.UA ccTLD Overview - ENOG1

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First ENOG meeting - Moscow, June 2011

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.UA ccTLD Overview - ENOG1

  1. 1. .UA ccTLD overviewENOG6-8 June 2011
  2. 2. .UA Domain Facts• December 1992 – tld .UA created in IANAdatabase (Igor Sviridov)• Admin-contact: Dmitry Kohmanyuk since 1995• Since 2001 .UA is operated by Hostmaster Ltd.• 2001 – new policy of .UA domain adopted• 2009 – a member of RIPE NCC• June 2010 – half a million domain namesregistered• Oct 2010 – IDN started.• 2011 - IPv6
  3. 3. .UA name space structure• - 2LD public domains for geographicalregions: kiev.ua lviv.ua odessa.ua …(total 48)• 2LD public domains for target community:com.ua gov.ua net.ua edu.ua org.uain.ua dominic.ua• Private domains - brand.ua• Reserved/special domains (www, ns,whois)
  4. 4. Public domainsCommunity of the Dominican friarsDOMINIC.UADomain for individualsIN.UAOther organizations (non-commercial)ORG.UAEducational organizationsEDU.UANetwork service providersNET.UAGovernmentGOV.UACommercialCOM.UAFor administrative districts of UkraineGeographical
  5. 5. Private domains (.UA DomainPolicy)• “For the purpose of protection of legitimateinterests of the Ukrainian Internet-communitymembers with regard to their intellectualproperty, private second-level domain names inthe .UA domain are delegated exclusively incase if the spelling of the corresponding fulldomain name or its second-level component(before the “.” character but not including it)coincides with the Trademark, with regard towhich the corresponding registrant has the rightsof use on the territory of Ukraine.”
  6. 6. Domain Name Count(totally at 2 and 3 levels)010000020000030000040000050000060000029.8534579201023.9483601200916.4390197200838.6335073200742.5241666200626.7169644200522.5133907200420.51093152003-906902002Growth(%)CountYear
  7. 7. Private domains .UA020004000600080001000012000CountYear106702010853020096854200849712007323820062096200514292004949200355020021152001
  8. 8. .com.ua domain• Registry-Registrar model• 180+ registrars• 200 000 domains registered (Nov 2010)• 40 000 growth (in year 2010)• 70-80% renewals rate
  9. 9. .com.ua domainRegistration rules• First come, first served• No limits on number of domains• No check• No local presence required• Registration for 1…10 years• Automation, RRP, email, web• IDN allowed since Oct 2010• Ipv6 since May 2011
  10. 10. COM.UA domains(annual domains quantity)050000100000150000200000250000200149201016112220091383532008948002007621862006424892005311532004220192003161902002222842001countYear
  11. 11. IDN launch (Oct 2010)• Script Cyrillic (Ukrainian, Russian, Byelorussion)• Stages:sunrise (trademarks only) 19 Oct …17 Novlandrush (registration for 10 years) - 19 Nov …19 Dec 2010landrush (2) - 21 Dec 2010• Results• 6 June 2011 – more 12 000 domains
  12. 12. IDN launch (2)
  13. 13. Technical overview (DNS)• 100% avaivability• 8 global nodes (ipv4, ipv6)• Own anycast cloud since 2002 (in 2010 –ipv6)• CommunityDNS node• L-root node (installed in Dec 2010), twomore pending
  14. 14. Technical overview(registration system)• Thick registry model (all domain andcontact details are stored at centrallocation)• Database systems: Postgres, Oracle(Unix)• High availability and reliability by load-balanced architecture• Daily backup
  15. 15. Technological changed to come• EPP implementation• IPv6 at user level• DNSSEC• Unification of rules and procedures in 2lddomains
  16. 16. www.hostmaster.uawww6.hostmaster.uaWhois.uainfo@hostmaster.ua

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