The Web: history - now - future

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A presentation on the history and the future of the Web in the context of digital libraries; and on the need web libraries

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The Web: history - now - future

  1. 1. The Web: history - now - future dr. Sebastian Ryszard Kruk Knowledge Hives sp. z o.o. Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  2. 2. a web Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  3. 3. Outline • How do we communicate and share knowledge? • How come we have the Web ? • The Web (as we knew it) • The Social Web (as we know it) • The Semantic Web (as we build it) • Web 3.0, Web 4.0, ... • Libraries vs Web • Conclusions Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  4. 4. Let’s communicate! Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  5. 5. Pre-Web History Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  6. 6. Pre-Web History Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  7. 7. Pre-Web History Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  8. 8. Pre-Web History Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  9. 9. Internet and PC Internet is not Web Internet - collection of computers (servers, PCs) Web is “just” one of many applications on the Internet: email, IM, news groups, multimedia (streaming), P2P Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  10. 10. History of the Web Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  11. 11. History of the Web Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  12. 12. History of the Web Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  13. 13. History of the Web Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  14. 14. History of the Web Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  15. 15. History of the Web Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  16. 16. Web 1.0 • oneway information/knowledge sharing • uses Internet as a delivery medium • key technological concepts: • HTTP protocol • HTML (hypertext) Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  17. 17. Social Web (2.0) • Web becomes read-write medium • power (and wisdom?) of the crowds • everyone can contribute with ease • key technological concepts: • REST (as better understood HTTP) • AJAX (interactive HTML) Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  18. 18. Semantic Web • the key Web concept: network of interconnected resources • Web understood by machines: AI, NLP, logic • Semantic Web is all about the WEB • Linked Open Data • key technological concepts: RDF(a), SPARQL, ontologies (vocabularies) • industry players: Yahoo, Google Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  19. 19. Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  20. 20. Semantic Layer Cake Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  21. 21. Semantic Layer Cake Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  22. 22. Semantic Layer Cake Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  23. 23. Linked Open Data Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  24. 24. Web 3.0 • a Web for communities and machines • folksonomies: "machines are (using) us" • capturing social media as a part of the knowledgeable web • industry player: Facebook (Open Graph) Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  25. 25. Web 4.0+   Source: http://thepaisano.files.wordpress.com/2008/03/webtimeline.jpg Copyright @ Knowledge Hives sp. z o.o.
  26. 26. Internet => Interdata Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  27. 27. Libraries vs Web • A lot in common: metadata, references • Digital libraries: OPAC, digitized books • Library 2.0 Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  28. 28. Semantic Digital Libraries Semantic expressiveness tagging Web 2.0 Web interoperability communities of users Semantic Digital Libraries controlled vocabulary knowledge organization systems Digital Libraries Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  29. 29. Web Libraries Semantic expressiveness tagging Web 2.0 Web interoperability communities of users web Semantic Digital Libraries controlled vocabulary knowledge organization systems Digital Libraries Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  30. 30. Web Libraries • LOD instead of controlled vocabularies • semantics about (metadata) and inside the books (RDFa, SALT) • no more page-by-page and static books • hypermedia • adaptable content • social media (Django Book) • rethink some old concepts?: ISBN, FRBR, page Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com
  31. 31. Web and Libraries have future in common Learn more at http://www.semanticschool.com/ Sebastian Ryszard Kruk sebastian.kruk@knowledgehives.com Copyright @ KnowledgeHives.com

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