What the geeks know
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What the geeks know

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Breaking down and simplifying What the Geeks Know by Stuart Moulthrop.

Breaking down and simplifying What the Geeks Know by Stuart Moulthrop.

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  • http://www.tagwebdesign.ca/geek.png
  • Hypertexts are not nonlinear, but multilinear (Bolter 1998)
  • Choose your own adventure
  • We are literate – in writing, speaking
  • We are literate – in writing, speaking
  • To understand reading, writing and participating, in the context of hypertext. Changing the way we process information. Archive refers to any application of hypertext. The use of computers to communicate and process information represents a new language with which educators must deal with, as with science and mathematics (Robert Logan)Some authors with an educational focus cite the following benefits to hypertext: more learner control, nonlinear access to information, and richness of examples and delivery modes to accommodate different learning styles. Utilise hypertext to
  • http://openreflections.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/awi-core-archive_hg.jpg
  • To understand reading, writing and participating, in the context of hypertext. Changing the way we process information.The epistemology (theory of knowledge) of electronic text is radically different from conventional writing.Utilise hypertext to
  • What the non-geeks don’t knowMoulthrop sees the need to examine past approaches with hypertext, as they have yet to establish legitimacy. DisappointmentWeblogs do not existThe WWW continues its global expansionRise of the blogosphere: LiveJournal, Wordpress2003- US National Endowment for the Arts released a report titled ‘Reading at Risk’ focusing on the declining interest in leisure reading of literature. In another half century, there will be no paying customers for fiction and poetry, aside from compulsory assignments in schoolroomsAmericans will be less inclined to think critically, vote, or take part in civic life.The report is confined solely to books, fiction, poetry and drama. Electronic archives, audiobooks, weblogs, USENET groups, WIKIs, or MUSs and MOOs were not included in the study.Electronic media challenges traditional print media But electronic literature is not a negation of print literature, and as Moulthrop says, it is a medium in its own right (“What the Geeks Know”).
  • What the non-geeks don’t knowMoulthrop sees the need to examine past approaches with hypertext, as they have yet to establish legitimacy. DisappointmentWeblogs do not existThe WWW continues its global expansionRise of the blogosphere: LiveJournal, Wordpress2003- US National Endowment for the Arts released a report titled ‘Reading at Risk’ focusing on the declining interest in leisure reading of literature. In another half century, there will be no paying customers for fiction and poetry, aside from compulsory assignments in schoolroomsAmericans will be less inclined to think critically, vote, or take part in civic life.The report is confined solely to books, fiction, poetry and drama. Electronic archives, audiobooks, weblogs, USENET groups, WIKIs, or MUSs and MOOs were not included in the study.
  • Usefully emphasises continuity with earlier media
  • http://askelion.tumblr.com/post/10175511965/smile-sheldon-smile
  • Explain this ignorance by saying that old and new media tends to be adversarial, innovation in communication can be problematic. The epistemology (theory of knowledge) of electronic text is radically different from conventional writing. Repetition is not a vice. There is a surfeit of text, not a scarcity – attention must be selective.
  • Moulthrop proposes the concept of a universal without totality to unify these two schools of thought, or these geeks and non-geeks, about hypertext and the archive. Very, very loosely translated, this concept roughly means a world without boundaries, without any centralised meaning, it is of disorder and transparency.
  • The old universality was totalizing. It sought closure.It sought the one truth, the one meaning. For centuries, the regime of the book imposedthe ideal of a single meaning contained in the written text, exemplified by the religiousword at the center of the major world religions. In the twentieth century, the regime ofmedia was also totalizing, as film, television, and radio sought to produce a mass, passiveaudience who were all listening to or watching the same thing.
  • Cyberspace, and increased access, will build awareness on hypertext
  • Cyberspace, and increased access, will build awareness on hypertext
  • Cyberspace, and increased access, will build awareness on hypertext
  • Cyberspace, and increased access, will build awareness on hypertext
  • Cyberspace, and increased access, will build awareness on hypertext
  • Digital theorist Professor Stuart Moulthrop will deliver a free public lecture at the State Library of Victoria on 10 October, speaking about digital humanism – looking at digital studies as a subject, and the benefits it can offer society. http://www.swinburne.edu.au/chancellery/mediacentre/media-centre/news/2011/10/stuart-moulthrop-public-lecture
  • http://www.tagwebdesign.ca/geek.png

