Rapid Impact Assessment of Kopernik's Solar Light Project in the Philippines

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Rapid Impact Assessment of Kopernik's Solar Light Project in the Philippines

  1. 1. Compiled results of the Gelacio I. Yason FoundationFamily Farm School Inc. (GIYF-FFS) Social Enterprise Environmental Technologies (SEET) Rapid Impact Assessment Lighting Up Rural Philippines! June 2012
  2. 2. Executive summaryThis report presents the finding of the Rapid Impact Assessment for the Gelacio I. YasonFoundation Family Farm School Inc. (GIYF-FFS) Social Enterprise Environmental Technologies(SEET) Project as required by Kopernik Technology Marketplace after four months of operation.GIYF-FFS SEET project aims to address the financial needs of the organization but also to providelow cost, high quality solar lighting to some of the poorest communities in Oriental Mindoro. Thepurpose of the Rapid Impact Assessment was to: 1) Develop a clear understanding of the status and needs of our customers; 2) Determine if the solar products are having a positive impact in our customer’s lives and; 3) Determine if GIYF-FFS is achieving its social mission.The survey consisted of a comprehensive household survey conducted on 82 households who hadpurchased d.light solar light products.Figure 1. Map of the Philippines Figure 2. Map of Oriental Mindoro 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 2 / 25
  3. 3. GIYF-FFS BackgroundEstablished in 2001, GIYF-FFS is a private, non-profit alternative secondary school located in a 3-hectare site in San Mariano, Roxas, Oriental Mindoro, Philippines (see Figure 1 & 2). GIYF-FFSimplements its program through an education system rooted in holistic youth formation,sustainable and organic agriculture, community organising and enterprise development andnatural health principles, which are in line with the United Nations Millennium Development Goalof poverty alleviation.GIYF-FFS works to alleviate poverty through a holistic approach to rural development in a way thatempowers students and communities to take responsible part in development, relationships todifferent aspects of community life and their interaction to the physical as well as the naturalenvironment. It is manifested in the intervention strategies that use an integrated approach toeducation which not only enrich theory with practice, it distinguishes us from traditional schools inthe country. GIYF-FFS’ program components include:Integral Youth Formation – provides holistic formation based on the Family Farm School system’sprogressive curriculum, with emphasis on the recruitment of students who belong among thepoorest of the poor families. The approach to implementing the system includes a small group oflearners, an alternating system, developing a Family Enterprise Project (FEP) and Family Visits.Sustainable Agriculture - the school-based farm functions as an Environmental Education Centerto showcase various SA techniques (organic fertilizer production, Food-Always-In-The-Home(FAITH), herbal and medicinal garden, sanctuary for endangered plant species, training venue forother SA trainings and practicum for the students while in the school. A Sustainable AgricultureOfficer is assigned assisted by a Farm Caretaker in the center-based implementation of programs.The SA Officer conducts regular field visits with farmer cooperators who are the practitioners andpromoters of SA in their respective communities. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 3 / 25
  4. 4. Cooperative Development/Community Organizing - the development of Parents Association andnetwork building support groups and individuals is geared towards strengthening its supportsystem through resource generation and exchange of awareness-raising.Integrative Health Care Systems - drawing connection with our rich biodiversity, this componenthas provided positive feedbacks and results from improved health condition, feeling of wellness,reduced number of sick days, as well as savings generated from decreased consumption of junkfood and purchase of other unhealthy food products. Wellness Advocates have been developedand are disseminating information on Natural Health principles for at least 3,000 individuals.Enterprise Development – GIYF-FFS assists with developing skills and identifying a feasiblebusiness and making it viable. Parents are trained to enhance their livelihood and enterpriseknowledge and skills together with resource accessing to generate capital for the FEP/income-generating projects identified by students along with their parents.One of the four pillars of a Family Farm School is an alternating home-school cycle, involvingfamilies in the education of their students and developing them into responsible and productivemembers of the community. Within the Federation of the Family Farm Schools in the Philippines(PHILFEFFARS), GIYF-FFS is regarded as the most progressive alternative school.GIYF-FFS Social Enterprise Environmental Technologies (SEET) projectIn Partnership with Kopernik, GIYF-FFS established SEET project to disseminate d.light solar lightsproducts to the communities in Oriental Mindoro. The GIYF-FFS SEET project objectives are toprovide high quality, affordable lighting and phone charging products to communities that havelimited or no access to electricity in Oriental Mindoro. We believe that energy access is one of thekey building blocks of economic development and the first step to alleviate energy poverty. Ourmission is to help low income families break their dependence on inefficient, expensive andharmful light sources by giving them cleaner and cheaper options. The project sets out to be GIYF-FFS’ first large-scale social enterprise, as part of the institution’s poverty alleviation strategy. