Urban Area Rural Area
The study of the
Urban part of the
economy is known
The study of the
Rural part of the
economy is known
• More Educated • Less Educated
• More Civic Sense • No Civic Sense
• Awareness about their rights • Don’t know about their rights
• White color jobs
(Services in offices and Industries)
• Main occupation is agriculture
(bee-keeping, farming, livestock,
• Basic Facilities of Life are available
(Health, Education, Electricity, Gas,
• Lack basic amenities of life
Comparison of Urban and Rural Area
Objectives of the Course:
• This course will enhance your analytical skill. Studying
cities and their problems microscopically will sharpen your
• Developing methodologies to overcome the problems
associated with urban localities.
• Learning how better to manage the problems of cities to
make them better places to live and make them centers of
economic and business activities.
• To plan for the future settlement pattern in cities to avoid
these problems faced by existing cities to control the
budgetary expenditures of the city district government.
• To enhance urban life safety, health and enhance urban
welfare to make urban economy more develop.
What is Urban economics?
• Urban Economics is a branch of microeconomics that
studies urban spatial structure and the locational choices
of households and firms.
• Urban Economics is concerned with the geographical
arrangement of household and firms in the urban areas.
• Urban Economics is the study of the locational choices
of firms and households, and the consequences of these
choices on the life of the inhabitans of that area and
• Urban economics examines the question of where
of economic activity:
1) Households choose where to live and where to
2) Firms choose where to locate its factory,
office or store.
SCOPE OF URBAN ECONOMICS?
Part I: Location Choices
• Chapter 1: Introduction to City
• What is City
• What are the Advantages and Disadvantages
• Types of Cities
• Structures of Cities
• Chapter 2: Factors of industrial Location
• Economic Factors
• Market Factors
• Non-Economic Factors
• Chapter 3: Urbanization and Urban Sprawl
• What is Urbanization (Migration)
• What are the Causes of Migration
• What is Urban Sprawl
• What are the Causes Urban Sprawl
• How to Control Urban Sprawl
• Chapter 4: Urban Poverty and Unemployment.
• What are the causes of Poverty and
Unemployment in Urban Area, what are its
consequences and how to remove it.
• Chapter 5: Urban Crime.
• What is Crime, types of urban crimes, causes
of urban crime, remedial measures to
Part II- Consequences of Urbanization:
• Chapter 6: Urban Traffic Congestion
• What is Traffice Congestion, what are its causes,
negative impacts on business and people, how
to manage it.
• Chapter 7: Urban Environmental Pollution
• Types of Urban Environmental Pollution,
main causes of environmental pollution,
consequences of environmental pollution.
• Chapter 8: Urban Housing and Land Problems
• What are the causes of increasing rents of the
residential houses in urban area.
• Why are the prices of land increasing in the
• Chapter 9: Urban Education
• Causes of Low Literacy rate
• Consequences of low literacy rate.
• Remedial Measures.
• Chapter 10: Urban Public Finance
• What are the major sources of Revenue of a
City District Governmentt.
• What are the main heads of expenditure of
City District Government.