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Revitalization strategy for village Granja in Portugal
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Revitalization strategy for village Granja in Portugal


Project for Legislation and management of architectural heritage, Master course in Intervention methodologies on architectural heritage @ FAUP, Portugal 2007. …

Project for Legislation and management of architectural heritage, Master course in Intervention methodologies on architectural heritage @ FAUP, Portugal 2007.
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  • Disclaimer: 3D model of recuperated convent and facades and layouts of original convent structure are taken from the project for convent transformation into a hotel, done by Portuense architect A. Gomez and here (page 18) they serve only to represent the referent structure. Photography by D. Gomez.
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  • 1. CHARACTERISATIONgeographical locationPortugal | North Region | Barroso district | Boticas council | village Granja
  • 2. CHARACTERISATIONrelation to its implantation - accessibilityEN 103EN 311EN 312
  • 3. CHARACTERISATIONgeography, topography and climateThe highest point ofthe district is inSerra do Barroso orat the Alturaswhere in Alto daArmada reaches upto 1279m.The lowest point ofthe Barosso districtis Leiranco inPindo, with 1156m.
  • 4. CHARACTERISATIONambiental frameGreen valleys and hillsRiversVegetationAgricultural animal speciesGranite
  • 5. CHARACTERISATIONpatrimonial frame – Boticas districtcastles, churches, convents, sacred road crosses, bridges, archaeological sites
  • 6. CHARACTERISATIONpatrimonial frame – village Granjaconvent Cister doBouro with the St.Barbara chapelvillage Church rural housingarchitecture
  • 7. CHARACTERISATIONactual utilization and earlier interventions• the church is being used in everyday life• it was evidently recuperated several times• the convent is abandoned• most of its structures are in ruins• old rural houses are mostly abandoned, if theyare being used they are still in a very bad state
  • 8. CHARACTERISATIONsignificance of the village Granja• Agricultural production• Animal production• Built patrimony• Cultural significance• Religion
  • 9. AVALIATION OF THE EXISTENT MANAGEMENTmission• to recover the significance and socio-economic prospects of the village• to recover the convent by giving it a new use• to recover historic examples of rural housing
  • 10. AVALIATION OF THE EXISTENT MANAGEMENTlegal frame• immobilities of public interest ( Convent of Cister do Bouro)• private immobilities (old rural houses)• unbuilt space between the convent and the main roadTHE QUESTIONS OF OWNERSHIP
  • 11. AVALIATION OF THE EXISTENT MANAGEMENTvulnerability of the space and factors of vulnerability• The level of sensitivity of old structures to the interventions andintroduction of new infrastructure.• Inadequate legal protection of authentic rural housing architecturefrom destruction.
  • 12. AVALIATION OF THE EXISTENT MANAGEMENTrestrictions and opportunitiesStrong points• its rural character and quiet way of life, isolated from the urban culture• natural ambiental frame and its position in a wider ambient rich withcultural heritage• good position in relation to the public transport• presence of residential populationWeak points• bad state of conservation of some structures• bad state of village’s infrastructure
  • 13. THE MODEL OF PROPOSED MANAGEMENT• regeneration of the village Granja and its surrounding• recover of its historical identity• maximal use of its ambiental potentials• development of rural tourismobjective – basic concept
  • 14. THE MODEL OF PROPOSED MANAGEMENT• introduction of new activities in the village that would attract visitorsthroughout the year• introduction of new activities that would expand the market of itsagricultural production• recuperation of its most significant structures• creation of a new image possibly attractive to touristsstrategies
