CLOUD COMPUTING FOR U.S. GOVERNMENT PROFESSIONALS CLOUD BASICS CHAPTER 7 JOURNEY TO THE PRIVATE CLOUDhttp://www.microsoft.com/govcloud
PRIVATE CLOUD: CLOUD BASICS: CHAPTER SEVEN MICROSOFT U.S. GOVERNMENTGREAT BENEFITSON YOUR TERMSCloud computing offers attractive economies of scale, provides on-demand 02-007services just in time, gives you an infrastructure that supports telework andcontinuity of operations (COOP) plans, and helps green up your data center. Evenso, questions about security and privacy keep some public sector organizationsfrom realizing the benefits of this computing model. To harness the power of thecloud on your terms, consider the private cloud. 2
CHOICES IN The ABCs of the cloudTHE CLOUD: A IS FOR… Access. In the cloud, workers have access toGOING PRIVATE applications, such as email and shared work- spaces, from virtually anywhere on almost any device, helping you meet COOP and telework requirements.If you think of cloud computing only as services you share with strangers, Agility. Cloud technology empowers your IThosted in somebody else’s data center, think again. With a private cloud— team to respond quickly to changing needs and to provide computing scale and efficiencya cloud computing infrastructure dedicated to your organization—you can whenever you need it.have the cloud on your terms. B IS FOR…The cloud offers pay-as-you-go services, such as software, infrastructure, or Business model. By obtaining services in theplatform resources, and enables you to rapidly and cost-effectively provision cloud, you can replace capital expenditures withjust what you need. You simply sign up for a service. In a public cloud, software more predictable monthly service fees.and services are hosted in a data center shared by many subscribers and oper- Budget. Cloud models can help you reduceated by a commercial entity. capital and operational expenses associated with equipping and managing data centersLike public clouds, private clouds pool resources to provide self-service access to serve peak capacity periods. A public cloudto applications, elasticity that accommodates peaks and valleys in demand, offloads operational maintenance of the services,and cost-saving economies of scale. However, private clouds also provide: and a private cloud automates management. Either way, your administrative overhead can• DEDICATED RESOURCES. A private cloud delivers cloud services on be reduced. resources dedicated to you, either on-premises, such as within your own data center, or in a partner’s hosting facility. C IS FOR… Consistency. Cloud infrastructures provide• CONTROL AND CUSTOMIZATION. Dedicated resources offer you more a unified platform that can replace mixed IT control over the level of security, privacy, customization, and governance environments and legacy systems, which often operate as inefficient data silos. of your software and services than does a public cloud. Control. IT gets end-to-end management• A ROAD MAP TO DATA CENTER EFFICIENCY. A private cloud can help across physical and virtual, on-premises and launch your organization’s journey to the cloud. Private cloud architectures off-premises cloud environments, and into can guide you to more cost-effective data center operations using your the applications—all from a central command existing investments in people and equipment. interface.
WHEN IS A PRIVATE CLOUD BASICS: CHAPTER SEVEN MICROSOFT U.S. GOVERNMENTCLOUD FOR YOU?YOU NEED DATA SOVEREIGNTY BUT WANT CLOUD EFFICIENCIES. Some federalregulations require that certain types of data be hosted within government-operated infra-structures. For example, the Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) private cloud offerscomputing resources to defense organizations but operates solely on the Department of 02-007Defense internal network.YOU WANT CONSISTENCY ACROSS SERVICES. A private cloud hosted by a thirdparty can deliver a consistent service level agreement (SLA) that helps you meet your users’requirements across the organization. Private clouds offer benefits that traditional datacenters can’t match, including, for example, the capacity for live migration across a rangeof servers.YOU HAVE MORE SERVER CAPACITY THAN YOUR ORGANIZATION CAN USE.By pooling infrastructure resources, you can optimize your existing server capacity. Forexample, if you have Windows Server 2008 R2, you can use the built-in Hyper-V technologyto take advantage of the cost savings of virtualization. Pooled resources are easier and morecost-effective to manage than individual machines spread across an organization.YOUR DATA CENTER MUST BECOME MORE EFFICIENT. The more you can consolidateyour operating systems, physical and virtual environments, and server management tools, themore your operations become like a private cloud and the greater the efficiencies. A Microsoftvirtualization solution offers a platform to do that.YOU WANT TO PROVIDE PRIVATE CLOUD SERVICES. You may be able to turn yourexisting servers into a private cloud—and possibly a revenue center. Renting storage or 4infrastructure as a service can help you recoup your private cloud investment over time.
