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HERITAGE TOURISM MrsKhong Yen Giang Tut 2 TR 08 Hanu T Ta Thi Ha 006090016 Nguyen Thi Hong Van 0806090057 Trinh Thi Doan 0806090012
Quan ho BacNinh-simply charming Introduction Insight into Quan ho Significant Values Things you may not know about Quan ho Status and Development Recommendation
Quan ho-Introduction Unknown about time of the birth of the Folk music , it developed at peak in the middle of XVIII century. Owner of BacNinh Folk songs : the Vietnamese (Kinh) residing in the provinces of BacNinh and BacGiang now, living by growing rice and crafts making. Folk music lies along two sides of Cau river, 30km far from Ha Noi to the North. Geographical scope : to early XX century, BacNinh Folk music practices in 49 ancient Folk music villages, (44 villages of BacNinh, 05 villages in BacGiang).
Quan ho-Introduction Attach to the custom of “kết chạ”, “kết bọn quan họ”, “ngủ bọn”. Exist along with the village festivals, like Lim festival on lunar 13th January . Quan ho gastronomy: - 2 types of betel quid: phoenix wings betel quid & cinnamon wings betel quid. - Rice content with the woven trays platters Pretty words, nice meanings, popular but subtle, sensitive language & rich in image & emotion; rich & lyrical tone; smooth & unique singing technique; elegant style - all make the beauty and attractiveness of BacNinh Folk songs.
Second- Vat: main part, focal point of art standards, high compatibility between poem and music ( Quan ho cangvekhuyacang bong, cang tram, cang man nongtinhnghia)
Various songs: Ngoitua man thuyen, Xe chi luonkim, Hoathombuomluon, Basauthuchim
Third-Gia ban: 12-1 am, including meals, traucau, starting by guests when they want to come back home, hosts will keep guest back by moving melodies: Re phuongchia loan, Nguoi o dung ve, Nguoivebo ban saodanh….
Guests accept the invitation, treat friends with nice meals
Appointment day: hosts express absolute hospitality with preferred treatment(quality water and betel) , guests enter the house after washing faces.
Insight into Quan ho-Communication style Gesture and language of Quan ho people “ Ngườiquanhọnóinhưcóvăncósách”
Poetic language, featuring folk-song, proverb and Kieu story..
Eg: "Bây giờ gặp mặt nhau đây mà cứ ngỡ như là chuyện chiêm bao...” Bây giờ gặp mặt đôi ta Biết đâu rồi nữa chẳng là chiêm bao "Thưa anh Hai, anh Ba... thật là thơm cây, thơm rễ, người giồng (trồng) cũng thơm, đấy ạ!". Người như hoa quế thơm lừng Thơm cây, thơm rễ, người giồng (Trồng) cũng thơm.
Listening to Quan ho via telephone ,just a phone call to artists, you’ll hear them sing
Contact details: Dang Xa village club (84-1683-520-628). HoaDinh village club (84-95-372-3234). Dao Xa village club (84-97-633-5601)
Since 1945: loss of artists who sing in traditional style, of singing contest for prizes -> waste the talent of song extemperation.
Talented artists are older, weaker & increasingly misleading
Classes for Bac Ninh Folksong are held for short time with cursory program, limited financial investment -> modest & relative results. Learners just know several songs but lack time to absorb their profound cultural elements comprehensively.
Trend of simplifying the lively & diverse gestures of standard folksongs, custom of “chơi quan họ”, of technique of singing folksong.
Folk Music tints with trade, karaoke folksong, “tilt hat for money” folksong.
Inappropriate space for intangible heritage at festivals: sourvenir shops, food stores crowded along the highway to Lim hill; too many beggars eveywhere; full of dirty waste along the main entrance.
As the stage, professionalization and commercialization of BacNinh Folk Music is not synonymous with preservation of traditional arts, it is
Quan ho-Concerns Since 1954, local authorities are interested in preserving and promoting the heritage value of BacNinh Folk Music. From 1962 to 1966 : held 7 workshops about Folk Music. In 1969 : established BacNinh Folk Music Union Ha Bac Province set up a cultural center for collection of their research to preserve them.BacNinh province has planned the Lim hills into the center of folk festivals to performing folksong.
Quan ho-Concerns In 2003 : executed “The pilot project study to build a list of typical folksong artists“ In 2004 : implemented the conservation projects of ViemXa folksong village. In late 2006, organized a scientific seminar "Conservation of BacNinh folksong”. More than one hundred years, many works of research and collection of BacNinh folksong have been published. In spring yearly, both BacNinh, BacGiang provinces held singing contests to discover new voices
Quan ho- Conservation, Development and Recommendation Classify, systematize, inventory, complete the documentation and outcome of studies of Bac Ninh Folk music. Build a sufficient database of talented artists, exploit and pay a well worthy compensation along with the certificate of acknowledgment of their contribution. Implement the adequate care & training for the Folk artists, exploit, study & access the elder talents awarded the “Living human treasures" -> Significantly encourage the spirit of emulation, collaboration & dedication of the artists
Quan ho- Conservation, Development and Recommendation Support community to recover the practices, beliefs and festivals related to the Folk Music, restore the singing contest to take prizes ; establish the content of the Folk teaching programs in BacNinh families in the local communities. Establish artist associations of BacNinh Folk music, design the activity programs to teach the younger generation.
Quan ho- Conservation, Development and Recommendation Open a category of BacNinh Folk music in newspaper, radio station of BacNinh, BacGiang periodically, to promote & introduce the value of the Folk music of BacNinh, Construct website for BacNinh Folk music. Raise awareness about the value of heritage through the publication & provision of products with the Folk culture, BacNinh Folk music in all forms: CD, VCD, DVD, books, leaflets,… Create every favorable conditions for the public presentation & interaction of Folk songs with other communities in the country and abroad Coordinate the tourism operators in explore & promote the value of the heritage in a sustainable way.
Quan ho- Conservation, Development and Recommendation Research & support community on the self-management, implementation of teaching programs, technical Folk singing restoration in traditional way & finding solutions to adapt Folk to the development of the means of the sound of the contemporary life. Organize classes, the curriculum associated with the play of the Folk customs & people’s habits & the traditional Folk,…& adequate funds to support artists and practitioners, invest for gifted students owning the passion & desire to pursue Folk music for long term
Quan ho- Conservation, Development and Recommendation Add the special subject about Folk songs of BacNinh into the local literary program to teach at the all grades -> nurture the future artists in the art troupes or the core art staff in the local villages. Compile documents, organize training courses for more than 600 music teachers, union officials of the participating teams in the form of extra-curricular with 6 sessions / year. Offer students the knowledge of Folk costumes, making phoenix - wing betel quid...; Set up Folk music clubs to join in the annual festival "I love folk songs" in the education system .