Elements of Literature Review
“WHAT DO THEY SAY?”
“WHAT DO I THINK?”

My review

This is what is
going on…

Philip Adu, Ph...
Outline
1.
2.
3.

Definition of literature review
Rationale behind reviewing literature
How it is done
What is a Literature review?
“A literature review is much more than an
annotated bibliography or a list of separate
review...
Rationale behind reviewing
literature
Justifying the study
 Educating readers
 Contextualizing the topic
 Spotting or c...
How is the review done?
1.
2.
3.
4.

Searching for literature
Organizing the literature
Conducting gap analysis
Writing th...
1. Searching for literature


Use resources available in our school
library
◦ Library Research Databases

Google scholar
...
Source: Western University Library
Levels of searching literature related to your topic

3.
Slightly related

Broad search

2.
Quite
related
1.
Extremely
rel...
2. Organizing the
literature
1.
2.
3.

Annotated
bibliography
Synthesis matrix
QMARI

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

The...
Organizing the literature Cont…
Assessing the Quality and Consistency of
Literature /Studies
QMARI






Question: Wh...
QMARI Table
(Assessing the Quality and Consistency)
Assessment

Question

Method

Analysis

Results

Interpretation

Artic...
3. Conducting gap Analysis
Looking for…
 Trends
 Similarities
 Differences
 Limitations
 Strengths
Conducting gap Analysis Cont…
Types of gap-spotting
1. Confusion spotting


Competing explanations

2. Neglect spotting
...
4. Writing the review
Organizing the review based on:
1. Topics and/or sub-topics
2. Sequence (time the literature
publish...
Writing the review cont…
Introduction: Tell readers
what you intend to discuss
 Body: Discuss it
 Summary: Tell readers
...
Writing the review Cont…


Constructing a paragraph
General
idea

• Topic
sentence

Specific
idea(s)
Using :
 Transition...
Writing the review Cont…
“They say/I say:The moves that matter in
academic writing” By Graff and Birkenstein (2007)
About academic writing
“For us, the underlying structure of
effective academic writing-and of
responsible public discourse...
Things to do

1.
2.
3.
4.

Read the literature review section of
peer review articles
Practice, practice, practice
Give yo...
Questions
References
Cone, J.D., & Foster, S.L. (2006). Dissertations and theses from start to finish: Psychology and
related fields...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Conducting literature review

808

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
4 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
808
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
54
Comments
4
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Conducting literature review

  1. 1. Elements of Literature Review “WHAT DO THEY SAY?” “WHAT DO I THINK?” My review This is what is going on… Philip Adu, PhD Belinda McFeeters, PhD Jamie Patterson, MA Latrice Alagbala, PhD National Center for Academic & Dissertation Excellence (NCADE) The Chicago School of Professional Psychology padu@thechicagoschool.edu
  2. 2. Outline 1. 2. 3. Definition of literature review Rationale behind reviewing literature How it is done
  3. 3. What is a Literature review? “A literature review is much more than an annotated bibliography or a list of separate reviews of articles and books. It is a critical, analytical summary and synthesis of the current knowledge of a topic. Thus it should compare and relate different theories, findings, etc, rather than just summarize them individually” (Wesleyan University Library, 2012)
  4. 4. Rationale behind reviewing literature Justifying the study  Educating readers  Contextualizing the topic  Spotting or creating gaps in literature  ( Cone & Foster, 2006; Sandberg & Alvesson, 2010)
  5. 5. How is the review done? 1. 2. 3. 4. Searching for literature Organizing the literature Conducting gap analysis Writing the review
  6. 6. 1. Searching for literature  Use resources available in our school library ◦ Library Research Databases Google scholar  Sage Journals  Check the reference list of relevant articles 
  7. 7. Source: Western University Library
  8. 8. Levels of searching literature related to your topic 3. Slightly related Broad search 2. Quite related 1. Extremely related Narrow search
  9. 9. 2. Organizing the literature 1. 2. 3. Annotated bibliography Synthesis matrix QMARI Article 1 Article 2 Article 3 Theme 1 Theme 2 Western University Library
  10. 10. Organizing the literature Cont… Assessing the Quality and Consistency of Literature /Studies QMARI      Question: What was the research question? Method: How was the data collected? Analysis: How was data analyzed? Results: What were the results? Interpretation: What claims were made based on the findings?
  11. 11. QMARI Table (Assessing the Quality and Consistency) Assessment Question Method Analysis Results Interpretation Article What they say one What I think (Reflections) Article What they say two What I think (Reflections) Three steps 1. Critically examining the quality of each of the 5 aspects of each study 2. Evaluating the consistency of studies across the 5 aspects 3. Conducting gap analysis
  12. 12. 3. Conducting gap Analysis Looking for…  Trends  Similarities  Differences  Limitations  Strengths
  13. 13. Conducting gap Analysis Cont… Types of gap-spotting 1. Confusion spotting  Competing explanations 2. Neglect spotting    Overlooked area Un-researched area Lack of empirical support 3. Application spotting   Extending existing literature Complementing existing literature (Sandberg & Alvesson, 2010)
  14. 14. 4. Writing the review Organizing the review based on: 1. Topics and/or sub-topics 2. Sequence (time the literature published) 3. Theories 4. Methods used Dr. Schaefer - Texas A&M Writing Center
  15. 15. Writing the review cont… Introduction: Tell readers what you intend to discuss  Body: Discuss it  Summary: Tell readers what you have discussed 
  16. 16. Writing the review Cont…  Constructing a paragraph General idea • Topic sentence Specific idea(s) Using :  Transitions  Pointing words • Supporting sentence(s) Conclusion • Closing sentence Schaefer (2011)
  17. 17. Writing the review Cont… “They say/I say:The moves that matter in academic writing” By Graff and Birkenstein (2007)
  18. 18. About academic writing “For us, the underlying structure of effective academic writing-and of responsible public discourse-resides not just in stating our own ideas, but in listening closely to others around us, summarizing their views in a way that they will recognize, and responding with our own ideas in kind” (p. 3) Graff and Birkenstein (2007)
  19. 19. Things to do 1. 2. 3. 4. Read the literature review section of peer review articles Practice, practice, practice Give your work to someone to review Continue to revise your literature review section
  20. 20. Questions
  21. 21. References Cone, J.D., & Foster, S.L. (2006). Dissertations and theses from start to finish: Psychology and related fields (2nd ed.). Washington: APA. Graff, G., & Birkenstein, C. (2007). They say/i say:The moves that matter in academic writing. US: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Sandberg, J., & Alvesson, M. (2011). Ways of constructing research questions: Gap-spotting or problematization? Organization, 18(23), 23-44. doi:10.1177/1350508410372151 Schaefer, C. (2011, January 28). Get lit: The literature review. website: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y1hG99HUaOk Wesleyan University Library. (2012, ). Literature review guide. Retrieved from Wesleyan University Library website: http://www.wesleyan.edu/libr/guides/litrev/index.html Western University Library. (2012, September 4). Grey literature tutorial. website: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m9-0ZYnCmAI Western University Library. (2011, October 4). Introduction to literature reviews. website: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jiQJJXTD0VI
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×