LTR: Open Source Public Workstations Presentation Transcript
October 8, 2009
Reading Room, New York Public Library Reading Room, Bibliotecha Alexandrina
denoting software for which the original source code is made freely available and may be redistributed with or without modification.
there was Collaboration.
Which yielded many things, including the Internet,
But not open source. That came later.
Eric Raymond +
“ There is a community, a shared culture, of expert programmers and networking wizards that traces its history back through decades to the first time-sharing minicomputers and the earliest ARPAnet experiments. The members of this culture originated the term ‘hacker’. Hackers built the Internet. Hackers made the Unix operating system what it is today. Hackers run Usenet. Hackers make the World Wide Web work. If you are part of this culture, if you have contributed to it and other people in it know who you are and call you a hacker, you're a hacker.”
“ computer software is an increasingly critical factor in the world economy and in the strategic calculations of businesses”
Open Source Operating System
Many varieties, customizable
Ubuntu Linux most popular for desktop OS
Similar to Linux
Usually used for server applications
Not commonly used on desktops
Application processing done by server
Terminals used for user display and input
Reduces power consumption
Not suitable for video
Open source alternative to Microsoft Office
Includes word processing, spreadsheet, and presentation software
Help and support available
Open-source internet browser
Open source multimedia player
Can be used on Windows, Mac OS/X, and Linux
Allows users to run Windows applications under Linux
Not all applications are compatible
Case Studies in Depth: Crawford County Federated Library System and Howard County Library
Detailed project plans
In-house technical support
Technical support personnel should be familiar with open source applications
Employees have a clear sense the benefits of open source software
Provide leading edge services to patrons
Encourage risk taking
Provide tech support
Use project management software
More reliable than Windows
Saved $35,000 by not upgrading to Windows XP
Positive user feedback
Not enough word processing workstations
Not enough resources to keep it up-to-date
Howard County signed with Open Sense Solutions in 2005.
Loaded OpenOffice.org, Firefox, MPlayer, RealPlayer, Adobe Reader, and a large game selection on all public-access computers.
Implemented longer session times.
Connects all seven branches
Efficiently utilizes funding
Owning something that adds to library infrastructure rather than leasing from a vendor
Some websites don’t work with Firefox
Difficulties printing with Linux
Added the Opera and Mozilla browsers to its primary browser, Firefox. Also, CCFLS continues to maintain one public access computer that has Windows.
Began using Foomatic, an open source project that simplifies printing for Linux.
Goals (2005) 1. Reduce the maintenance load for the public-access workstations. 2. Reduce the cost of public Internet access while increasing its availability.
Reduced maintenance load for individual public-access workstations.
Lowered cost of providing public Internet access to more users.
No software security issues
Goals (late 2003): 1. Create low-maintenance kiosks in the Student Union. 2. Avoid Windows security issues.
Expanded from 5 LTSP terminals to 22 terminals
Terminals are located in the Student Union, Campus Health, Campus Recreation, and the School of Pharmacy
LTSP is easy to manage.
Low cost terminal software fits within UNC budget.
LTSP increases security.
Open source software can provide libraries with cost-effective alternatives to proprietary software.