1. urban economics and its scope


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1. urban economics and its scope

  1. 1. Urban Economics
  2. 2. Economy Urban Area Rural Area The study of the Urban part of the economy is known as Urban Economics The study of the Rural part of the economy is known as Rural Economics
  3. 3. Citizens Villagers • More Educated • Less Educated • More Civic Sense • No Civic Sense • Awareness about their rights • Don’t know about their rights • White color jobs (Services in offices and Industries) • Main occupation is agriculture (bee-keeping, farming, livestock, fisheriesetc) • Basic Facilities of Life are available (Health, Education, Electricity, Gas, entertainment) • Lack basic amenities of life (Hospital, Universities, entertainment etc) Comparison of Urban and Rural Area
  4. 4. Objectives of the Course: • This course will enhance your analytical skill. Studying cities and their problems microscopically will sharpen your analytical skill. • Developing methodologies to overcome the problems associated with urban localities. • Learning how better to manage the problems of cities to make them better places to live and make them centers of economic and business activities. • To plan for the future settlement pattern in cities to avoid these problems faced by existing cities to control the budgetary expenditures of the city district government. • To enhance urban life safety, health and enhance urban welfare to make urban economy more develop.
  5. 5. What is Urban economics? • Urban Economics is a branch of microeconomics that studies urban spatial structure and the locational choices of households and firms. • Urban Economics is concerned with the geographical arrangement of household and firms in the urban areas. • Urban Economics is the study of the locational choices of firms and households, and the consequences of these choices on the life of the inhabitans of that area and government expenditures.
  6. 6. Continued....... • Urban economics examines the question of where of economic activity: 1) Households choose where to live and where to work 2) Firms choose where to locate its factory, office or store.
  7. 7. SCOPE OF URBAN ECONOMICS? Part I: Location Choices • Chapter 1: Introduction to City • What is City • What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Cities • Types of Cities • Structures of Cities
  8. 8. • Chapter 2: Factors of industrial Location • Economic Factors • Market Factors • Non-Economic Factors • Chapter 3: Urbanization and Urban Sprawl • What is Urbanization (Migration) • What are the Causes of Migration • What is Urban Sprawl • What are the Causes Urban Sprawl • How to Control Urban Sprawl
  9. 9. • Chapter 4: Urban Poverty and Unemployment. • What are the causes of Poverty and Unemployment in Urban Area, what are its consequences and how to remove it. • Chapter 5: Urban Crime. • What is Crime, types of urban crimes, causes of urban crime, remedial measures to overcome it. Part II- Consequences of Urbanization:
  10. 10. • Chapter 6: Urban Traffic Congestion • What is Traffice Congestion, what are its causes, negative impacts on business and people, how to manage it. • Chapter 7: Urban Environmental Pollution • Types of Urban Environmental Pollution, main causes of environmental pollution, consequences of environmental pollution. • Chapter 8: Urban Housing and Land Problems • What are the causes of increasing rents of the residential houses in urban area. • Why are the prices of land increasing in the urban area.
  11. 11. • Chapter 9: Urban Education • Causes of Low Literacy rate • Consequences of low literacy rate. • Remedial Measures. • Chapter 10: Urban Public Finance • What are the major sources of Revenue of a City District Governmentt. • What are the main heads of expenditure of City District Government.