OVERVIEW <ul><li>Sydney Opera House (1957 - 1973) is a masterpiece of late modern architecture. It is admired internationally and proudly treasured by the people of Australia. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Jørn Oberg Utzon, (9 April 1918 – 29 November 2008) was a Denmark architect most notable for designing the Sydney Opera House in Australia. </li></ul><ul><li>Jorn Utzon died in Copenhagen in November 2008 aged 90. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Opera House was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site on 28 June 2007.It is one of the world's most distinctive 20th century buildings, and one of the most famous performing arts centres in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sydney Opera House is situated on Bennelong Point in Sydney Harbour, close to the Sydney Harbour Bridge. It surrounded on three sides by the harbour (Sydney Cove and Farm Cove), and neighboured by the Royal Botanic Gardens. </li></ul>
UNIQUENESS <ul><li>Many touring theatre, ballet, and musical productions the Opera House is the home of Opera Australia, the Sydney Theatre Company and the Sydney Symphony Orchestra. It is administered by the Opera House Trust, under the New South Wales (NSW) Ministry of the Arts. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sydney Opera House has about 1000 rooms, including five theatres, five rehearsal studios, two main halls, four restaurants, six bars and numerous souvenir shops. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The five constituent theatres of the Sydney Opera House are the Concert Hall (with a seating capacity of 2,679), the Opera Theatre (1,547 seats), the Drama Theatre (544 seats), the Playhouse (398 seats) and the Studio Theatre (364 seats). The smallest building is home to the Bennelong Restaurant. </li></ul><ul><li>The Concert Hall contains the Sydney Opera House Grand Organ. It is the largest mechanical tracker action organ in the world with over 10,000 pipes. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Opera House provides 45,000 square metres (11 acres) of usable office space out of 18,000 square metres (4.5 acres) of land. It is 183 metres (600 feet) tall and about 120 metres (388 feet) wide at its widest point. </li></ul><ul><li>The roofs of the House are constructed of 1,056,000 glazed white granite tiles, imported from Sweden. The House interior is composed of pink granite mined from Tarana, NSW and wood and brush box plywood supplied from northern NSW. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Its power supply is equivalent for a town of 25,000 people. The power is distributed by 645 kilometres of electrical cable. It has about 1000 rooms. It has five theatres, five rehearsal studios, two main halls, four restaurants, six bars and numerous souvenir shops. </li></ul><ul><li>It is supported on 580 concrete piers sunk up to 25 metres below sea level. </li></ul>
OPENING <ul><li>The Opera House was formally opened by Queen Elizabeth II on October 20, 1973. The opening was televised and included fireworks and a performance of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9. </li></ul><ul><li>Prior to the opening, two performances had already taken place there. On September 28, 1973, a performance of Sergei Prokofiev's War and Peace was played at the Opera Theatre. On September 29, the first public concert in the Concert Hall took place. It was performed by the Sydney Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Charles Mackerras and with accompanying singer Birgit Nilsson. </li></ul>
ACCESSIBILITY <ul><li>From Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) directly go to Sydney International Airport OR / </li></ul><ul><li>From Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) go to Singapore drop in to Jakarta and then go to Sydney International Airport. </li></ul>
PUBLIC TRANSPORT <ul><li>Circular Quay is a five to seven minute walk from the Sydney Opera House. You can catch buses, trains and ferries to Circular Quay. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sydney Buses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transport Infoline: 131 500 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fax: +61 2 8202 2111 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.sydneybuses.nsw.gov.au </li></ul></ul></ul>
TOTAL EXPENDITURE Table: Sydney Opera House Construction and Refurbishment Expenditure 1957-2002 * $69 million committed TOTAL EXPENDITURE ACTUAL MILLION STAGE 1: PLATFORM : 1957-1963 (Architect: Jørn Utzon) $5.2 STAGE 2: ROOF : To Feb 1967 (Architect: Jørn Utzon) $13.2 STAGE 3: INTERIOR : To June 1973 (Architect: Peter Hall) $80.4 FORECOURT REFURBISHMENT : 1988 (Andrew Anderson) $34.6 UPGRADE 1: EXTERIOR / INTERIOR : 1988-1989 (PWD) $120.0 UNDERGROUND CAR PARK : To 1993 Mar 17 $40.0 THEATREWORKS / THE STUDIO / CH ANTEROOM / WESTERN BROADWALK FOYER : To 1999 Mar 5 (Architect: Leif Kristensen) $12.0 UPGRADE 2: EXTERIOR / INTERIOR : 1998-2002 (Architects: Richard Johnson / Jørn & Jan Utzon) *$69.0 TOTAL $374.4
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