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 4 / 25
  5. 5. The funds generated from the sale of the initial lights will be used to purchase additional units andto expand the business into other communities and sectors. This will enable members of thecommunity to develop income-generating opportunities, provide longer and better illuminationfor studying, extended productive hours in the home, reduced indoor air pollution andgreenhouse gas emissions as well as many cost saving benefits from the reduced consumption ofkerosene, candles and batteries for flashlights.GIYF-FFS High School program serves students from very low income families and provideseducation for minimal fees. The school relies on donation and fundraising for survival. The GIYF-FFS SEET project offers an opportunity to the school to raise funds for its lasting operation andcommunity development programs.Previous Initiative to Address the Absence of ElectricityBased on the 2006 Poverty Mapping conducted by the Peace and Equity Foundation (PEF) incollaboration with Oriental Mindoro NGO/PO Network (ORNET), Bulalacao and Mansalay (seeFigure 2.) were identified as having the highest percentage of un-electrified households. InBulalacao, 84% of households are un-electrified followed by Mansalay at 71%, Bansud 55%,Bongabong 53% and Pola 51%. While the Provincial Government of Oriental Mindoro has anelectrification program, the extension of electrical lines along the main barangay (village) road isneeded, as the lines do not extend to some 80% of households.The ORNET Solar Lantern Project, which was completed in March 2012, provided an alternativesolution by implementing a solar lantern project to 200 un-electrified households in OrientalMindoro, where GIYF-FFS was an active project partner. Some of the limitations of the projectincluded the price not being affordable and along with the instalment scheme, many customersdefaulted in their loan obligations. Poor After Sales service was a major problem and ultimatelylimited the success of the project.Taking the lessons learnt from the previous project into consideration, GIYF-FFS aims to providesolar lights to under-electrified communities and provide alternative clean energy sources toelectrified communities, at a locally appropriate price, with an efficient After Sales service in place. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 5 / 25
  6. 6. Pricing and Distribution of the d.light Solar LightsIn March and April 2012, GIYF-FFS received a total of 408 units of d.light solar lights from Kopernik(144 units of d.light S250 and 260 units of d.light S10). As the organization is trying to establish asustainable social enterprise, the d.light S10 was sold at PHP 1,000 (USD 23.82*) and d.light S250was sold at PHP 2,000 (USD 47.64). The solar lights have been distributed through GIYF-FFS’soffice, sales agent, product stalls and through GIYF-FFS’ Family Visit Program. At the initial phaseof the project, the lights were also sold for a promotional price, discounted by 10%. GIYF-FFS hasalso implemented a marketing strategy of giving customers a 20% discount on buying a secondproduct.To enable each segment of the community to afford the d.light products, three payment optionswere developed for the community members to choose from: 1. Cash – People pay up front for their purchase. Most of our customers have purchased lights using this method. 2. Salary Deduction – available for staff members of GIYF-FFS. The staff members are given their purchases up front and every month they contribute between PHP 250 (USD 5.96) – PHP 500 (USD 11.91) for their purchase. 3. Saving Scheme – Customers can order a d.light product and each month make a payment to GIYF-FFS for the d.light (to date no one has used this payment method).At the time the Impact Assessment Survey was conducted a total of 165 units (88 units of d.lightS10 and 77 units of d.light S250) had been sold.MethodologyThe Rapid Impact Assessment was conducted over a period of one week (11 th - 16th June 2012) oneighty-two (82) respondents who have purchased d.light solar products from the GIYF-FFS SEETproject. Before undertaking the survey, the questionnaire was field-tested with three (3)respondents to gauge its applicability to the community and the usability for the survey team. The* Please note exchange rate 1 USD = 41.9810 PHP (http://www.xe.com, July 28th, 2012). This ratewill be used throughout the report. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 6 / 25
