Digrussia2 Eng

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Contemporary Russian law & clearance copyright & related rights in digital environment. There is currently a significant information deficit with respect to the identification of copyright ownership in Russia. Why transaction costs exceed the value of copyright to uesers in digital environment? The transition to digital television in Russia, on sample. Clearance copyright to liner TV content in the Russia. Clearance copyright to non-liner TV digital content in the Russia.

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Digrussia2 Eng

  1. 1. IS IT VERY IPPORTANT FOR RUSSIA TO HAVE OWN DIGITAL CONTENT DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY? 23rd of April 2009 DIGITAL RUSSIAN CONTENT © Ilya Kondrin, 2009
  2. 2. LEGAL SUBSTANCE OF DIGITAL CONTENT Digital copyright Digital related rights Part IV of the Russian Civil Code Digital Content
  3. 3. <ul><li>Copyright of authors and their heirs . </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright of other rights holders ( e.g. music publishers ) . </li></ul><ul><li>Related rights of performers and producers of sound recordings . </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasters related rights . </li></ul>Copyright Related rights MAIN CONSTITUENTS OF DIGITAL CONTENT LEGALITY
  4. 4. You must have all 100% shares of Copyright & all 100% shares of Related tights The absence of at least one of the two types of rights immediately made illegal digital content Section 1229 Part IV of the Russian Civil Code <ul><li>« The other persons can’t use … the result of intellectual activity … without the rights holder's consent …» </li></ul><ul><li>« Using original work of authorship … (including its using in ways provided by this code), is illegal and entail liability under this code and other acts if such using take place without rights holder ’s consent … » </li></ul>DIGITAL CONTENT ILLEGAL DIGITAL CONTENT
  5. 5. IN ORDER « CLEARENCE » COPYRIGHT & RELATED RIGHTS COPYRIGHT You must have all 100 % shares copyright on digital content RELATED RIGHTS You must have all 100 % shares related rights on digital content HOW DIGITAL CONTENT SHALL BE MADE LEGALLY? COPYRIGHT RELATED RIGHTS
  6. 6. - You can not find information about rights holders (orphan works & etc); - Nobody have complete information as to ownership of copyrights You can not use blanket licence You have many problems with so-called « Soviet content » (soviet cinema, soviet sound recordings & etc) WHY TRANSACTION COSTS EXCEED THE VALUE OF COPYRIGHT TO USERS IN DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT? There is currently a significant information deficit with respect to the identification of copyright ownership in Russia 1 2 3 4
  7. 7. THE TRANSITION TO DIGITAL TELEVISION IN RUSSIA, ON SAMPLE CONTEMPORARY RUSSIAN LAW & “CLEARENCE” COPYRIGHT & RELATED RIGHTS IN DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT
  8. 8. TV CONTENT Two different kinds of TV Content LINER OR “PUSH” CONTENT <ul><li>The scheduled programmes delivered to passive viewers . </li></ul><ul><li>Content has a potential impact on a mass audience </li></ul>NON-LINER OR “PULL”CONTENT <ul><li>Increasing control into the hands of viewers . </li></ul><ul><li>Audience fragmentation </li></ul><ul><li>Accessible by viewers at a time and place they choose . </li></ul><ul><li>Time-shifted viewing; avoidance of advertising . </li></ul><ul><li>Digital TV services on demand </li></ul>TV CONTENT
  9. 9. The Second Phase Pay Television The First Phase Digital TV Multi-channel TV The Third Phase Non-liner TV THE THREE PHASES OF THE TRANSITION TO DIGITAL TELEVISION IN RUSSIA
  10. 10. The Second Phase Pay TV The First Phase Digital TV Multi-channel TV The Third Phase Non-liner TV
  11. 11. MULTI-CHANNEL TELEVISION <ul><li>Multi-channel TV via satellite </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-channel TV via cable </li></ul><ul><li>Liner TV Content </li></ul>Digital TV THE FIRST PHASE – MULTI-CHANELL TELEVISION While Russia has remained in First Phase of the transition to Digital Television
  12. 12. PAY TELEVISION <ul><li>Pay TV becomes dominant </li></ul><ul><li>Free-to-air broadcasting declines </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing the number of TV channels available for audiences viewing </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing the number of other screen entertainment options (like gaming) </li></ul>Digital TV THE SECOND PHASE – PAY TELEVISION