COMPARING PRIVATE CLOUD BASICS: CHAPTER SEVEN MICROSOFT U.S. GOVERNMENTCLOUD PROVIDERSA partner can provide a private cloud to host your applications and services—a solution thatgives you a high degree of operations control, enhanced security, and data sovereignty.In comparing services, consider which key attributes are most important to you—security,management, storage, services, and support. Here are some questions to ask: 02-007• Does the vendor offer application virtualization in addition to desktop virtualization and the tools to manage everything, such as hybrid implementations that combine on-premises and cloud computing or public cloud offerings?• Can the vendor help you minimize costs by making use of your existing technology?• Does the vendor give you a road map, including architectural assistance, deployment guidance, and best practices? Look for familiar tools that are compatible with existing applications.• How flexible and extensible is a vendor’s solution? If you start with a public cloud service but later need to go private, can your vendor help? 5
JOURNEY INTO CLOUD BASICS: CHAPTER SEVEN MICROSOFT U.S. GOVERNMENTA PRIVATE CLOUDWith Cloud First and other mandates, government agencies look to the cloud to lower IT costs,help with data center consolidation efforts, support teleworkers, and deliver greener comput-ing resources. Private cloud computing can be a step forward in your journey from traditional,on-premises IT models to more cost-effective delivery mechanisms. 02-007Keep in mind that your solutions can span on-premises and cloud environments. That way, youcan preserve your current IT assets while investing for future needs. That’s what DISA did whenit built a private cloud to host Microsoft Office applications and other services. The U.S. Army isone of DISA’s tenants.1Non-public choices for enterprise IT include private cloud options, both on-premises and off. 6
GO PRIVATE, AND CLOUD BASICS: CHAPTER SEVEN MICROSOFT U.S. GOVERNMENTGET MORE EFFICIENTIf your organization requires direct control over its physical assets and operational personnel, a privatecloud on your premises may work better for you than one hosted by a partner. For example, usingvirtualization technologies, you can streamline your existing server operations and managementtoday—a step toward a private cloud and the more agile, responsive world of cloud computing. But 02-007make sure to weigh all the costs, including systems management.Here’s how to get started:1 OPTIMIZEStart optimizing your server capacity. By pooling existing resources through virtualization technologieslike Windows Server Hyper-V, you reduce server sprawl and associated costs. You also gain greater flex-ibility to deploy applications and workloads throughout your organization.2 STANDARDIZESee how many of your IT processes you can standardize. The cloud model is service oriented, andproviders must deliver a consistent SLA. As you move forward, keep refining your IT model with an eyetoward simplifying the processes you use to deliver, manage, secure, and audit services. By standardizingwherever possible within your environment, you can reach greater economies of scale.3 AUTOMATEFind ways to automate your manual processes so you can orchestrate workflows and make the bestuse of your existing resources. For example, in a private cloud, key processes like change managementand provisioning are automated. You can get help from a systems management solution. A qualifiedprovider with management tools that span on-premises and off-premises infrastructures can help you 7keep costs down.
