Brainstorm – what are the differences between a leader and a manager? Leader Manager V
‘ Leadership is practised not so much in words as in attitude and actions’ Harold Green, CEO ‘’ A leader shapes and shares a vision, which gives point to the work of others’ Charles Handy, 1932, Management Thinker ‘ The leader’s job is to help everyone see that the platform is burning, whether the flames are apparent or not.’ Larry Bossidy, 1935, CEO of Allied Signal Corporation ‘ Management brings order and consistency……………….. Leadership is about coping with change. Kotter, 1977, Management Theorist
They cover a range of disciplines which include:
Ability to lead a group is something you are born with Trait Theory What criticisms can you make against trait theory? You should be selected and can’t be trained Personal characteristics needed What personal characteristics do you are necessary to be an effective leader?
Claims what leaders do is important and not their personal characteristics – success can be learned
How objectives are achieved is key – task orientation
How to maintain good working relationships – people orientation is also seen as important to success
People orientated Task orientated Most leaders will carry out a range of both
Autocratic Style Define tasks, allocate tasks and supervise tasks – employee involvement or discussion from employees is not sought. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this leadership style.
Democratic Style Leader sets objectives but leaves employees to decide how to best achieve the objectives. Communication between employee and leader is frequent. At the most extreme this is called l aissez-faire . Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this leadership style.
What did the Lippitt and White study prove?
Seeks to take more variables into the equation
The most suitable leadership style will depend on the circumstances
Most successful leaders can adapt
We look at 5 versions of Contingency Theory
The Leader The Task Structure Position Fiedler’s Contingency Model 3 factors determine the nature of a situation. Whether to use a people or a task orientated style would depend on these 3 factors.
The Leader The Subordinate The Task The Environment The ‘best fit’ approach - Handy Handy states leaders must consider 4 factors when deciding on a suitable style.
Critique this model? Hersey and Blanchard’s Situational Approach Leadership style should differ depending on the situation and maturity of employees (job and psychological). They defined 4 styles of leadership – telling, selling, participative and delegative.
John Adair – Action- centered leadership
In Effective Leadership in (1983) he describes the role of a leader as having 3 elements.
Achieve a task
Build the team
Six Dimensions of Leadership – Andrew Brown (1999)
Claims there a 6 dimensions of leadership which all leaders should use depending on the circumstances:
high self esteem immortalists
Overall Contingency Theory suggests the most appropriate leadership style will depend on factors such as: