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Russell Jeide & Scott CromarThursday,May 2, 2013TVE2 IP SeriesClass 3: How to File for a Patent
2© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.TVE2 Intellectual Property (IP) Series• Class 1: "What inte...
3© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Russell Jeide• Patent Attorney for 12 years• Partner at Kno...
4© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Scott Cromar• Patent Agent for 3 years; PatentAttorney for ...
5© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Disclaimer• This presentation is for information purposes o...
6© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Today:– Prior Art Searching– Types of Patents• Utility vs. ...
©2012 Knobbe Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.©2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved. ...
8© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Prior Art Searching• No obligation to conduct search• Benef...
9© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Searching Resources• patft.uspto.gov• patents.google.com• f...
10© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Types of Searches• Patentability• Landscape• “Risk of Liab...
11© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Patentability Search• When useful: When you are thinking o...
12© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Landscape Search• When useful: When you are planning on go...
13© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.“Risk of Liability” Search• When useful: When you are gett...
©2012 Knobbe Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.©2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved. ...
15© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Review: What is a Patent?• Right to exclude others from pr...
16© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Review: Utility vs. Design Patents• Utility– Protection fo...
17© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Review: Provisional vs. Non-provisionalPROVISIONAL REGULAR...
18© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Requirements for Patentability• Patentable subject matter–...
19© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Ownership of Patents• The inventors are the presumptive ow...
©2012 Knobbe Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.©2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved. ...
21© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.When Should the Application Be Filed• For protection in th...
22© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Tips for Filing – File Early!• You can and should file a p...
23© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.U.S. Patent Prosecution Timeline“Negotiate” with theExamin...
24© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Foreign Priority• Foreign patents must be filed within one...
25© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Duty of Disclosure• File Information Disclosure Statement ...
©2012 Knobbe Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.©2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved. ...
27© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Application Components• Specification– Title– Background– ...
28© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Title & Background (p. 1)
29© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Summary (p. 3)
30© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Brief Desc. of Drawings (p. 8)
31© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Detailed Description (p. 9)
32© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Abstract (p. 28)
33© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Claims• Numbered paragraphs which define scope ofprotectio...
34© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Claims (p. 21)
35© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Figures/Drawings• Block diagrams• Schematics• Structural i...
36© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Structural Figure
37© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Block Diagram Figure
38© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing: Provisional Application• Required for Filing Date–...
39© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing: Non-provisional Application• Required for Filing D...
40© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.USPTO Forms• http://www.uspto.gov/forms/aia_forms.jsp
41© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Provisional App. Cover Sheet
42© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Application Data Sheet (ADS)
43© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Declaration
44© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Information Disclosure Statement (IDS)
45© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Assignment
46© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Assignment, cont.
47© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Before Filing• Make sure the application has everything th...
48© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 1
49© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 2
50© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 3
51© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 4
52© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 5
53© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 6
54© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 7
55© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 8
56© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 9
57© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 10
58© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 11
59© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 12
60© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 13
61© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 14
62© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 15
63© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 16• Then you may pay the fees with...
64© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 17• Other docs you may wish to fil...
©2012 Knobbe Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.©2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved. ...
66© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Office Actions• Identifies specific rejections or objectio...
67© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Office Actions
68© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.
69© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.
70© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Office Action Response• Anticipation (35 U.S.C. § 102)– “f...
71© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Examiner Interviews• For non-provisional applications, typ...
©2012 Knobbe Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.©2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved. ...
73© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Hiring an Attorney• Cost• Technology and Complexity• Statu...
Russell JeideScott Cromarrussell.jeide@knobbe.comscott.cromar@knobbe.com
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How to File for a Patent

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Knobbe Martens’ patent attorneys Russell Jeide and Scott Cromar hosted a seminar series on intellectual property basics for Temecula’s business community. This presentation walks the viewer through how to file for a patent. Entrepreneurs, investors, startups, inventors and anyone interested in learning how intellectual property and patents can help their business will benefit from this presentation.

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Transcript of "How to File for a Patent"

  1. 1. Russell Jeide & Scott CromarThursday,May 2, 2013TVE2 IP SeriesClass 3: How to File for a Patent
  2. 2. 2© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.TVE2 Intellectual Property (IP) Series• Class 1: "What intellectual property is, and why it maybe important to your startup"• Class 2: "How to enter the patent world strategicallyand economically"• Class 3: "How to file for a patent"• Class 4: "The meaning of patent infringement andpatent litigation"• Class 5: "How to use copyrights, trademarks, andtrade secrets to your advantage"• Class 6: TBA (probably continuation of Class 5)
  3. 3. 3© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Russell Jeide• Patent Attorney for 12 years• Partner at Knobbe Martens• B.S. Electronics EngineeringTechnology• Specializes in patent prosecution,legal opinion work, and licensing• Experience in telecommunicationsystems, computer architecture,computer software, Internet businessmethods, and mechanical devices
  4. 4. 4© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Scott Cromar• Patent Agent for 3 years; PatentAttorney for 1• Associate at Knobbe Martens• B.S. Electrical Engineering;M.S. Electrical and ComputerEngineering• Specializes in IP counseling andpatent preparation and prosecution• Experience with software,computers, electronics, andsemiconductors
  5. 5. 5© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Disclaimer• This presentation is for information purposes only anddoes not constitute legal advice.• This presentation does not establish any form ofattorney-client relationship.
  6. 6. 6© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Today:– Prior Art Searching– Types of Patents• Utility vs. Design• Provisional vs. Non-provisional– Application Timeline & Costs– Preparing & Filing the Documents– After Filing– Considerations for Hiring an Attorney
  7. 7. ©2012 Knobbe Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.©2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved. 7Prior Art Searching
  8. 8. 8© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Prior Art Searching• No obligation to conduct search• Benefits:– Evaluate available scope of protection before filing– Write more focused patent application– Potentially strengthen validity of patent– Learn about patents you may infringe• Administer carefully to avoid damagingcommunications
  9. 9. 9© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Searching Resources• patft.uspto.gov• patents.google.com• freepatentsonline.com• espacenet.com• Patentlens.net
  10. 10. 10© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Types of Searches• Patentability• Landscape• “Risk of Liability”
  11. 11. 11© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Patentability Search• When useful: When you are thinking of filing a patentapplication on a specific idea and you want a brief overview ofother patents, patent applications, and articles that may disclosethe same (or very similar) idea.• What will you gain: Youll have an idea of whether your idea isnew or if someone else has already publicly disclosed theidea. Youll also see if others have disclosed ideas somewhatsimilar to yours such that you may want to focus your patentapplication on the benefits and advantages that distinguish youridea from the other similar ideas.
  12. 12. 12© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Landscape Search• When useful: When you are planning on going into a new areaand would like to know about the general patent landscape.• What will you gain: Youll receive a listing of issued patents andpatent publications in the general field you specified. This can letyou know (a) who are the big players IP-wise in this field, (b) howpopulated is the field already with patents and patentapplications, (c) what are the problems being addressed in thevarious patents, and (d) does there seem to be room for you tomove in?
  13. 13. 13© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.“Risk of Liability” Search• When useful: When you are getting serious aboutdeveloping/launching a new product and you would liketo understand the risk of infringing someone elses existingpatents.• What will you gain: Youll receive an overview of existingissued U.S. patents, and specifically of their claims, which areclose to your subject matter and might cover your newproduct. Thus, you may have an opportunity to (a) determinethat there is a low risk of liability, or, if need be, (b) revise yourplans according to what the search results revealed and/or (c)further research potential weaknesses in the existing issuedpatents identified by the search.
