Kiyo Olive ART 326 13 Principles and Elements of Art
Balance The Last Supper by Leonardo Da Vinci Balance is a principle that creates interest and variety that makes the viewer feel a visual weight. Formal balance is dignified, stable, more static and symmetrical. Informal balance is asymmetrical.
Unity Unity is a principle that makes all art elements (color, line, shape, space, texture and variety) work together to compliment and help each other. Unity is a harmonious blend of all elements. Irises by Vincent van Gogh
Movement Movement is the principle of giving life to an artwork. The artist makes a compelling path through repeated line, color, and shapes. “Without movement there is no life” pg 68. Napoleon Crossing the Alps by Jacques-Louis David
Proportion Proportion is a principle that has to do with relationships and amounts of elements. Realistic proportion accurately represents people of things in their actual proportions. Distorted proportion effects mood and feelings by not being accurate in proportion. Mona Lisa by Leonardo Da Vinci
Repetition Repetition is a principle that can be simple or complex. Repetition of line shape and color creates a visual rhythm. A pattern or motif also results from repetition. Repeated patterns also show order.
Emphasis Emphasis is a principle that captures your eye when you first see an art piece. The focal point or center of attention. The Herring Net by Winslow Homer
Variety Variety is a principle that uses differences and contrasts between elements to bring an art piece to life. Variety brings life and attention to an art piece. The Persistence of Memoryby Salvador Dali
Color Color is a element that describes beauty, symbolism, etc. Primary colorsare basic colors that can not be mixed with other colors: red, yellow, and blue. Secondary colors: are mixed primary colors: orange, green, and purple. Venice Twilight by Claude Monet
Line Line is an art element which a point moving through space. “Lines have length and width; they may be short/long, thick/thin, dark/light, blurred/uneven, sharp/clear” pg 22. Self Portrait of Pablo Picasso
Shape Shape is an a element that artists use to convey their message or visual statement. “When a line moves around and comes back and meets itself, it makes a shape” p.33. Balancement by Wassily Kandinsky
Space Space is an art element which can be thought of as the distance of area between, around, above, below or within shapes. Space can either be either 3-demensional or 2-demensional. La Rue de la Bavolle in Honfleurby Claude Monet.
Texture Texture is an art element that expresses appeal such as: soft, fluffy, texture. Artist are aware of tactile appeal and use texture to express a particular emotion or feeling to enhance their artwork in some way. Person at the Window by Salvador Dali
Value Value is an element of lightness and darkness. Changes in value may be used by the artist to model or shape an object. Changes in value may be used by the artist to express an idea or emotion. The Vow to Love by Jean Honore Fragonard