  13. 13. NON-LINEAR TV SERVICES <ul><li>IPTV </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile TV </li></ul><ul><li>Interactivity for TV services </li></ul><ul><li>Non-linear digital content </li></ul><ul><li>User Generated Content </li></ul>Digital TV THE THIRD PHASE – NON-LINEAR TV SERVICES
  14. 14. You may received only the following types of blanket copyright licences (only some types music): You need the following types of blanket copyright licences: <ul><li>Promulgated musical works with or without text </li></ul><ul><li>Extracts from dramatico-musical works </li></ul><ul><li>Musical works </li></ul><ul><li>Works of pantomime, including choreographic works </li></ul><ul><li>Works of fine art, including works of architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Photographic works </li></ul><ul><li>Literary works </li></ul><ul><li>All other types works according subsection 1 Section 1259 Part IV of the Russian Civil Code </li></ul>THE ACCREDITED RUSSIAN COLLECTING SOCIETY CAN GRANTED YOU ONLY TWO TYPES OF BLANKET COPYRIGHT LICENCES FOR LINER TV CONTENT ONLY TWO TYPES OF BLANKET COPYRIGHT MUSIC LICENCES FOR LINER TV CONTENT ( Section 1244 Part IV of the Russian Civil Code ) RESUME “ Clearance” copyright to liner TV content in the Russia (2009)  û
  15. 15. A SYSTEM OF DIRECT LICENSING WITH MANY THOUSANDS RIGHT HOLDERS You need the following types of digital blanket licences: <ul><li>To identify who owns of each work, film, sound recording & etc </li></ul><ul><li>The general rights clearance problems associated with works of multiple ownership </li></ul><ul><li>The risk of negotiations between right holders and digital users collapsing, or not even taking place </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiations between right holders and digital users have been dragging on for years </li></ul><ul><li>Transaction costs exceed the value of copyright to users in digital environment </li></ul><ul><li>All types digital copyright (international & local repertory) </li></ul><ul><li>All types digital related rights (international & local repertory) </li></ul>ACCREDITED RUSSIAN COLLECTING SOCIETY NO HAVE RIGHT TO GRANT DIGITAL BLANKET LICENCES TO USERS IN DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT YOU DID NOT RECEIVE OF ANY DIGITAL BLANKET LICENCES IN DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT ( Section 1 244 Part IV of the Russian Civil Code) RESUME “ Clearance” copyright to non-liner TV digital content in the Russia (2009) RIGHTS CLEARANCE IS A SIGNIFICACNT BARRIER TO ENTRY IN THE NON-LINER TV RUSSIAN MARKET!!!!  û
  16. 16. <ul><li>ANY BLANKET LICENCES ARE NOT AVAILABLE FOR DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT </li></ul><ul><li>A SYSTEM OF DIRECT LICENSING WITH MANY THOUSANDS RIGHT HOLDERS </li></ul><ul><li>RIGHTS CLEARANCE IS A SIGNIFICACNT BARRIER TO ENTRY IN THE DIGITAL MEDIA MARKET </li></ul><ul><li>THERE IS CURRENTLY A SIGNIFICANT INFORMATION DEFICIT WITH RESPECT TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF COPYRIGHT OWNERSHIP </li></ul><ul><li>TRANSACTION COSTS EXCEED THE VALUE OF COPYRIGHT TO USERS IN DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT </li></ul><ul><li>VOLUNTARY COLLECTIVE LICENSING OF MUSIC FILE SHARING </li></ul><ul><li>PAN-EUROPEAN COLLCETIVE LICENSING </li></ul><ul><li>NEW STIM’s (SWEDEN) LICENSING MODEL TO MAKE LEGAL FILE SHARING POSSIBLE </li></ul><ul><li>THE COLLABORATION BETWEEN COLLECTING SOCIETY (BUMA/STEMRA) & CREATIVE COMMONS </li></ul><ul><li>US COMPULSORY LICENCE IN DIGITAL BROADCASTING </li></ul>NEW DIGITAL MEDIA & ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS IN “CLEARANCE” COPYRIGHT & RELATED RIGHTS Negative Positive Status quo in Russia Alternative solutions
  17. 17. WHY RUSSIA DON’T HAVE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY STRATEGIC PROGRAM? AUSTRALIA - “Digital Economy Future Directions” UNITED KINGDOM - “Digital Britain” FRANCE - “Digital France 2012 ” RUSSIAN FEDERATION – “??????????? ” IS IT VERY IPPORTANT FOR RUSSIA TO HAVE OWN DIGITAL CONTENT DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY?
  18. 18. WRITER REFERENCES <ul><li>ILYA KONDRIN RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF JUSTICE (MOSCOW) OF SUPRIME COURT OF RUSSIA & SUPRIME ARBITRATION COURT OF RUSSIA </li></ul><ul><li>ILYA KONDRIN « MAKE AVAILABLE RIGHT IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE RUSSIAN CIVIL LAW&quot; </li></ul>SCENE [email_address]

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