What the geeks know What the geeks know Presentation Transcript

  • What the Geeks Know
    Hypertext and the problem of literacy
  • Hypertext:
    The electronic linking of blocks of text (Crane & Mylonas 1991, quoted in Fitzgibbons 2008)
  • Hyperfiction:
    Henry the 8th, he had six wiveshttp://www.rollyourownhypertext.com/stories/88-henry-8th--he-had-six-wives/segments/517
  • What the geeks know
  •  “[W]e are heading toward a post-typographic world; that is, one in which printed texts are no longer dominant.”
    Reinking (1998, quoted by Grisham 2001) further speculates how our literacy is shaped and limited by the technology that we possess.
  • “…we should define hypertext as the basis for a new version of general literacy.”
    Moulthrop (2005)
  • To be literate with hypertext
    Hypertext is an “archive”(Dalgaard 2001)
  • Different skill sets
    Interactive reading skills
    Text navigation skills(as identified by Barnes 1994, cited by Sinitskayan.d.)
  • Invisible developments
    “Dismaying ignorance about digital technologies…”
  • What the non-geeks don’t know
  • What the geeks know!
  • What the geeks know!
    Old and new media is adversarialInnovation is problematicElectronic text is different
  • Universal without totality:
    A world without boundaries
  • Universal WITHtotality
    Books ensured that meaning remained unchanged by interpretation or translation
  • Universal without totality:
    Cyberspace
  • Literacy is not simply the domain of print culture.
  • To redefine and reinvent literacy, based on hypertext.
  • Will not fix misunderstanding in the short term.
  • But ideas will exceed initial expectations.
  • Public lecture on Digital Humanism
    State Library of VictoriaMonday, 6.30 pm
  • What the Geeks Know
    Hypertext and the problem of literacy
  • References
    Bolter, JD 1998, 'Hypertext and the question of visual literacy', in D. Reinking, M.C. McKenna, L.D. Labbo, & R.D. Kieffer (Eds.), Handbook of Literacy and Technology: Transformations in a post-typgraphic world, pp. 3–13, Erlbaum, New Jersey.
    Dalgaard, R 2001, 'Hypertext and the scholarly archive: intertexts, paratexts, and metatexts at work', in Proceedings of the 12th ACM Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia, Aarhus, pp. 175-184.
    Fitzgibbons, M 2008, ‘Implications of Hypertext Theory for the Reading, Organization, and Retrieval of Information’, Library Philosophy and Practice, accessed 6 October 2010, < http://unllib.unl.edu/LPP/fitzgibbons.htm >.
    Grisham, D 2001, 'Making Technology Meaningful for Literacy Teaching: A WebQuest', Reading Online, accessed 6 October 2010, <http://www.readingonline.org/editorial/edit_index.asp?HREF=february2001/index.html>.
    Mason, J 2002, ‘From Gutenberg’s Galaxy to cyperspace: the transforming power of hypertext,’ University of Toronto, Toronto, accessed 6 October 2010, < https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/citd/JeanMason/context/challenge.html >.
    Moulthrop, S 2005, What the Geeks Know: Hypertext and the problem of literacy, in Proceedings of the 16th ACM conference, New York.
    Sinitskaya, N n.d., 'Hypertext Literacy', Internet Literacy, accessed 6 October 2010, <http://natalyasinitskaya.tripod.com/essay/home_files/Page391.htm>.
    Swinburne University of Technology 2011, 'Stuart Moulthrop Public Lecture', Swinburne University of Technology, accessed 6 October 2010, <http://www.swinburne.edu.au/chancellery/mediacentre/media-centre/news/2011/10/stuart-moulthrop-public-lecture>.
    Graphics
    Slide 1: Tag Web Design, <http://www.tagwebdesign.ca/geek.png>.
    Slide 3: Cardiff University, <http://www.cs.cf.ac.uk/Dave/Multimedia/hypertext.gif>.
    Slide 5: Sergio Cicconi, <http://www.cisenet.com/?p=5>
    Slide 6: Coding Horror, <http://codinghorror.typepad.com/.a/6a0120a85dcdae970b0120a86db856970b-pi>.
    Slide 11: Open Reflections, <http://openreflections.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/awi-core-archive_hg.jpg>.
    Slide 17: Tumblr, <http://askelion.tumblr.com/post/10175511965/smile-sheldon-smile>.
    Slide 26: GetLamp, <http://www.getlamp.com/cast/20061026moulthrop/.best>.