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Romanticism
Romanticism
Romanticism
Romanticism
Romanticism
Romanticism
Romanticism
Romanticism
Romanticism
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Transcript

  • 1. American Romanticism And the Wilderness Experience
  • 2. Frontier Life in America
    • New subject material – different from Europe
    • American novel now coincided with:
    • 1. westward expansion
    • 2. growth of a nationalist spirit and;
    • 3. rapid spread of cities
  • 3. James Fenimore Cooper
    • In time, his novels focused on:
    • Frontier communities
    • American Indians
    • Backwoodsmen
    • Wilderness of western NY and PA
  • 4. First American Romantic Hero
    • Natty Bumppo – a.k.a. Hawkeye, Deerslayer and Leatherstocking
    • Qualities:
    • - heroic and virtuous
    • - skillful frontiersman
    • - simple morals
    • - love of nature
    • - distrust of town life
    • - “superhuman” resourcefulness
  • 5. The New American Novel
    • Included:
    • Triumph of American innocence
    • Characters known as popular twenty and twenty-first century Romantic heroes
    • Naturalistic settings
  • 6. Other New American Novelists
    • Herman Melville - (ex-sailor) wrote Moby Dick
    • Nathaniel Hawthorne - wrote The Scarlet Letter
    • More a “coming of age” not a renaissance
  • 7. The American Hero breaks away from the European Version
    • 1. A Romantic hero is usually innocent and carefree, separate from the masses, and is almost always on some type of journey.
    • 2. This hero is idealistic, non-conforming, and rarely lives in the “here and now,” but, is well rounded, skilled in some fashion, and able to communicate with all walks of life.
    • 3. Romantic heroes are found in the works of Nathaniel Hawthorne, James Fennimore Cooper, Herman Melville, and Mark Twain.
  • 8. What would the typical literary American Hero look like?
    • Young or possess youthful qualities
    • Loves Nature and avoids towns
    • Has a sense of honor based not on societies rules but a higher principle
    • Has a knowledge of life and people based on a deep intuitive understanding, not formal education
    • Quests for a higher truth in the natural world
    • Is innocent and pure of purpose
    • Faces some kind of self-discovery
    • Is self-reliant
  • 9. Who are some typical American Romantic Heroes?
    • In Literature:
    • Hawkeye – Last of the Mohicans
    • Hester Pryne – The Scarlet Letter
    • Huck Finn –Huckleberry Finn, (Mark Twain)
    • In the movies:
    • Blade
    • John Wayne
    • Luke Skywalker
    • Superman and Spiderman
    • Music:
    • Elvis Presley
    • Tupac
    • Johnny Cash

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