Sustainable Development For Rural CommunitiesPresentation Transcript
Sustainable Development for Rural Communities: Social, Health, Economic, and Environmental Advances (SustR) Cecilio Ortiz Garcia (PI) Marla Perez-Lugo (Co-PI) Department of Social Sciences-UPRM
What is SustR? SustR is consortium of universities and colleges in Mexico, Canada and U.S. that tackle critical issues in rural sustainability by educating a new generation of students and creating collaborative ties among researchers
What is Sustainability? “Sustainable development is a term that everyone likes, but nobody is sure of what it means” (Daly, 1996).
CURRENT MOVEMENTS IN SUSTAINABILITY Urban Ecology - Interaction of Human and Ecological Systems Bio- Complexity Modeling – Urban Heat Island and Water Demand Community Resilience – Disaster Planning and Capacity Enhancement Environmental Justice -- Distributional Equity Sustainability Indicators – Quality of Life Factors Risk Reduction Strategies – Brownfield Redevelopment Collaborative Design – Community Based Approaches Green Building – Rating/ Performance Criteria Sustainability Education -- Curricula, Facilities, Procurement Place Enhancement – Culture, History, Community Urban Health -- Urban Form Governance and Sustainability – Participatory / neighborhood Level Vulnerability and Resilience SustainableLivelihoods
The Social Dimension of Sustainability
In Search of a Balance…. Sustainability implies balance and permanence: a balance between people living in a community and the jobs available there; a balance between renewable resources continuously available locally and local consumption patterns; a balance between maintaining the natural environment in good health and the needs of the human community that lives within it. Like an individual in balance a sustainable community will be healthy: socially, economically and biologically. Calthorpe, 1986
In Search of a Balance…
In Search of a Balance….
The key is broad participation! “One of the fundamental prerequisites for the achievement of sustainable development is broad public participation in decision-making. Furthermore, in the more specific context of environment and development, the need for new forms of participation has emerged. This includes the need of individuals, groups and organizations to participate in environmental impact assessment procedures and to know about and participate in decisions, particularly those which potentially affect the communities in which they live and work. Individuals, groups and organizations should have access to information relevant to environment and development held by national authorities, including information on products and activities that have or are likely to have a significant impact on the environment, and information on environmental protection measures.” Chapter 23, Section III of the Agenda 21 ,1992 in Rio de Janeiro
It is the Law of the Land… “La estrategia de desarrollo sostenible de Puerto Rico debe reconocer la necesidad de una nueva visión que tome en consideración el ambiente y los recursos naturales que le sirven de base: en particular, en lo relacionado al uso de tierras y el recurso agua, la transportación, la producción de energía; el manejo de los desperdicios sólidos y líquidos; y el manejo de nuestra zona costera.” LEY DE DESARROLLO SOSTENIBLE DE PUERTO RICO (Ley núm. 267 del 10 de Septiembre de 2004)
SustR goals are: To create a North American dimension for rural sustainability in university curricula. To broaden students’ understanding of the problems facing rural communities with respect to sustainable development, with a particular focus on the sustainable development of North American communities. To build capacity at the local level by providing students with the tools and information they need to participate in rural sustainability projects in their own communities and regions, once they graduate.
SustR objectives are: Train a total of at least 46 students among the participating universities Develop a three-phase program, where each student will participate in (1) intensive language coursework, (2) coursework in rural communities and sustainable development, and (3) a field experience; Integrate the perspectives of the many disciplines involved in the project
SustR objectives are: Develop a new web-based course (in English and Spanish) Compile a collection of web-based case studies in rural sustainability Provide an international perspective for relevant courses and enhance the education at the host institution Attain inter-institutional transparency To develop alternative funding sources to sustain the programbeyond its 4 year lifespan
Participating Universities Michigan Technological University (MTU), University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez (UPRM), Universidad de Sonora(UNISON), Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes (UAA), University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC), Lakehead University (LU).
ProgramCoordination at UPRM A CISA/ITEAS collaboration
PI and Co-PI at UPRM Dr Cecilio Ortiz Garcia Environmental Policy Public Administration Public Participation Dra. Marla Perez Lugo Environmental Sociology Energy and Society Environmental Education
Who is eligible to participate in the SustR? Third and fourth year undergraduates and second year Master's students The targeted degree programs at participating universities are Engineering Social Sciences Biological Sciences Agricultural Sciences Law Sustainable Development Chemistry International Studies Health Sciences Women’s Studies Forestry/Environmental Studies First Nation Studies
Four primary components of SustR curricula: New modules to be integrated into existing coursework A new web-based course on rural sustainability Short-term intensive field studies Semester-long student internships
Academic Credits, Tuition and Fees, and Student Stipends Student work performed abroad will be accorded full credit recognition through approval prior to departure. Students will pay home campus tuition and fees and then travel to a host campus for a period of study. Student stipends for U.S. students will cover airfare plus subsistence fees up to about $2,000 to $3,000 per semester, depending on the cost of travel to/from and cost of living at the host university.
UPRM’s responsibilities Identify the courses covering issues related rural sustainability , and to identify a “core course” Recruitment International programs coordination (visas, health insurance and suitable housing) To welcome each visiting student by bringing the students from the airport to their housing and providing a campus orientation To assist in the development of a new undergraduate web-based course Create short-term, intensive field courses To identify during the first year and to coordinate semester-long student internships at public agencies, consulting companies, non-governmental organizations, or the host universities.
Institutional Synergies… AgriculturalExtensionService Aspenall/RUM Partnership Bio-RefineryLab Instituto Para El Desarrollo de Comunidades EstudiosHispanicos Many more!