  7. 7. final survey questionnaire was developed based on lessons learnt from this process. Once theinterviews were finished and data were collated the analysis of the data followed using MicrosoftExcel. A confidence interval with α=0.10 was created for results that dealt with binomialproportions and Student’s T-statistic to provide a descriptive outlook on the results. Photo: Emily surveying Maricel Diado about her d.light S10 purchaseRapid Impact Assessment Results & DiscussionHousehold and respondent characteristicsNinety percent of individuals who purchased the d.light solar products were women. Over 50% ofwomen surveyed had attended college, 30% attended high school and 18% attended elementaryschool, while 2% had no formal education. Of the 10% of men interviewed, 38% had attendedcollege, 45% attended high school and 17% attended elementary school, while only 1% had noformal education. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 7 / 25
  8. 8. Figure 3. Respondent’s Education (Female) Figure 4. Respondent’s Education (Male) No Education No Education 2% 1% Elementary Elementary 18% 17% College College 38% High School 50% 30% High School 45%The average number of people living in respondent’s households was 7.73 individuals this includedchildren and dependents. Most households had children attending school, either elementary, highschool or college.Employment & IncomeFor each household, the mean number of people employed was 1.32 (±0.01). Among therespondents, households were primarily engaged in work associated with agriculture (60.75%),followed by teaching (18.45%), and the business of selling products ranging from crops andproduce to small-scale sari-sari stores (11.46%).Monthly income of respondents ranged from PHP 1,000 (USD 23.82) to PHP 100,000 (USD2,382.03) per month. Community members who purchases d.light solar product living in off-gridcommunities tended to have salaries of less than PHP 5,000 (USD 119.09) per month (averagemonthly wage of respondents was PHP 2,400, USD 57.16), while people living in electrified areasgenerally had salaries greater than PHP 5,000 per month (average monthly wage of respondents inelectrified communities PHP 15,000, USD 357.30).Lighting sourceSeventy percent of respondents lived in electrified areas. Of those, 100% of families used othersources of lighting such as kerosene (75%), candles (30%), flashlights (89%) or generators (1%) tosubsidize their electricity use, usually during brownouts (which occur regularly). Respondents who 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 8 / 25
  9. 9. lived in off-grid communities all depended on kerosene (100%) to meet their lighting needs,although they also used candles (80%) and flashlights (30%). In electrified areas, respondents usedelectricity for lighting for approximately 5-6 hours per night, and in off-grid communities, kerosenewas used for 4-5 hours per night.Respondents from electrified households said they used alternative forms of lighting other thanelectricity largely during brownouts (80%), and cooking at night (30%). Respondents from off-gridhouseholds said they use kerosene for lighting at night (100%) and flashlights for walking outside(30%). Respondents in electrified housing said that power shortages were their biggest concern(90%), followed by the high cost of electricity (75%) and the potential fire risk from kerosene orcandles (63%). Respondents from off-grid households cited that the quality of light from keroseneand candles was their biggest concern (87%), followed by cost of kerosene (82%) and risk of fire(78%).Respondents with electrified housing spent an average of PHP 1,500 (USD 35.73) per month onelectricity. An average of PHP 202 (USD 4.82) was spent on Kerosene, PHP 88.13 (USD 2.11) oncandles, PHP 50.00 (USD 1.19) on Flashlight batteries and PHP 100.00 (USD 2.38) on generators(Figure 5). In off-grid communities the average monthly expenditure on kerosene was PHP 200.00(USD 4.76), candles PHP 74.50 (USD 1.78) and flashlight batteries PHP 30.00 (USD 0.75), (Figure 6) Figure 5. Average monthly spend (PHP) on lighting by respondents (electrified housing) 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 9 / 25
  10. 10. Figure 6. Average monthly spend (PHP) on lighting by respondents (off-grid housing)Solar LightingThe most important reasons for purchasing the solar lights for respondents in electrifiedcommunities was, to save money, to have an alternative lighting source in power shortages, andto use as a night light while sleeping. For respondents in off-grid communities the most importantreasons were to provide a safe alternative form of lighting that would save them money. Eighty-two percent of respondents said that they used the d.light solar S10 or S250 everyday, 9% citedthat they used the product almost everyday and 8% not very often (Figure 7). 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 10 / 25
