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general overview of naxalism

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  1. 1. NAXALISM: The Enemy Within<br />Presented by :KomalkamraM.B.A 1st semester<br />
  2. 2. About Naxalism<br />The Naxal name comes from the village of “Naxalbari” in the state of West Bengal where the movement originated.<br />Their origin can be traced to the split in 1967 of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), leading to the formation of the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist).<br />`Naxalite` or `Naxalism` is an informal name given to radical, often violent, revolutionary communist groups that were born out of the Sino-Soviet split in the Indian communist movement.<br />
  3. 3. Contd.<br />Initially the movement had its centre in West Bengal<br />In later years, it spread into less developed areas of rural central and eastern India, such as<br /> Chhattisgarh<br />orissa <br />Andhra Pradesh<br />It spreaded through the activities of underground groups like the Communist Party of India (Maoist)<br />
  4. 4. Who are Naxalists:<br />Naxalites are those who fight for freedom of the downtrodden and equal social and financial status for all , irrespective of class, caste and religion. <br />They work for decentralization of power.<br /> A radical who employs terror as a political weapon; usually organizes with other terrorists in small cells; often uses religion as a cover for terrorist activities. <br />They are organised mostly where there is forest cover. <br />One who espouses naxalism is a naxalite.<br /> Their motto is to show teeth and enlarge upon their ideology and if possible support the landless and poor.<br />
  5. 5. Origin and cause<br />India- birth place of Naxalism.<br />Naxalism originated by a gentleman K Sanyal who believed in Communist ideology, but thought that the economic freedom will come when you fight with the rich who have amassed wealth.<br />The term Naxalism was led by CharuMajumdar, KanuSanyal and JangalSanthal initiated a violent uprising in 1967.<br />
  6. 6. CharuMajumdar, inspired by the doctrines of Mao Zedong of china, advocated that Indian peasants and lower class tribals overthrow the government and upper classes by force whom he held responsible for their plight.<br />A large number of urban elites were also attracted to the ideology, which spread through Majumdar‘s writings, particularly the 'Historic Eight Documents' which formed the basis of Naxalite ideology.<br />After the internal revolt led by Satyanarayan Singh in 1971 and the death of Majumdar in 1972, the movement was fragmented into many competing factions.<br />Even as on today, there are several splitter groups operating in various states.<br />
  7. 7. Anti-Naxalism - Policies in the Indian Context<br />The time is ripe enough to focus on our internal security situation instead of devoting so much time to other issues.<br />The most challenging task before the government today is the elimination of the naxal terror network in its entirely<br />The intelligence network has to be strengthened significantly.<br />The threat is more from these anti-national elements as compared to hostile neighbouring countries<br />
  8. 8. Not only the training and equipping of the police forces but also the development of police leadership needs.<br />It should not be forgotten that there are various social issues that are to be given prior obligations on the part of the government like <br />development of under developed/backward and remote areas,<br /> provision of employment opportunities, <br />implementation of education policies,<br /> provision of quality health services <br />ensuring safety and security of human lives and public assets<br />
  9. 9. Eradication measures<br />North Eastern part of India are mostly tribal's with little education or no education, they are easy prey for these Naxal/Maoist elements.<br />People should be taught of judiciary, the laws, and the value of public property or the National property which is possible only by educating them.<br />The most important cause may be the poor implementation of the different welfare programmes and policies in the needy areas in the country<br />
  10. 10. Conclusion<br />If young minds can be captured by teachings of naxalism, why cant the same minds be captured and changed through education?<br />Thank you<br />