Know4 drr poster_ws_bolzano_scientists_csic
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Know4 drr poster_ws_bolzano_scientists_csic Know4 drr poster_ws_bolzano_scientists_csic Document Transcript

  • THE SCIENTISTSTHE SCIENTISTSTHE SCIENTISTSTHE SCIENTISTSTHE SCIENTISTSTHE SCIENTISTS María José Jiménez Mariano García FernándezMaría José Jiménez, Mariano García Fernández CSICCSIC Institute of Geosciences (CSIC UCM) Madrid SpainInstitute of Geosciences (CSIC-UCM), Madrid, Spain mj.jimenez@csic.es, mariano.garcia@csic.es 1 I d i1 I d i1. Introduction1. Introduction 3. Scientists & Fragmentation of Knowledge3. Scientists & Fragmentation of Knowledge3. Scientists & Fragmentation of Knowledge3. Scientists & Fragmentation of Knowledge SCIENTISTSSCIENTISTSSCIENTISTSSCIENTISTS SCIENTISTSSCIENTISTSDATA, INFORMATION , KNOWLEDGE SCIENTISTSSCIENTISTS SCIENTIFIC & TECHNICAL ASPECTS WHO?WHO?STRATEGY FRAMEWORKS for DRRDRR in integration toin integration to CCACCA WHO?WHO? ff ff STRATEGY FRAMEWORKS for DRRDRR in integration toin integration to CCACCA Those capable of deliveringThose capable of delivering scientificscientific and technical data,and technical data,gg information, andinformation, and knowledgeknowledge 13 CASE STUDIES13 CASE STUDIES KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE information, andinformation, and knowledgeknowledge 13 CASE STUDIES13 CASE STUDIES DIFFERENT TEMPORAL & SPATIAL SCALES KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE GAPS BARRIERS BRIDGESGAPS BARRIERS BRIDGES 1 2DIFFERENT TEMPORAL & SPATIAL SCALES SUDDEN ONSET & CREEPING EVENTS GAPS, BARRIERS, BRIDGESGAPS, BARRIERS, BRIDGES i li l f ti lf ti l t t lt t l 1 2SUDDEN ONSET & CREEPING EVENTS 5 HYDROMETEREOLOGICAL EVENTS (socialsocial,, functionalfunctional,, structuralstructural ) PHASES f DISASTER CYCLEPHASES f DISASTER CYCLE EXPERTS & TECHNICAL STAFFEXPERTS & TECHNICAL STAFF PRACTICIONERSPRACTICIONERS5 HYDROMETEREOLOGICAL EVENTS PHASES of DISASTER CYCLEPHASES of DISASTER CYCLE BBodies in Public Sectorodies in Public Sector PRACTICIONERSPRACTICIONERS Private SectorPrivate SectorBBodies in Public Sectorodies in Public Sector Private SectorPrivate Sector 2 Role of Scientists in DRR and CCA2 Role of Scientists in DRR and CCA 32. Role of Scientists in DRR and CCA2. Role of Scientists in DRR and CCA 3 RESEARCH SCIENTISTSRESEARCH SCIENTISTS Universities or Research Centres (Public or Private) INTERDISCIPLINARITYINTERDISCIPLINARITY Universities or Research Centres (Public or Private) &INCREASINGINCREASING INCREASINGINCREASING INTERDISCIPLINARITYINTERDISCIPLINARITY & C lt i f P i t S tSPECIALISATIONSPECIALISATION FRAGMENTATIONFRAGMENTATION powerful tool Consultancies for Private SectorFRAGMENTATIONFRAGMENTATION addressing most complex issues; COMPLEX PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATIONCOMPLEX PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATIONCOMPLEX PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATIONCOMPLEX PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATION Barriers on collectively thinkingDRR and CCADRR and CCA DisciplinesDisciplines NOT NECESSARILYNOT NECESSARILY make different groupsmake different groupsBarriers on collectively thinkingDRR and CCADRR and CCA ‘SYSTEM PROBLEMS‘SYSTEM PROBLEMS DisciplinesDisciplines NOT NECESSARILYNOT NECESSARILY make different groupsmake different groups SYSTEM PROBLEMSSYSTEM PROBLEMS l i t ti FRAGMENTATION DISTINCT ISSUESFRAGMENTATION DISTINCT ISSUEScomplex interacting processes FRAGMENTATION DISTINCT ISSUESFRAGMENTATION DISTINCT ISSUESdifferent temporal and spatial scales EFFECTIVEEFFECTIVE expertise from natural and social sciences INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCHINTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCHINTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCHINTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH DETAILED PRELIMINARY ORGANISATIONDETAILED PRELIMINARY ORGANISATIONINTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCHINTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH DETAILED PRELIMINARY ORGANISATIONDETAILED PRELIMINARY ORGANISATION problem formulation, data analysis and interpretation simulation modelling, and sensitivity analysis SCIENTIFIC CONSENSUSSCIENTIFIC CONSENSUS POTENTIAL LEGAL LIABILITY of SCIENTISTSPOTENTIAL LEGAL LIABILITY of SCIENTISTSSCIENTIFIC CONSENSUSSCIENTIFIC CONSENSUS LLack of understanding/awarenessack of understanding/awareness whowho offer adviceoffer advice d d id d i shouldshould not be a main argumentnot be a main argument and recommend actions to governments.and recommend actions to governments.asas a basis fora basis for actionaction ASSESMENT OF UNCERTAINTYASSESMENT OF UNCERTAINTY &&degreedegree of truth of scientificof truth of scientific knowledgeknowledge &&credibility of the information/knowledgecredibility of the information/knowledgegg gg y gy g Prevention and mitigation Prevention and mitigation Recovery and reconstruction Recovery and reconstruction  i l ti t t t d th b ti f th i ff t d i t Th i lK l d i l ti t t t d th b ti f th i ff t d i t Th i lK l d     in relation to extreme events and the exacerbation of their effects and impacts. Their low Knowledge gap probability and frequency might cause a functional bias  in relation to extreme events and the exacerbation of their effects and impacts. Their low Knowledge gap probability and frequency might cause a functional bias More bridges than barriers: The event acting as a catalyst. More bridges than barriers: The event acting as a catalyst.  