  11. 11. Figure 7. How often respondents use their d.light productThe most common use of the solar light among respondents was for use as a night-light (76%),followed for use in emergencies i.e. brownout (60%), other uses included studying, walking atnight, cooking and eating (Figure 8).The most common changes noted by respondents in regards to their household’s after thepurchase of d.light solar included staying up later to work, children being able to study at night,feelings of safety, saving money and socializing at night (Figure 9). Figure 8. Common uses of d.light solar 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 11 / 25
  12. 12. Figure 9. Most common changes in households after the purchase of d.light solar.Only 50% of respondents that had purchased the d.light S250 had used the cell phone-chargingfeature. Ninety percent of those respondents who had used the cell phone charging capabilitywere from off-grid communities.Of those respondents who lived in electrified communities 100% of them continued to useelectricity after the purchase of the d.light solar. However, 99% of respondents stopped usingkerosene, candles and flashlights after their purchase of the d.light solar. In the off-gridcommunities, 80% of respondents stopped using kerosene, but a few still used it as a lightingsource in other rooms of their house or kept it incase the solar light ran out of charge.In electrified communities, respondents cited that they were saving money on their electricity bills(an average of PHP 300.00, USD 7.15 a month). This small saving along with the saving of keroseneand candles is roughly PHP 550 (USD 13.11) a month (Figure 10).Respondents who cited using the solar lamp as a night-light where previously they needed to useelectricity or used no light at all, suggests a new change to many electrified households. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 12 / 25
  13. 13. Figure 10. Average monthly spend on lighting sources in electrified households prior to and after the purchase of d.light solar.The changes observed in off-grid respondents households were often more significant.Respondents could stay up later to conduct income-generating activities and children could studyat night. Respondents were saving at least 50% of what they usually spent on kerosene, candlesand flashlight batteries every month (Figure 11).Figure 11. Average monthly spend on lighting sources in off-grid households prior to and after the purchase of d.light solar. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 13 / 25
  14. 14. Photo: Teacher Jai conducting Rapid Impact Assessment SurveysConclusions & recommendationsThe GIYF-FFS SEET Project Rapid Impact Assessment demonstrated that the greatest impactobserved was with respondents from off-grid communities. With the d.light solar lightsrespondents have dramatically reduced their use of kerosene and candles and feel safe because ofthe reduced risk of fire. Respondents can participate in income generating opportunities andprovide a better study environment for their children. Respondents in electrified areas have abetter light alternative during power shortages and use their d.light products for comfort in thenight. Most respondents in electrified areas have almost completely stopped using kerosene andcandles in their homes. While some respondents cited using a renewable energy source wasbetter for the environment, most respondents believed that they were saving money and the riskof fire in their homes had decreased. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 14 / 25
  15. 15. Interestingly, most respondents in electrified areas preferred the d.light S250 product at time ofpurchase over the S10 because of the d.light S250’s phone charging capabilities. However, almostall respondents had not used that function. In the off-grid communities the phone charger wasused in almost all instances and was a talking point of most. Many respondents cited that theydidn’t have to walk to friends’ houses to charge their cell phones anymore after the purchase ofd.light S250.When examining the income of respondents it appears that the GIYF-FFS SEET project is reaching amajority of customers in an income bracket of PHP 5,000 (USD 119.10) – PHP 100,000 (USD2,382.03). Although the solar product is having a bigger impact in the lives of respondents in theincome bracket of PHP 1,000 (USD 23.82) – PHP 4,999 (USD 119.08), who in most cases live in off-grid communities. This suggests that our sales price may be too high for the lower incomemembers of our community or our marketing strategy is failing to reach this demographic.After the results of this impact assessment GIYF-FFS has developed a social pricing mechanism.Customers who have a family income of less that PHP 4,999 (USD 119.08) per month can purchasethe d.light S10 and d.light S250 at just above cost price (30% discount).A partnership with the Mangyan Mission, a church-based non-government organization whichassists the Indigenous Peoples of Oriental Mindoro has been developed to get access to the moreremote communities of Oriental Mindoro. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 15 / 25
