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Geography 323 Conflict Analysis Presentation

Geography 323 Conflict Analysis Presentation

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    Boko haram presentation 2 Boko haram presentation 2 Presentation Transcript

    • Nigeria’s Boko Haram Kolby Mailloux Amelia Smith Oct. 15th 2013 news.naij.com
    • http://www.nctc.gov/site/groups/boko_haram.html
    •      They are an Islamist sect They believe that the Nigerian government is run by corrupt Muslims Boko Haram is not connected to Al-Quaeda They are most known for burning down schools, churches, mosques and markets Boko Haram translates to “western education is forbidden”
    • Originated in 2002 from a youth group based out of the Alnaji Muhammadu Ndimi Mosque  This youth group soon formed an offshoot that created a separatist community near the border with Niger  The community was fanatical in creating an Islamic way of life in Nigeria  In 2003 most of the community was exterminated by police after a conflict over fishing rights 
    •     They believe that strict Islamic law should be enforced in Nigeria They are believed to be receiving funds from Salafist contacts in Saudi Arabia or from wealthy business men in the North After events in 2009, the Nigerian government began a crack down on the group. Which resulted in mass arrests and executions. This culminated in the death of their leader Muhammad Yusuf
    •  In this video, Boko Haram’s former second in command Abubakar Shekau, who claimed leadership in July 2010, is addressing the western world, particularly Barak Obama and Benjamin Netanyahu.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vfJXOyORHNA
    • According to Boko Haram, western education is prohibited and against the teachings of Islam  Targeting schools has become a Boko Haram trademark  Thousands of parents have taken their children out of Nigerian schools with western ideals  Even though Boko Haram is against western beliefs, they have not until recently, expressed interest in attacking the United-States and Israel 
    • September 29th 2013, Boko Haram opened fire on a college dormitory in the Yobe state in the town of Gujba.  This attack resulted in the death of 40 students  They were fully armed with sophisticated rifles and improvised explosives  In may, due to the recent violence, the president of Nigeria Goodluck Johnathan imposed a state of emergency in many northern states  This attack and other recent violence have led many to doubt the government and militaries success against defeating the group 
    •    Boko Haram and Al Shabab were the most violent armed groups in Africa in 2012 Due to government and military intervention the number of Boko Haram supporters has been greatly reduced “The US governments bounty for Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau stands at $7 million, to put this in perspective, it’s $2 million more than what’s offered for the Afghan Taliban’s top man”
    •        http://www.xtome.org/docs/groups/bokoharam/SR308.pdf www.nctc.gov/site/groups/boko_haram.html www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2013/09/201397 155225146644.html news.yahoo.com/nigeria-boko-haram-gunmenopen-fire-college-100741309.html world.time.com/2013/09/30/four-things-youneed-to-know-about-nigerias-boko-haram/ www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world news.naij.com