Scala with mongodb


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I have explain some key points about how to integrateMongoDB with scala
What is MongoDB?
Why we use MongoDB?
What are the MongoDB Terminologies?
How to Install and Use MonogDB?
What are the Operators of MongoDB?
What is Casbah?
What is Salat?

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Scala with mongodb

  1. 1. Scala with MongoDB Abdhesh Kumar Email: Twitter:@abdheshkumar90
  2. 2. Agenda 1. What is MongoDB? 2. Why we use MongoDB? 3. What are the MongoDB Terminologies? 4. How to Install and Use MonogDB? 5. What are the Operators of MongoDB? 6. What is Casbah? 7. What is Salat?
  3. 3. What is MongoDB? ➢ MongoDB is a document-oriented database management system designed for performance, horizontal scalability, high availability,open source NoSQL database(Schemaless or Non-relational) ,And advanced queryability. ➢ MongoDB is a document-based database system, and as a result, all records, or data, in MongoDB are documents.
  4. 4. Why we use MongoDB? Document Oriented ➢ Documents (objects) map nicely to programming language data types. ➢ Dynamically-typed (schemaless) for easy schema evolution. ➢ No joins and no transactions for high performance and easy scalability High Performance ➢ No joins and no transactions makes reads and writes fast ➢ Indexes can include keys from embedded documents and arrays. ➢ Optional asynchronous writes .
  5. 5. High Availability ➢Replicated servers with automatic master failover. Easy Scalability ➢ Automatic sharding distributes collection data across machines. ➢Reads and writes are distributed over shards Flexibility ➢MongoDB stores data in JSON documents (which we serialize to BSON).
  6. 6. Indexing ➢ MongoDB supports generic secondary indexes, allowing a variety of fast queries,and provides unique, compound, and geospatial indexing capabilities as well. Fixed-size collections ➢ Capped collections are fixed in size and are useful for certain types of data, such as logs. ➢ Real time aggregation ➢ Rich query capabilities ➢ Geospatial features ➢ Flexible schema
  7. 7. MongoDB Terminologies Sql Terms/Concepts MongoDB Terms/Concepts database database table collection index index row Document or *BSON document column Field or BSON field join *Embedding and linking Primary key _id Group by aggregation
  8. 8. MongoDB Terms/Concepts Documents: ➢ The concept of a document: an ordered set of keys with associated values. ➢ documents are represented as objects: {"greeting" : "Hello, world!"} Collections: ➢ A collection is a group of documents.
  9. 9. Embedding: ➢ “Embedding is the nesting of objects and arrays inside a BSON document” Linking: ➢ “Links are references between documents” Aggregation: ➢ The MongoDB aggregation framework provides a means to calculate aggregated values without having to use map-reduce. ➢ If you’re familiar with SQL, the aggregation framework provides similar functionality to GROUP BY and related SQL operators as well as simple forms of “self joins.” Additionally, the aggregation framework provides projection capabilities to reshape the returned data.
  10. 10. What is JSON? ➢ JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data-interchange format. ➢ JSON is built on two structures: 1. A collection of name/value pairs. ex.object, record, struct, dictionary, hash table, keyed list, or associative array 2. An ordered list of values. ex. array, vector, list, or sequence
  11. 11. { "_id" : 1, "name" : { "first" : "Rohan", "last" : "Singh" }, "contributes" : [ "TypeSafe", "Knoldus" ], "awards" : [ { "award" : "Play Framework Expert", "year" : 2012, "by" : "TypeSafe" }, { "award" : "Scala Expert", "year" : 2013, "by" : "Knoldus" } ] }
  12. 12. What is BSON? ➢ BSON is a binary-encoded serialization of JSON-like document. ➢ BSON supports the embedding of documents and arrays within other documents and arrays. ➢ MongoDB uses BSON as the data storage and network transfer format for “documets”.
  13. 13. Install MongoDB $ wget $ tar -zxvf mongodb-osx-x86_64-2.0.6.tgz $ sudo mkdir -p /data/db $ sudo chown `id -u` /data/db
  14. 14. Starting MonDB and Mongo Shell ➢ $ ./bin/mongod ➢ $ mongo MongoDB shell version: 2.4.1 connecting to: test >