  14. 14. ©2012 Knobbe Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.©2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved. 14Types of Patents
  15. 15. 15© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Review: What is a Patent?• Right to exclude others from practicing your invention– Not a right to use, make, or sell– You may still infringe others’ patents• Two types:– Utility Patent: protect functionality (how it works)– Design Patent: protect ornamental appearance
  16. 16. 16© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Review: Utility vs. Design Patents• Utility– Protection for functionality, how something works– Last for 20 years from data of priority (usually thefiling date)• Design– Protect ornamental appearance of an industrialarticle– Lasts 14 years (soon to be 15 years)• Examples
  17. 17. 17© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Review: Provisional vs. Non-provisionalPROVISIONAL REGULAR (NON-PROVISIONAL)• Not published • Published unless request fornon-publication is filed withapplication• Expires after 12 months • Remain pending untilreviewed by the PTO• Cannot become a patent • Can become a patent• No formatting guidelines • Strict formatting• Claims not required • Claims required• Contributors identified • Inventors identified based onclaims
  18. 18. 18© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Requirements for Patentability• Patentable subject matter– “process, machine, manufacture, or composition ofmatter, or any new and useful improvementthereof”– Anything under the sun made by man• Novel and non-obvious in view of prior art• Enablement• Best Mode• Utility
  19. 19. 19© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Ownership of Patents• The inventors are the presumptive owners of a patent– Inventors are those who contributed to conceptionof the invention, not merely reduction to practice• Be Aware:– Written assignment– Employee hired to invent– Fiduciary duty to assign inventions
  20. 20. ©2012 Knobbe Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.©2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved. 20Application Timeline & Costs
  21. 21. 21© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.When Should the Application Be Filed• For protection in the United States– Best Case: Before Disclosure– Backup: Within 1 year of disclosure (but rights mayalready be lost in certain circumstances)• For protection in most foreign countries– Before any public disclosure• No requirement that a product or prototype bedeveloped• A nondisclosure agreement (NDA) should be usedwhen possible
  22. 22. 22© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Tips for Filing – File Early!• You can and should file a patent application as soon asyou can describe a valuable invention.• You don’t need to develop a product or a prototypebefore filing.• You can lose patent rights by waiting even when thereis no deadline.• When two inventors file for the same invention, thepatent office usually awards the patent to the first tofile.
  23. 23. 23© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.U.S. Patent Prosecution Timeline“Negotiate” with theExaminer regardingscope of the patentclaims (~ ½ -2 years)Patentissues2-4 yearsApplicationPublishes~ 1-3 monthsafter Notice ofAllowanceOfficeAction1-6mos2-8mosFileIDS18 monthsFile Continuations/Divisionals1 yearPrior ArtSearch
  24. 24. 24© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Foreign Priority• Foreign patents must be filed within one year of U.S.filing date in order to claim “priority”
  25. 25. 25© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Duty of Disclosure• File Information Disclosure Statement (IDS)• Any material information known by:– Inventors;– Patent attorneys; and– People directing patent prosecution• Any time during pendency• Failure to disclose can result in unenforceable patent
  26. 26. ©2012 Knobbe Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.©2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved. 26Preparing and Filing the Documents
  27. 27. 27© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Application Components• Specification– Title– Background– Summary– Brief Description of Drawings– Detailed Description– Claims– Abstract• Figures/Drawings
  28. 28. 28© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Title & Background (p. 1)
  29. 29. 29© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Summary (p. 3)
  30. 30. 30© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Brief Desc. of Drawings (p. 8)
  31. 31. 31© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Detailed Description (p. 9)
  32. 32. 32© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Abstract (p. 28)
  33. 33. 33© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Claims• Numbered paragraphs which define scope ofprotection• For non-provisional app must include at least 1!• Example Types– Apparatus– System– Method
  34. 34. 34© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Claims (p. 21)
  35. 35. 35© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Figures/Drawings• Block diagrams• Schematics• Structural illustrations• Flow charts• Screen shots
  36. 36. 36© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Structural Figure
  37. 37. 37© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Example: Block Diagram Figure
  38. 38. 38© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing: Provisional Application• Required for Filing Date– Written Description & Necessary Drawings• To Make Complete– Fee ($130 or $260)– Cover Sheet (inventors, title, corr. address)• Optional– Formal Drawings– Claims– Assignment
  39. 39. 39© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing: Non-provisional Application• Required for Filing Date– Description & Claims (Spec), Drawings• To Make Complete– Declaration– Fees (~$730 or ~$1,600)– Application Data Sheet (ADS) (inventors, priority)• Optional– Assignment
  40. 40. 40© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.USPTO Forms• http://www.uspto.gov/forms/aia_forms.jsp
  41. 41. 41© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Provisional App. Cover Sheet
  42. 42. 42© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Application Data Sheet (ADS)
  43. 43. 43© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Declaration
  44. 44. 44© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Information Disclosure Statement (IDS)
  45. 45. 45© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Assignment
  46. 46. 46© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Assignment, cont.
