan ho- Tourism Value
    • Attract domestic and foreign tourists travelling for listening folk songs
    • In 2010, BacNinh province reached 125 billion on revenue from tourism, welcomed nearly 200,000 tourists ,the annual growth rate of 17-20%
    • In 2015 ,expected tourism revenue :250 billion, welcomed 400,000 visitors / year
    (http://www.phapluatvn.vn/giai-tri/201109/Quan-ho-ket-hon-voi-du-lich-2057864/)
    • 49 villages are developed into tourist attractions combined with tours visiting historical sites
    • More investment on infrastructure (road, sanitation system) ,accommodation (3-4star hotels)
  • Things you may not know about Quan Ho
    • Quan ho originated from Ly dynasty, evolved from hat dum
    • Most of Quan ho songs are about love feelings: hope, missing, jealousy…(not involve love-lorn feeling)
    • There’s no Quan ho songs featuring farm work
    • There’s no anh(chi) Bay, Tam in bon Quan ho ( anh-chi Hai be, anh-chi Ba be…)
    • Bon Quan ho: when swearing brotherhood will be banned from getting married with each other
  • Things you may not know about Quan Ho
    • The most devoted researchers about Quan ho culture are ToanAnh, Bui TrongHien
    • The most interested-in-Quan ho musician is DucMieng (165 songs)
    • The most famous Quan ho singers are ThuyHuong-ThuyCai
    • The actual name of Nguoi o dung ve is Chuongvanggaccua Tam Quan
  • Things you may not know about Quan Ho
    • In 2010, Quan ho was recognized as ‘best for soul’ by Time magazine
    (http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/0,28757,8463,00.html)
    • Listening to Quan ho via telephone ,just a phone call to artists, you’ll hear them sing
    • Contact details: Dang Xa village club (84-1683-520-628). HoaDinh village club (84-95-372-3234). Dao Xa village club (84-97-633-5601)
  • Quan ho-Status
    • Since 1945: loss of artists who sing in traditional style, of singing contest for prizes -> waste the talent of song extemperation.
    • Talented artists are older, weaker & increasingly misleading
    • Classes for Bac Ninh Folksong are held for short time with cursory program, limited financial investment -> modest & relative results. Learners just know several songs but lack time to absorb their profound cultural elements comprehensively.
  • Quan ho-Status
    • Trend of simplifying the lively & diverse gestures of standard folksongs, custom of “chơi quan họ”, of technique of singing folksong.
    • Folk Music tints with trade, karaoke folksong, “tilt hat for money” folksong.
    • Inappropriate space for intangible heritage at festivals: sourvenir shops, food stores crowded along the highway to Lim hill; too many beggars eveywhere; full of dirty waste along the main entrance.
    • As the stage, professionalization and commercialization of BacNinh Folk Music is not synonymous with preservation of traditional arts, it is
    at the brink of loss.
  • Quan ho-Concerns
    Since 1954, local authorities are interested in preserving and promoting the heritage value of BacNinh Folk Music.
    From 1962 to 1966 : held 7 workshops about Folk Music.
    In 1969 : established BacNinh Folk Music Union
    Ha Bac Province set up a cultural center for collection of their research to preserve them.BacNinh province has planned the Lim hills into the center of folk festivals to performing folksong.
  • Quan ho-Concerns
    In 2003 : executed “The pilot project study to build a list of typical folksong artists“
    In 2004 : implemented the conservation projects of ViemXa folksong village.
    In late 2006, organized a scientific seminar "Conservation of BacNinh folksong”.
    More than one hundred years, many works of research and collection of BacNinh folksong have been published.
    In spring yearly, both BacNinh, BacGiang provinces held singing contests to discover new voices
  • Quan ho- Conservation, Development and Recommendation
    Classify, systematize, inventory, complete the documentation and outcome of studies of Bac Ninh Folk music.
    Build a sufficient database of talented artists, exploit and pay a well worthy compensation along with the certificate of acknowledgment of their contribution.
    Implement the adequate care & training for the Folk artists, exploit, study & access the elder talents awarded the “Living human treasures"
    -> Significantly encourage the spirit of emulation, collaboration & dedication of the artists
  • Quan ho- Conservation, Development and Recommendation
    Support community to recover the practices, beliefs and festivals related to the Folk Music, restore the singing contest to take prizes ; establish the content of the Folk teaching programs in BacNinh families in the local communities.
    Establish artist associations of BacNinh Folk music, design the activity programs to teach the younger generation.
  • Quan ho- Conservation, Development and Recommendation
    Open a category of BacNinh Folk music in newspaper, radio station of BacNinh, BacGiang periodically, to promote & introduce the value of the Folk music of BacNinh, Construct website for BacNinh Folk music.
    Raise awareness about the value of heritage through the publication & provision of products with the Folk culture, BacNinh Folk music in all forms: CD, VCD, DVD, books, leaflets,…
    Create every favorable conditions for the public presentation & interaction of Folk songs with other communities in the country and abroad
    Coordinate the tourism operators in explore & promote the value of the heritage in a sustainable way.
  • Quan ho- Conservation, Development and Recommendation
    Research & support community on the self-management, implementation of teaching programs, technical Folk singing restoration in traditional way & finding solutions to adapt Folk to the development of the means of the sound of the contemporary life.
    Organize classes, the curriculum associated with the play of the Folk customs & people’s habits & the traditional Folk,…& adequate funds to support artists and practitioners, invest for gifted students owning the passion & desire to pursue Folk music for long term
  • Quan ho- Conservation, Development and Recommendation
    Add the special subject about Folk songs of BacNinh into the local literary program to teach at the all grades -> nurture the future artists in the art troupes or the core art staff in the local villages.
    Compile documents, organize training courses for more than 600 music teachers, union officials of the participating teams in the form of extra-curricular with 6 sessions / year.
    Offer students the knowledge of Folk costumes, making phoenix - wing betel quid...; Set up Folk music clubs to join in the annual festival "I love folk songs" in the education system .
  • Appreciate your attention!!!