  16. 16. Stories from the fieldTessie RubayaTessie Rubaya (55 years old), lives with her husband, 7 children and grandchild in San Mariano, Roxas,Oriental Mindoro. Tessie and her husband have a small farm, and she gains occasional employmentworking in the rice fields. She lives in an off-grid area of San Mariano and uses kerosene and candles tolight her home. Tessie heard about the d.light solar products during one of the GIYF-FFS family visits anddecided to purchase two units of d.light solar (d.light S10 and d.light S250). She has found that the d.lightS250 bed setting that lasts for 100 hours is a good night light in her house. She cited that her family nowhas sufficient light while cooking, can even read at night and don’t need to go to other peoples houses tocharge their cell phones. Tessie’s husband was looking at the d.light box and saw a picture of a figurefarming at night, he thought this was a good idea, as he finds it very hot during the day to do many tasks.He has now started tending to the garden, checking the animals and harvesting rice at night. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 16 / 25
  17. 17. Elsie SaronElsie (46 years old) is a staff member of GIYF-FFS. She assists with cooking for the staff andstudents and helps to maintain the vegetable gardens. Ate Elsie is a single parent, with sixdaughters who live in an off-grid squatting community in San Mariano, Roxas. Elsie purchased ad.light S250 using the GIYF-FFS Salary Deduction Scheme. She chose to purchase the light usingthis scheme because she was able to get the product up front and pay for it over a four-monthperiod. This allowed her to save a little of her salary every month to pay for the light.Elsie and her family use the d.light S250 every night to read and do household chores. Previouslythey used a kerosene lamp. Elsie says that the d.light S250 is so much brighter than her oldkerosene lamp. With the kerosene lamp the children had to study by themselves because the lightwas so poor, but now with the bright solar light her children can study together in a group. Elsiealso says she doesn’t need to use kerosene at all anymore, saving her money every week. Elsiealso conducted a d.light product demonstration to her neighbours. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 17 / 25
  18. 18. Rose NicademusRose is 32 years old and is a single mother with two children. Rose is currently unemployed andlives with her father and mother in a small two-roomed house in an off-grid community inMaraska, Roxas, Oriental Mindoro. Rose’s mother suffered a stroke and now cannot move the leftside of her body. Rose takes her children to elementary school and helps her father care for hermother. Rose purchased the d.light s250 to help care for her mother. She says the light helps herfamily immensely. Her mother can use the light at night to help her find things in the dark and ifher mother needs any assistance, Rose can use the d.light s250 instead of using kerosene. Rosealso cited that before they purchased the solar light they had to walk to friends houses to chargetheir cell phones, now they can just use the d.light to charge their phones! 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 18 / 25
  19. 19. Benjamin NaboaMr. Naboa (74 years old) is a retired Municipal Agrarian Reform Officer. Mr. Naboa heard aboutthe GIYF-FFS SEET Project through a friend and thought having a solar light in his house would behelpful during brownouts, which occur commonly in his barangay (village). Mr. Naboa cited thathe uses the d.light s10 every day, especially as a night-light and when he goes to visit friends. Afterbuying the d.light s10 he has stopped buying kerosene and candles. He likes that the d.light s10 isso straight-forward and easy to use. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 19 / 25
  20. 20. Pala DiadoMs Diado (65 years old) is from the Hanunuo tribe of indigenous peoples from Oriental Mindoro.Pala has 14 children, most of whom have grown up, but she still looks after her youngest twochildren and grandchildren in a small traditional off-grid house in barangay San Roque, Bulalcao,Oriental Mindoro. She is a farmer and grows and sells bananas and coconut and owns a few headsof cow. Before purchasing her d.light s250 she used kerosene lamps in her home and a flashlightat night. She cited that kerosene was expensive and lamps would often be blown out by the wind.Her daughter-in-law, Maricel, uses the d.light s250 on the low setting so that she can breast feedher child. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 20 / 25
