Published on

Published in: Design
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. Causes of crime
  2. 2. Causes of crime <ul><li>‘ tackling crime and the causes of crime’ Tony Blair 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>There is more talk about a growing underclass who have turned to crime as their way of life </li></ul><ul><li>As a result New labour have introduced ‘social inclusion policies’ to try to turn the situation around </li></ul>
  3. 3. Causes of crime: <ul><li>break into 4 main reasons, social exclusion, drugs and alcohol, gender and greed </li></ul>
  4. 4. Social exclusion <ul><li>There are no doubts between the connection between socially excluded groups and crime. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Social Exclusion: the causes; <ul><li>Long term unemployment: this causes poverty but also a lack of confidence and self esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Long term unemployment can lead to debt, a poor diet and poor physical health </li></ul>
  6. 6. Social Exclusion: the causes; <ul><li>Lack of education: education is the key to prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>Homelessness: work is the way out of poverty, it is difficult to get a job if you do not have an address </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore social exclusion can led to crime </li></ul>
  7. 7. Bad Parenting <ul><li>Socially excluded parents tend to produce socially excluded children and vice versa </li></ul><ul><li>Estelle Morris stated that bad parenting causes crime and ‘Creates a cycle of disrespect’ BBC </li></ul>
  8. 8. Peer pressure and Gang Culture <ul><li>Social exclusion also leads to a feeling of alienation from society </li></ul><ul><li>young people in particular young males from impoverished backgrounds can end up involved in crime due to this. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Peer pressure and Gang Culture <ul><li>Gang culture is a way of feeling part of something and sense of status </li></ul><ul><li>They may become involved in drugs or alcohol due to peer pressure </li></ul>
  10. 10. Greed! <ul><li>More pressure on people to buy the ‘right’ goods </li></ul><ul><li>Keep up with the ‘Jones’ </li></ul><ul><li>This can lead to an increase in crime as people want the goods they cant afford- leads to credit card fraud etc </li></ul>
  11. 11. Drugs and alcohol <ul><li>Drug and alcohol addiction can also lead to crime </li></ul><ul><li>People will commit crimes to fund their addiction eg theft, prostitution </li></ul><ul><li>Drug related crimes have increased; crack cocaine is associated with violent crime </li></ul>
  12. 12. Case Study <ul><li>‘’ Too many Scots are excluded, by virtue of unemployment, low skill levels, poverty, bad health, poor housing or other factors, from full participation in society.’’Scottish office </li></ul>
  13. 13. Case Study <ul><li>Glasgow has one of the highest poverty and unemployment rates in the UK </li></ul><ul><li>Glasgow has a quarter of Scotland's homeless people </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore boredom, lack of resources and facilities can lead to crime </li></ul>
  14. 14. Case Study <ul><li>Education is often affected by truancy </li></ul><ul><li>one in four older teenagers in the poorest communities were not in education, training or employment </li></ul>
  15. 15. Case Study <ul><li>One in 17 of all 20-year-old men in Scotland were convicted of a crime in 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Half of those in jail came from the poorest 155 wards. A quarter were from the 53 most deprived council wards and 35 of those were in Glasgow, where Royston topped the league. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Case Study <ul><li>The sort of factors that these young men had in common were poverty, but there were other factors like poor family contact, truanting, expulsion from schools and alcohol and, following on from that, drugs </li></ul><ul><li>people become involved in car crime, petty theft and it goes on from there </li></ul>