probability and frequency might cause a   functional biasprobability and frequency might cause a   functional bias      recently established for knowledge sharing among scientists and those interacting withFunctional bridges   recently established for knowledge sharing among scientists and those interacting withFunctional bridges Mostly  . The event prioritising actions on e.g.: functional bridgesMostly  . The event prioritising actions on e.g.: functional bridges  recently established for knowledge sharing among scientists and those interacting with Functional bridges the public sector, including joint work for improvement of procedures  recently established for knowledge sharing among scientists and those interacting with Functional bridges the public sector, including joint work for improvement of procedures  need for changes in existing approaches regarding  need for changes in existing approaches regarding the public sector, including joint work for improvement of procedures    the public sector, including joint work for improvement of procedures    o data, methods and communication o data, methods and communication  Common barrier on data: Common barrier on data:  o interdisciplinary work to avoid fragmentation o interdisciplinary work to avoid fragmentation  Availability (if existing or if scattered) Availability (if existing or if scattered)  o interlinks and joint development programmes among different stakeholders o interlinks and joint development programmes among different stakeholders  Quality and resolution Quality and resolution   allocation of funds to dedicated programmes on risk management  allocation of funds to dedicated programmes on risk management  Lack  of  resources  to  get  better  quality/higher  resolution  within  the  established  temporal/financial f k Lack  of  resources  to  get  better  quality/higher  resolution  within  the  established  temporal/financial f k  triggering volunteering to work on establishing inter‐stakeholder partnerships  triggering volunteering to work on establishing inter‐stakeholder partnerships  isis frameworks frameworks    l l d i i i i i h h i lS i l b id   l l d i i i i i h h i lS i l b id ysys   related to the development of research on vulnerability mitigation and riskFunctional barriers   related to the development of research on vulnerability mitigation and riskFunctional barriers  local administrators – scientists, with the event acting as a catalyst Social bridge local administrators – scientists, with the event acting as a catalyst Social bridge alyaly   related  to  the  development  of  research  on  vulnerability,  mitigation  and  risk Functional  barriers communication:   related  to  the  development  of  research  on  vulnerability,  mitigation  and  risk Functional  barriers communication:   M i l i l ti t d i i t ti dt t l b i   M i l i l ti t d i i t ti dt t l b i nana communication:   scientists’ advice was not taken into account communication:   scientists’ advice was not taken into account Mainly   in relation to administrative procedures:  structural barriers L k f i l t ti f lt f d di t d t di Mainly   in relation to administrative procedures:  structural barriers L k f i l t ti f lt f d di t d t di AnAn  scientists  advice was not taken into account   available information only partly useful  scientists  advice was not taken into account   available information only partly useful  Lack of implementation of results of dedicated studies  L d l th d ti f th i f ti  Lack of implementation of results of dedicated studies  L d l th d ti f th i f ti eAeA available information only partly useful   lack of a shared risk culture  available information only partly useful   lack of a shared risk culture   Long delays on the production of the information  St iti t l l l l t f ll ib d i l di fi i l ti  Long delays on the production of the information  St iti t l l l l t f ll ib d i l di fi i l ti hehe  lack or failures in communicating the relevant information in a usable way  lack or failures in communicating the relevant information in a usable way   Strong opposition at local level to follow prescribed measures including financial compensations.  Strong opposition at local level to follow prescribed measures including financial compensations.  fthfth g y  main interest by local stakeholders limited to hazard issues  g y  main interest by local stakeholders limited to hazard issues    d t il bilit l d d if i ti t ll hi h b i t d ithK l d   d t il bilit l d d if i ti t ll hi h b i t d ithK l d ofof y   y    on data availability on losses and damage if existing at all, which can be associated with Knowledge gap functional issues caused by little attention to these aspects in past events  on data availability on losses and damage if existing at all, which can be associated with Knowledge gap functional issues caused by little attention to these aspects in past events yoyo  causing: Social barriers causing: Social barriers functional issues caused by little attention to these aspects in past events. functional issues caused by little attention to these aspects in past events.  