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U2 L4 grammar
 

U2 L4 grammar

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present perfect passive

present perfect passive
grammar unit 2 lesson 4

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    U2 L4 grammar U2 L4 grammar Presentation Transcript

    • Unit:2 Lesson: 4Grammar
    • When do we use passive?
      When we don’t know who does the thing.
      OR
      When the persons who do it are not important.
      OR
      When we don’t want to say who does it.
      this presentation was prepared by Mrs. Kholood Yossof Torjoman
    • Present and past passive
      Dates are grown in Saudi Arabia.
      Rule: ( O + is/are + p.p/v3)
      We use the present with facts and when the time in sentence is in present.
      Spain and Portugal were ruled by Muslims.
      Rule: ( O + was/were + p.p/v3)
      when the time in sentence is in past.
      this presentation was prepared by Mrs. Kholood Yossof Torjoman
    • this presentation was prepared by Mrs. Kholood Yossof Torjoman
      What is present perfect?
      Present perfect is something started in the past and
      its effect Continue to exist in present time
      Now
      Past
      For example:
      King Abdul Aziz hasunified Saudi Arabia
    • When do we use present perfect?
      The time is unknown (you don’t know the time ORyou don’t say when it happened).
      • We use the p.p (v3) with present perfect.
      Examples:
      Satellites have linked the Kingdom with the world.
      Electronic mail has connected Egypt, Qatar and U.S.A.
      this presentation was prepared by Mrs. Kholood Yossof Torjoman
    • this presentation was prepared by Mrs. Kholood Yossof Torjoman
      Satellites havelinked the Kingdom with the world.
      Present perfect form:
      S+ have/has+ past participle(V3) + object.
      The Kingdom hasbeenlinked with the world.
      Present perfect passive form:
      Object + has/have+ been + past participle(V3).
    • Time to practice
      this presentation was prepared by Mrs. Kholood Yossof Torjoman
    • Change into passive:
      This service has linked Saudi Arabia to the United States.
      The cat has drunk the milk.
      My friend has grown a tree in the school garden.
      We have built a new house.
      My sister has cooked food.
      Eiad has broken the glass.
      Electronic mail has connected Egypt, Qatar and U.S.A.
      this presentation was prepared by Mrs. Kholood Yossof Torjoman
    • (present perfect Passive):
      • Saudi Arabia has been linked by this service to the United States.
      • The milk has been drunk.
      • A tree has been grown.
      • A new house has been built.
      • Food has been cooked.
      • The glass has been broken.
      • Egypt, Qatar and U.S.Ahave been connected by electronic mail.
      this presentation was prepared by Mrs. Kholood Yossof Torjoman
    • Present and past passive
      Dates are grown in Saudi Arabia.
      Rule: ( O + is/are + p.p/v3)
      We use the present with facts and when the time in sentence is in present.
      Spain and Portugal were ruled by Muslims.
      Rule: ( O + was/were + p.p/v3)
      when the time in sentence is in past.
      this presentation was prepared by Mrs. Kholood Yossof Torjoman
    • this presentation was prepared by Mrs. Kholood Yossof Torjoman
      What is present perfect?
      Present perfect is something started in the past and
      its effect Continue to exist in present time
      Now
      Past
      For example:
      King Abdul Aziz hasunified Saudi Arabia
    • When do we use present perfect?
      The time is unknown (you don’t know the time or you don’t say when it happened).
      • We use the p.p (v3) with present perfect.
      Examples:
      Satellites have linked the Kingdom with world.
      Trains have linked Riyadh to the east coast.
      this presentation was prepared by Mrs. Kholood Yossof Torjoman
    • this presentation was prepared by Mrs. Kholood Yossof Torjoman
      Satellites havelinked the Kingdom with the world.
      Present perfect form:
      S+ have/has+ past participle(V3) + object.
      The Kingdom hasbeenlinked with the world.
      Present perfect passive form:
      Object + has/have+ been + past participle(V3).
    • Time to say goodbye
      this presentation was prepared by Mrs. Kholood Yossof Torjoman
      See you next class