Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
HBM Internal Organisations CMD
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

HBM Internal Organisations CMD

1,177

Published on

Published in: Education, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,177
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
43
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Internal Organisations Higher/Int 2 Business Management 2009-2010
  • 2. Organisation?
    • Relationships between people form the structure
    • A name which gives a corporate identity
    • Resources are organised to achieve objectives
  • 3. Importance?
    • Defines how the organisation operates
    • Role(s) of individuals & authority
    • Relationships between people
    • Channels activities towards the goals
    • Best use of scarce resources
  • 4. Large Business
    • Impossible for one person to make all the decisions
    • Put people in charge of their expert areas eg accountant for finance
    Who makes which decisions? Who is responsible for what?
  • 5. Grouping of Activities There are lots of options available!
  • 6. Functional Grouping
    • Activities are grouped into departments based on similar skills, expertise and resources used:
      • Marketing
      • Operations
      • Human Resources
      • R&D
      • Administration
    • Size depends on importance to organisation eg 1 or 2 customers = smaller marketing dept
  • 7. Functional Grouping
    • Advantages
    • No duplication of resources
    • Become experts in field
    • Career paths developed
    • Communication and cooperation
    • Teamworking
    • Decision-making improved
    • Disadvantages
    • Loyalty to department vs organisation
    • Communication barriers
    • Slow to respond to change
    • Decision-making time consuming
    • One problem vs >1 department
  • 8. Product/Service Grouping
    • Grouped around product or service offered
    • Each product requires specialist knowledge and expertise
  • 9. Product/Service Grouping
    • Advantages
    • Self-contained units
    • Expertise develops
    • Which parts are doing well?
    • Quicker response to external changes
    • Disadvantages
    • Duplication of resources
    • Difficult to share research or equipment
    • In competition with other divisions
  • 10. Customer Grouping
    • Putting the needs of customers first
    • eg suppliers for oil companies create teams which work closely with the oil companies in their offices and on the platforms
  • 11. Customer Grouping
    • Advantages
    • Price/promotion suit customer
    • Customer loyalty develops
    • Quick response to changing needs
    • Disadvantages
    • Expensive – staff costs
    • New group for new customer eg ecommerce
    • Duplication of resources
  • 12. Place/Territory Grouping
    • Organised by geographical region
    • eg North-East Scotland and Midlands group
    Needs of customer in that area
  • 13. Place/Territory Grouping
    • Advantages
    • Local offices = local knowledge
    • Language and cultural differences
    • Accountable for success/failure in area
    • Customer loyalty
    • Responsive to customer needs
    • Disadvantages
    • Administration is time consuming
    • Staff change = loss of personal contact
    • Duplication …
  • 14. Technology Grouping
    • Grouped around the technical requirements of the product
    • eg car manufacturers – workers in the paint area need to focus on the high skill to ensure defects in finish are kept to a minimum
    • They do not need to learn other skills – easier to train more staff
  • 15.
    • Advantages
    • Increased sophistication in production process
    • Problems with technology easily identified
    • Disadvantages
    • Specialist training required
    • Industries tend to be capital-expensive - expense
    Technology Grouping
  • 16. Line/Staff Grouping
    • Dividing the organisation into
    • line departments (generating revenue)
    • and
    • staff departments (providing specialist support for the whole organisation eg Finance and Human Resources)
  • 17. Combinations of Groupings
    • A business may use more than one type of grouping to organise its business
    • eg geographically and then functionally
  • 18. Types of Organisation Structures
    • Hierarchical – Traditional tall pyramid structure
    • Flat – Pyramid with few management levels
    • Entrepreneurial – decisions made by a few people at the core
    • Matrix – used for project work
    • Decentralised – control and decision-making delegated
    • Centralised – control and decision-making lies with senior management
  • 19. Types of Organisation Structures
    • Task:
    • Research the different structures available and prepare a display to illustrate the key ideas of each structure.
  • 20.
    • Organisation Charts
    • Choosing Formal Structure
    • Relationshi Definitions
    • Changes in Structure
    • Empowerment
    • Corporate Culture
  • 21. Congratulations
    • You have completed
    • Internal Organisations
    • in
    • Higher/Int 2
    • Business Management
  • 22.  

×