aryary  Local indigenous knowledge not considered useful by local scientists  Local indigenous knowledge not considered useful by local scientists  GAPSGAPS mama  Scientific data not accepted by local actors  Scientific data not accepted by local actors  GAPSGAPS mmmm GAPSGAPS umum Preparedness, planning and warning Preparedness, planning and warning BARRIERS & BRIDGESBARRIERS & BRIDGES SuSu   F i h d ( SLR) h ib i f i i i i i h i h EU li i   F i h d ( SLR) h ib i f i i i i i h i h EU li i BARRIERS & BRIDGESBARRIERS & BRIDGES SS For creeping hazards (e.g. SLR) the contribution of scientists in raising awareness together with EU policies  t th h i f k l d ithi l b id ll ( i ti t ’f ti l t For creeping hazards (e.g. SLR) the contribution of scientists in raising awareness together with EU policies  t th h i f k l d ithi l b id ll ( i ti t ’f ti l t BARRIERS & BRIDGESBARRIERS & BRIDGES 4.4. represents a   on the sharing of knowledge with a social bridge  as well (scientists’ scope functional aspect and priorities in their research) represents a   on the sharing of knowledge with a social bridge  as well (scientists’ scope functional aspect and priorities in their research)and priorities in their research). and priorities in their research).  Period after reconstructionPeriod after reconstruction  For sudden‐onset hazards early warning due to insufficient capacities and equipmentstructural barriers   For sudden‐onset hazards early warning due to insufficient capacities and equipmentstructural barriers Period after reconstruction Period after reconstruction For sudden onset hazards, early warning   due to insufficient capacities and equipment structural barriers to transfer precise information well in advance. Often a consequence of laws and regulations. For sudden onset hazards, early warning   due to insufficient capacities and equipment structural barriers to transfer precise information well in advance. Often a consequence of laws and regulations.   Main bridges and on recent advances in new ICT providing improvements in:functional structural   Main bridges and on recent advances in new ICT providing improvements in:functional structuralto transfer precise information well in advance. Often a consequence of laws and regulations.    to transfer precise information well in advance. Often a consequence of laws and regulations.    Main bridges   and   on recent advances in new ICT providing improvements in: functional structural  Quantity and quality of the data Main bridges   and   on recent advances in new ICT providing improvements in: functional structural  Quantity and quality of the data For creeping hazards   on: functional barriersFor creeping hazards   on: functional barriers  Quantity and quality of the data   Diffusion of the information  Quantity and quality of the data   Diffusion of the information  Transfer of knowledge and information on well‐known vulnerabilities   Transfer of knowledge and information on well‐known vulnerabilities    Diffusion of the information   Establishment of programmes to increase knowledge and awareness on vulnerability and safe  Diffusion of the information   Establishment of programmes to increase knowledge and awareness on vulnerability and safe  Prediction and warning links to systematic observations are mainly scientific oriented  Prediction and warning links to systematic observations are mainly scientific oriented   Establishment  of  programmes  to  increase  knowledge  and  awareness  on  vulnerability  and  safe construction  Establishment  of  programmes  to  increase  knowledge  and  awareness  on  vulnerability  and  safe constructionconstruction construction  Response Response      l l b f h h   l l b f h h   on general background knowledge in society, as well as biases to mostly hazard‐Functional barriers   on general background knowledge in society, as well as biases to mostly hazard‐Functional barriers Very little or even no contributions of scientists in the response phase Very little or even no contributions of scientists in the response phase    on  general  background  knowledge  in  society,  as  well  as  biases  to  mostly  hazardFunctional  barriers oriented work   on  general  background  knowledge  in  society,  as  well  as  biases  to  mostly  hazardFunctional  barriers oriented work  Not referred knowledge shared systems that would allow real time updates to deliver improved   Not referred knowledge shared systems that would allow real time updates to deliver improved oriented work oriented work  Not  referred  knowledge  shared  systems  that  would  allow  real‐time  updates  to  deliver  improved  information for quick decisions during response from traditional approaches where no fastFunctional bias Not  referred  knowledge  shared  systems  that  would  allow  real‐time  updates  to  deliver  improved  information for quick decisions during response from traditional approaches where no fastFunctional bias     when  a  lack  of  transfer  of  the  acquired  knowledge  on  risk  to  the  local  levels  occurs Social  barriers     when  a  lack  of  transfer  of  the  acquired  knowledge  on  risk  to  the  local  levels  occurs Social  barriersinformation for quick decisions during response.   from traditional approaches where no fast Functional bias observational techniques were available (e g (satellites Internet) information for quick decisions during response.   from traditional approaches where no fast Functional bias observational techniques were available (e g (satellites Internet) q g (administration and local stakeholders)  q g (administration and local stakeholders) observational techniques were available (e.g. (satellites, Internet). observational techniques were available (e.g. (satellites, Internet).  ( )( )