Livelihood improvment through degraded forest management nepal koirala_pashupati

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A case of forest management for degraded land rejuvenation of the land..for better livelihood improvement of the poorest people

A case of forest management for degraded land rejuvenation of the land..for better livelihood improvement of the poorest people

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  • 1. Livelihood improvement throughdegraded forest management6/7/2013 1Pashupati Nath KoiralaDepartment of Forests, Nepal
  • 2. Learning/AchievementsNepal, KathmanduMarch 23, 20126/7/2013 2
  • 3. briefly• Introduction• What is leasehold forestry?• Programme intervention• Results Impact for povertyreduction6/7/2013 3
  • 4. 6/7/2013 4Case locationon mapSites and beneficiaries
  • 5. • Altitude varies from 1400 to 1500 m• Total househols: 227– Magar : 197– Kami (Dalit): 8– Thakuri: 22• Group formed: 19• One ha land /per Household6/7/2013 5
  • 6. Leasehold Forestry• A category of the national forest• The forestland is leased to poor people groups• The group gets an endowment for access rights witha 40-year period• District Forest Officer approves a plan formanagement• The group is assigned legal rights for management ofthe forest and group6/7/2013 6
  • 7. GoalA sustained reduction in the poverty of the poor HHs allocatingleasehold forestry plots through increased production of forestproducts and livestock.6/7/2013 7
  • 8. Programme interventionProject activities launched in April20106/7/2013 8Implementationmodality
  • 9. Forest landfor leaseGroup ( members 5to 15 households)Technical support byhub officeGovernment of Nepal(authorized to DFO)6/7/2013 9
  • 10. Institutional Set upConstitution PreparationBy Group membersSupport by DFO/TA to hubtechniciansGroup / Executive committee formationMinimum 5 HH Maximum 15 HHPotential participants/member identificationLand holding < 0.5 ha/household6/7/2013 10
  • 11. 6/7/2013 11PrimarystakeholderinteractionSite PlanningShrubclearanceAlignment ofcontour linealong slopePlantingforage/fodder/NTFPPlantsIntercropplantingbetween twocontour lineMaintenanceand tendingoperation
  • 12. Resource Inputs2 goats/perHH Rs5000.00A buck/per 10HH Rs 7000.00Forageseeds/slips/foddersaplings/NTFPssaplings/HorticultureseedlingsVegetable seedspacketResource Pooling: soil erosioncontrol/schoolmaintenance/drinking watersupport/irrigation channelmaintenance6/7/2013 12
  • 13. ForestryGroupformationCapacityDevelopmentLandpreparationForage and forestspecies plantationLivestockGoat and pigfarming supportGoat Resource centerdevelopmentAnimal health service6/7/2013 13
  • 14. PlanningCoordinationResourcepooling6/7/2013 14
  • 15. 6/7/2013 15Thysanolaena maxima
  • 16. 6/7/2013 16
  • 17. 6/7/2013 17
  • 18. 6/7/2013 18
  • 19. Conclusion• The entitlement received from the government hasempowered the people to manage the forest fromshifting cultivation mode to productive land.• The intervention with all components of livelihoodassets is necessary to make people self reliant on aregular income sources.6/7/2013 19
  • 20. Conclusion• Interacting between livestock and forestry inrural set up could enhance their livelihoodwith diversified practice with a little effort butshould be continue with professional idea.• It needs a regular service feedback and marketlinkages for further enterprise development oftheir efforts.6/7/2013 20
  • 21. Recommendations• The success cycle and story could be replicateinto other shifting cultivated land and similarcharacterized social set up in the country.• Already started by a project Green ForestryProgramme (US funded) but needsmainstreaming by all projects6/7/2013 21
  • 22. Acknowledgements for wholoved the poorest people6/7/2013 22
  • 23. 6/7/2013 23