Bipolar disorder is a lifelong that can affect how you feel and how you act. It is a mood disorder that is thought to be caused by chemical imbalances of the brain that can result in extreme swings in moods- from manic highs to depressive lows
To be diagnosed with bipolar disorder you must have experienced a high period (mania). Bipolar mania is described as an “extreme high,” or feeling unusually great. Most people with bipolar disorder, when ill or symptomatic, experience more lows than highs. These lows are known as bipolar depression. The good news is that there are clinically proven bipolar disorder treatment options that a doctor can prescribe for you.
Outbursts of anger and Feelings of rage worthlessness Irritability Trouble concentrating Rapid changes in mood Thoughts of death or Depression suicide Decreased interest in Fatigue previously pleasurable Anxiety activities Change or problem in appetite, weight, or sleep
BIPOLAR I BIPOLAR II The diagnosis of bipolar I Bipolar II is diagnosed if the disorder requires that the person has experienced at individual has at least one least one episode of major manic episode but does not depression and at least one require a history of major episode of hypomania (a depression milder form of mania)
Medications forBipolar DisorderMedications that are thoughtto be particularly effective intreating manic and mixed Olanzapine (Zyprexa)symptoms belong to a group ofmedications called neuroleptics Risperidone (Risperdal) Quetiapine (Seroquel) Ziprasidone (Geodon) Aripiprazole (Abilify) Paliperidone (Invega) Aseapine (Saphris) Iloperidone (Fenapt)
Medications forBipolar DisorderMood stabilizer medicationscan be useful in treating active(acute) symptoms of manic or Lithium (Lithobid)mixed episodes, as well aspreventing the return of some Divalproex (Depakote)symptoms. They take longerthan the neuroleptics to work Carbamazepine (Tegretol,and may require monitoring ofblood levels and some can be Tegretol XR, Equetro, Carbatol)associated with birth defectswhen taken by pregnantwomen. Lamotrigine (Lamictal)
Medications forBipolar DisorderAntidepressant medicationsare the primary medicaltreatment for the depressive Fluoxetine (Prozac)symptoms of bipolar disorder.Antidepressant medication Sertraline (Zoloft)remains a mainstay oftreatment for the depression of Paroxeline (Paxil)bipolar disorder, theprescribing physician will Citalopram (Celexa)remain watchful since there issome concern thatantidepressants can include a Escitalopram (Lexapro)manic or near manic(hypomanic) episode or rapid Venlafaxine (Effexor)mood cycling. Duloxetine (Cymbalta) Desvenlafaxine (Pristiq)
Affects up to 4 million people in No one test definitively indicates the US and is 5th leading cause that someone has bipolar of disability worldwide disorder Suicide rate is 60 times higher Treatment with medications than the general public tends to relieve already existing Was made formal by Emil symptoms of mania or Kraeplin more than 100 years depression and prevent ago, but symptoms were first symptoms from returning described as long ago as 200 Talk therapy (psychotherapy) is A.D. an important part of helping It is not directly passed from one individuals with bipolar disorder generation to another achieve the highest level of Symptoms in women tend to functioning possible include more depression and Pregnant and nursing women anxiety as well as a rapid cycling have health care professionals pattern compared to men take great care to balance the need to maintain a stable mood and behavior
Craig, Dr. David. Bipolar Disorder Research at TGEN. 11 October 2011. 20 September 2012. <www.tgen.bipolar/?gelid>.MD, Jeffrey Stovall. Bipolar Disorder in Adults. 11 October 2011. 23 September 2012. <www.bipolar-in-adults-epidemiology-and-diagnosis>.Smith. Bipolar Disorder, Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment. December 2011. 15 September 2012. <www.Helpguide.org/mental/bipolar_disorder_symptoms_treatment.htm.>.
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