  47. 47. 47© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Before Filing• Make sure the application has everything that youwant in it• Cannot add to or change the description after filing(although you can change the claims)• Determine inventorship• Convert all files to .pdf• Prepare to pay fees with credit card• File electronically at www.uspto.gov
  48. 48. 48© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 1
  49. 49. 49© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 2
  50. 50. 50© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 3
  51. 51. 51© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 4
  52. 52. 52© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 5
  53. 53. 53© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 6
  54. 54. 54© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 7
  55. 55. 55© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 8
  56. 56. 56© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 9
  57. 57. 57© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 10
  58. 58. 58© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 11
  59. 59. 59© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 12
  60. 60. 60© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 13
  61. 61. 61© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 14
  62. 62. 62© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 15
  63. 63. 63© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 16• Then you may pay the fees with a credit card– May elect to pay fees later• Download electronic filing acknowledgment• Will get a filing date as long as you includespecification, drawings, and at least one claim• My receive Notice of Missing Parts if problem withdeclaration or fee payment
  64. 64. 64© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Filing an Application - 17• Other docs you may wish to file:– Micro Entity Statement– Declaration– Assignment– Information Disclosure Statement (IDS)• Disclose any prior art references that may bematerial to patentability
  65. 65. ©2012 Knobbe Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.©2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved. 65After Filing
  66. 66. 66© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Office Actions• Identifies specific rejections or objections to claims orspecification based on formalities or prior art• 3-6 month period for reply• Argue and/or amend claims
  67. 67. 67© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Office Actions
  68. 68. 68© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.
  69. 69. 69© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.
  70. 70. 70© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Office Action Response• Anticipation (35 U.S.C. § 102)– “for anticipation . . . the reference must teach everyaspect of the claimed invention either explicitly orimpliedly.” M.P.E.P. 706.02• Obviousness (35 U.S.C. § 103)– “references must … suggest the claimed invention orthe examiner must present a convincing line ofreasoning as to why the artisan would have found theclaimed invention to have been obvious in light of theteachings of the references” M.P.E.P. 706.02(j)• Per statute: 6 months• Shortened statutory period: 3 months• Graduated extension fees required after 3 months.
  71. 71. 71© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Examiner Interviews• For non-provisional applications, typically must wait until afterfirst Office Action is received• Telephonic or face-to-face• Face-to-face interviews are typically more effective in– advancing patent applications towards issuance– Establishing relationship with Examiner• Examiner may be more cooperative during and after theInterview• All applications may be interviewed– Especially important applications
  72. 72. ©2012 Knobbe Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.©2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved. 72Considerations for Hiring an Attorney
  73. 73. 73© 2013 Knobbe, Martens, Olson & Bear, LLP all rights reserved.Hiring an Attorney• Cost• Technology and Complexity• Status of Prosecution
  74. 74. Russell JeideScott Cromarrussell.jeide@knobbe.comscott.cromar@knobbe.com
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