  • 15. THE MODEL OF PROPOSED MANAGEMENTcreation ofGRANJA YOUTH SCIENTIFIC CENTRE• The Granja Youth Scientific Centre would be a non-governmental educationalinstitution which would help and support young people who demonstrate aninclination and interest for science above regular school curricula. It would beprimarily designed for elementary and high school students but would also offer avariety of programs for college undergraduates, graduate students and schoolteachers.• Interactive teaching, flexible programs, modern equipment, no regional limits forstudents, young leading staff and the possibility of supporting a student’s smallresearch projects would be the key characteristics of this unique school inPortugal. Guest teachers and professional scientists would take part as lecturers inthe Center’s different programs developed through seminars, workshops,science camps, courses and field work, from January to December.concrete actions
  • 16. THE MODEL OF PROPOSED MANAGEMENTConcerning the cultural and physical ambient in which it would beplaced, the Centre could offer programs in the suggested science fields:AnthropologyArchaeologyArchitectureAstronomyBiologyChemistryEthnologyGeographyGeologyPhysicsPsychologySociologyGRANJA YOUTH SCIENTIFIC CENTRE
  • 17. THE MODEL OF PROPOSED MANAGEMENT1. ACADEMIC BUILDING – planned to occupy reconstructed buildings ofan old convent including fully equipped classrooms, laboratoryclassrooms, a modern computer classroom with internet services and theoffice space.2. LIBRARY – could be placed in the recuperated chapel.GRANJA YOUTH SCIENTIFIC CENTREThe development of this project would need particular physical facilities…3D model of recuperated conventground floor layout first floor layout roof layout
  • 18. THE MODEL OF PROPOSED MANAGEMENTGRANJA YOUTH SCIENTIFIC CENTRE3. DORMITORY FACILITIES – instead of building an additionalstructure for this purpose, the adaptation of existing abandoned oldrural houses in the village could satisfy the need for accommodation ofstudents, teachers, guest lecturers and eventually tourists. Thequestion of the property would have to be solved in the interest of theCentre so their primary use could not be questioned.
  • 19. THE MODEL OF PROPOSED MANAGEMENT4. RESTAURANT – in the vacant area between the convent/academicbuilding and the main road, a new structure can be built with the purposeto serve all students and lecturers but also should have the capacity toserve school excursions, one day courses for local students, tourists, etc.The restaurant would be the property of the Centre (in order not to becomea local drinking bar) but work independently from the Center’s periodicalschedule.5. ASTRONOMY OBSERVARORY – could be built on a hill hear the village.It would also be the property of the Centre.GRANJA YOUTH SCIENTIFIC CENTRE…and additional, new constructed facilities:
  • 21. THE MODEL OF PROPOSED MANAGEMENTStrategies for solution of vulnerabilities and menacesSearch for adequate methodologies of interventions for the examples ofdifferent patrimonial typologies in the action of their adaptation for newneeds
  • 22. THE MODEL OF PROPOSED MANAGEMENTexpectations for socio-economic progress•The market for village’s agricultural products could be extended (Center’srestaurant would need a constant supply of groceries, meet and other products).•The Centre would also need local labor for the work in the restaurant(chefs, caterers…) and for the maintenance of facilities (accommodationhouses, academic building, library, restaurant) and the garden – possibility for newworking places.•The housing equipment traditionally made in this area would contribute thetraditional image of these rural houses making a sense of authenticity closer totheir users. It could be a free way of marketing for the district’s needlewomen.•Publicity of the Centre could bring more notice to the North area of Portugal andconsequently lead to even bigger interest in its development.•Reconstructed identity of the village could automatically contribute to its touristattractiveness.
  • 23. THE MODEL OF PROPOSED MANAGEMENTorganogramGRANJAstrategy forrehabilitationPATRIMONYProtection andpreservationClassificationand search foradequateinterventionmethodologiesVALORIZATIONFunctionalmerge ofreferentstructuresand spacesRECUPERATIONTransformationOf convent complexInto a ScientificCentreNEW EQUIPMENTNew infrastructurefor old edificesNew builtstructure- restaurant -MAINTAINANCEANDPREVENTIVECONSERVATIONCleaning of thevillageLegal protectionof historicarchitecture fromdestructionMARKETINGNot touristicmarketing, butpublishing througheducationalinstitutionsthroughoutthe countryPARTNERSHIPMunicipality ofBoticasMinistries ofScience, education,Enviroment…Other referentNational andInternationalinstitutions