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13 Principles And Elements Of Art
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13 Principles And Elements Of Art


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  • 1. Kiyo Olive
    ART 326
    13 Principles and Elements of Art
  • 2. Balance
    The Last Supper by Leonardo Da Vinci
    Balance is a principle that creates interest and variety that makes the viewer feel a visual weight.
    Formal balance is dignified, stable, more static and symmetrical.
    Informal balance is asymmetrical.
  • 3. Unity
    Unity is a principle that makes all art elements (color, line, shape, space, texture and variety) work together to compliment and help each other.
    Unity is a harmonious blend of all elements.
    Irises by Vincent van Gogh
  • 4. Movement
    Movement is the principle of giving life to an artwork.
    The artist makes a compelling path through repeated line, color, and shapes.
    “Without movement there is no life” pg 68.
    Napoleon Crossing the Alps by Jacques-Louis David
  • 5. Proportion
    Proportion is a principle that has to do with relationships and amounts of elements.
    Realistic proportion accurately represents people of things in their actual proportions.
    Distorted proportion effects mood and feelings by not being accurate in proportion.
    Mona Lisa by Leonardo Da Vinci
  • 6. Repetition
    Repetition is a principle that can be simple or complex.
    Repetition of line shape and color creates a visual rhythm.
    A pattern or motif also results from repetition.
    Repeated patterns also show order.
  • 7. Emphasis
    Emphasis is a principle that captures your eye when you first see an art piece.
    The focal point or center of attention.
    The Herring Net by Winslow Homer
  • 8. Variety
    Variety is a principle that uses differences and contrasts between elements to bring an art piece to life.
    Variety brings life and attention to an art piece.
    The Persistence of Memoryby Salvador Dali
  • 9. Color
    Color is a element that describes beauty, symbolism, etc.
    Primary colorsare basic colors that can not be mixed with other colors: red, yellow, and blue.
    Secondary colors: are mixed primary colors: orange, green, and purple.
    Venice Twilight by Claude Monet
  • 10. Line
    Line is an art element which a point moving through space.
    “Lines have length and width; they may be short/long, thick/thin, dark/light, blurred/uneven, sharp/clear” pg 22.
    Self Portrait of
    Pablo Picasso
  • 11. Shape
    Shape is an a element that artists use to convey their message or visual statement.
    “When a line moves around and comes back and meets itself, it makes a shape” p.33.
    Balancement by Wassily Kandinsky
  • 12. Space
    Space is an art element which can be thought of as the distance of area between, around, above, below or within shapes.
    Space can either be either 3-demensional or 2-demensional.
    La Rue de la Bavolle in Honfleurby Claude Monet.
  • 13. Texture
    Texture is an art element that expresses appeal such as: soft, fluffy, texture.
    Artist are aware of tactile appeal and use texture to express a particular emotion or feeling to enhance their artwork in some way.
    Person at the Window
    by Salvador Dali
  • 14. Value
    Value is an element of lightness and darkness.
    Changes in value may be used by the artist to model or shape an object.
    Changes in value may be used by the artist to express an idea or emotion.
    The Vow to Love by Jean Honore Fragonard