  21. 21. Mrs. Hedy YasonMrs. Yason (63 years old) is the Board Chairperson of the Gelacio I. Yason Foundation Family FarmSchool and her late husband was also the founder. She purchased a d.light s10 and uses it forreading at night. She likes the d.light s10 because it is so easy to use and if she needs to get up inthe night she can just reach for her solar lamp. Since buying her first lamp she has also boughtsolar lights for all her children and two grandchildren.Mrs. Melissa CatapangMelissa is a staff member at GIYF-FFS. She purchased the d.light s250 with the salary deductionscheme. After purchasing the light, she says she feels safe going outside at night. She has stoppedusing kerosene and candles and doesn’t need to worry about the risk of fire anymore, and sheeven gave away her flashlight. Melissa cited that her daughter also loves to use the solar lamp toread at night. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 21 / 25
  22. 22. Mrs. Daisy TambuonMrs. Tambuon works in sales, selling electrical appliances around Oriental Mindoro. She startedselling d.light solar lights for GIYF-FFS in May 2012 after she had to travel to Manila to pay for oneof her children’s college expenses. That month she spent a lot of money and as a result herelectricity was cut-off by the electrical company. She borrowed a d.light S250 from her daughter-in-law and was convinced that the d.light solar light was a fantastic product as it got her throughthe month without electricity. She says that the d.light products are very easy to sell, becausethere is a need in the community and that the product is affordable. Since she started selling thed.light products she has been able to save to buy a side cart for her motorbike. She can now drivearound with the d.light solar lights in tow and can even take her granddaughter along with her sothat she can babysit at the same time. 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 22 / 25
  23. 23. GIYF-FFS Social Enterprise Environmental Technologies (SEET) Solar lighting Rapid Impact AssessmentInterviewer:Date:PART I: Household and Respondent Characteristics1.1 Name: 1.2 Address:1.3 Age: 1.4 Gender: 1.5 Education:1.6 Contact No.1.7 Martial Status  Married living together  Separated  Single parent  Widowed  Other1.8 How many people live in your residence?1.9 How many children do you have? 1.10 How many dependents?1.11 Number of household members who are not of school age?1.12 Number of household members who are  Elementarystudying?  High School  College  Post Graduate1.13 What is your occupation and main sourceof income?1.14 Do you have anyone else in yourhousehold who is employed and has a sourceof income? (please describe type of work)1.15 What is your families monthly income?1.16 What are the biggest challenges your  Foodhousehold is facing?  Education  Clean water  Electricity and Fuel  Healthcare  Transportation  Financing (Credit/Savings)  Other (Please specify)PART II: Baseline2.1 What energy source were your family using  Electricitybefore your purchase of the solar light? (Please  Kerosenecircle more than one response if applicable)  Candle  Flashlight  Generator  Other (please specify)  No lights 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 23 / 25
  24. 24. 2.2 How many hours did you use your previous  Electricity =source of lighting?  Kerosene =  Candle =  Flashlight =  Generator =  Other (please specify) =2.3 What were the problems you found with  No problemsyour previous sources of lighting? (circle all  Poor light qualitythat apply)  Unpleasant smoke  Risk of fire  High cost  Health problems  Dirt inside nose or on face  Others (specify)2.4 How much did your family spend on your  Electricity = PHPlighting source prior to receiving the solar light  Kerosene = PHPper month?  Candle = PHP  Flashlight = PHP  Generator = PHP  Other = PHPPART III: Use of Technology3.1 What model(s) of d.light product do youown?3.2 How many d.light solar products do youown?3.3 What factors led you to buy a d.light solarlight?3.4 What do you use the d.light solar light for?(e.g. cooking & study)3.5 How often do you use the solar light?  Everyday  Almost everyday  Not very often  Not at all3.6 If you use the solar light, how many hoursper day do you use it for?3.7 If you own the d.light S250 how often doyou use the mobile changing capability?PART IV: Changes4.1 Do you still use Kerosene or other means of  Yeslighting that was used prior to your purchase  Noof the solar light? 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 24 / 25
  25. 25. 4.2 If you answered yes to the above questioncan you explain in more detail why you still useother forms of lighting?4.3 How much do you spend for your  Electricity = PHPalternative forms of lighting per month after  Kerosene = PHPyour purchase of d.light solar?  Candle = PHP  Flashlight = PHP  Generator = PHP  Other (please specify)4.4 Please describe any changes since youreceived the lantern to your householdactivities?PART V: Feedback5.1 Overall, how would you rate the usefulness  Very effectiveof the technology?  Effective  OK  Not so good  Poor5.2 What do you like most about the productand do you have any suggestions forimprovement? 2012 Rapid Impact Assessment Collation Page 25 / 25

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