HOW TO EASE INTOA PRIVATE CLOUDGetting into the cloud on your terms has never been easier, whether you want to go public or stay private, deploy on-premises orhost in a provider’s data center.TRY IT FOR TEST AND DEVELOPMENTOne of the best workloads to use in a private cloud environment is application development. Teams can quickly provision virtualenvironments and then easily develop and test against a predictable base state in a low-risk way. Many organizations use privateclouds for this reason, because they can respond to demand faster by rolling out applications more quickly.OFFLOAD SELECT FUNCTIONS TO A PRIVATE CLOUD PROVIDERYou can work with a trusted partner to meet your security needs within its dedicated, private cloud environment. For example,the USDA provides email, document-sharing, and other collaboration tools housed on separate, dedicated infrastructures providedby Microsoft and designed to meet its enhanced security needs.ii The State of Minnesota also uses a version of Microsoft BusinessProductivity Online Standard Suite (BPOS) to provide communication and collaboration services.GO HYBRIDLike cars with more than one power source, your infrastructure can combine models with workloads that run both on traditionalservers and in a private cloud. Lockheed Martin, the largest IT provider to the U.S. government, created a hybrid solution inThundercloud.iii It combines on-premises hosting with applications on demand. Implementers use it to build solutions that keepfederal agency data behind their firewall but that also allow access to computing, storage, and application services via the cloud.OR GO ALL IN: PRIVATE CLOUD DIYFor the do-it-yourself (DIY) crowd, Microsoft offers two private cloud options. Today you can build private cloud elements on top ofWindows Server Hyper-V and manage them using Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager Self Service Portal 2.0. Or you canobtain key communications and productivity services from Microsoft Business Productivity Online Standard Suite-Dedicated (BPOS-D). Key services in the cloud To address specific government or business requirements, Microsoft offers several versions of the integrated suite of communication and collaboration services, Business Productivity Online Services, including BPOS-Federal, BPOS-Dedicated, and BPOS-Standard, as well as our next generation of Microsoft Online Services, Office 365.
HOW MICROSOFT CLOUD BASICS: CHAPTER SEVEN MICROSOFT U.S. GOVERNMENTCAN HELPWhether you choose to create your own private cloud on-premises or have a partnerhost your private cloud, Microsoft can help. Microsoft provides a familiar and consis-tent platform across physical, virtual, private, and public cloud environments so youcan use the investments and skill sets you already have while taking advantage of the 02-007new value the cloud offers.Your agency may already have a number of the technologies you need to get started.Contact us to learn how our cloud services assessment can help you identify cloudworkloads and start planning on a private cloud.LEARN MORE: www.microsoft.com/govcloud Microsoft in the cloud Microsoft solutions for private cloud computing, built on Windows Server, Hyper-V, and System Center, are a key part of our approach to cloud computing, enabling you to build out a dedicated cloud environment to transform the way your team delivers IT services to the organization. Our extensive network of service provider partners is also available to help you move to a cloud model. Today more than 70 providers offer both private and public cloud services based on our platform. Find a partner 9 http://www.microsoft.com/virtualization/en/us/partners.aspx
FOR MORE CLOUD BASICS: CHAPTER SEVEN MICROSOFT U.S. GOVERNMENTINFORMATION• See Cloud computing for government at www.microsoft.com/govcloud.• Visit the Microsoft Office 365 website at www.microsoft.com/government/office365.• See the Online Security webpage, including the white paper Securing Microsoft’s 02-007 Cloud Infrastructure, at www.globalfoundationservices.com/security/.• Get security guidance for government at www.microsoft.com/govsecurity.• Set up a pilot program to test Microsoft Online Services in your organization at www.microsoft.com/online.• See the Business Productivity Online Standard Suite for government webpage at http://www.microsoft.com/industry/government/products/bpos/default.aspx. 10
FOOTNOTES CLOUD BASICS: CHAPTER SEVEN MICROSOFT U.S. GOVERNMENTi Kenyon, Henry. “DISA to offer storage, Office apps via its private cloud.” Private Cloud. June 17, 2010. http://www.privatecloud.com/2010/06/25/disa-to-offer-storage-office-apps-via-its-private- cloud/?fbid=lBe1rvf29oYii “USDA moves 120,000 users to Microsoft’s cloud.” Microsoft press release. December 8, 2010. http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/features/2010/dec10/12-08usda.mspx http://www.microsoft.com/casestudies/Windows-Azure/Lockheed-Martin/Lockheed-Martin- 02-007iii Merges-Cloud-Agility-with-Premises-Control-to-Meet-Customer-Needs/4000007971 11