  15. 15. MongoDB Operators Query Selectors: ➢ Comparison $all, $gt, $gte, $in, $lt, $lte, $ne, $nin ➢ Logical $and, $or, $nor, $not ➢ Element $exists, $mod, $type ➢ JavaScript $regix, $where
  16. 16. ➢ Array $elemMatch,$size Update ➢ Fields $inc, $set, $unset ➢ Array $, $addToSet, $pop, $pullAll, $pull, $pushAll, $push Projection $, $elemMatch, $slice
  17. 17. What is the Casbah? ➢ Casbah is a Scala toolkit for MongoDB—We use the term “toolkit” rather than “driver”, as Casbah integrates a layer on top of the official mongo-java-driver for better integration with Scala.
  18. 18. Installing & Setting up Casbah *You should have MongoDB setup and running on your machine. Add casbah dependencies to buid.sbt resolvers += "Scala-tools" at "" resolvers += "Sonatype Snapshot" at "" libraryDependencies ++= Seq( "org.mongodb" % "casbah_2.10" % "2.5.1" )
  19. 19. Use Casbah with Scala ➢ Import the Driver import com.mongodb.casbah.Imports._ ➢ Connecting to MongoDB Connect to default - localhost, 27017 val mongoConnection = MongoConnection() connect to "mongodb01" host, default port val mongoConnection = MongoConnection("mongodb01") connect to "mongodb02" host, port 42017 val mongoConnection = MongoConnection("mongodb02", 42017)
  20. 20. val mongoDB = mongoConnection("casbah_test") Connect casbah_test database with test_data collecion by chaining val mongoColl = mongoConnection("casbah_test")("test_data") Working with Collections
  21. 21. What is Salat? ➢ Salat is a bi-directional Scala case class serialization library. ➢ Salat provides fast, reliable bi-directional serialization between Scala case classes and MongoDB's DBObject format. ➢ case classes can be used directly for storing document by simply declaring a DAO and with the help of some annotations
  22. 22. Salat DAO SalatDAOmakes it simple to start working with your case class objects. Use it as is or as the basis for your own DAO implementation. By extending SalatDAO, you can do the following out of box: ➢ insert and get back an Option with the id ➢ findOne and get back an Option ➢ typed to your case class ➢ find and get back a Mongo cursor typed to your class ➢ iterate, limit, skip and sort ➢ update with a query and a case class ➢ save and remove case classes ➢ Projections ➢ built-in support for child collections
  23. 23. What Scala types can Salat handle? ➢ case classes ➢ embedded case classes ➢ embedded case classes typed to a trait or abstract superclass annotated with @Salat ➢ Scala enums ➢ Options ➢ Collections Collections ➢ Maps are represented as DBObject ; all other collections turn into DBList .
  24. 24. Salat collection support Salat 0.0.8-SNAPSHOT and above support the following mutable and immutable collections: ➢ Map ➢ Lists and linked lists ➢ Seqs and indexed seqs ➢ Set ➢ Buffer ➢ Vector
  25. 25. Salat Unsupported types Salat can't support any of these types right now: ➢ Nested inner classes ➢ A class typed at the top-level to a trait or an abstract superclass Salat can't support these types because the mongo-java-driver doesn't support Them: ➢ Any type of Map whose key is not a String ➢ any type of map whose key is a String containing . or $
  26. 26. Salat Supports Annotations Salat offers the following annotations to customize serialization behavior: ➢ @Salat to support polymorphic instances of a trait or abstract superclass ➢ @Key to change the name of a field ➢ @Persist to serialize a value outside the case class constructor ➢ @Ignore to ignore a field in the case class constructor ➢ @EnumAs to customize the behavior of a particular enum
  27. 27. Salat Grater Grater Salat as the notion of Grater that is responsible to the de/serialization of a case class. This through two simple functions, let have a Grater for the type T: ➢ asDBObject(t:T) : returns a MongoDB representation of t ➢ asObject(dbo:DBObject)[T] : returns a T instance based on the provided Mo ngoDB content
  28. 28. Installing & Setting up Salat Add salat dependencies to buid.sbt resolvers += "Novus Release Repository" at "" resolvers += "Sonatype OSS Snapshots" at "" libraryDependencies ++= Seq( "com.novus" %% "salat" % "1.9.2-SNAPSHOT" )
  29. 29. References
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