Ihcf culture of poverty


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Ihcf culture of poverty

  1. 1. The Culture of Poverty Kyle Vath, BSN, RN Saturday, January 18, 2014, 1:00pm-1:40pm IHCF Seminar, 2014 Dallas, Texas
  2. 2. A little about me...
  3. 3. A little about me…
  4. 4. A little about me…
  5. 5. A little about me…
  6. 6. A little about me…
  7. 7. A little about me…
  8. 8. A little about me…
  9. 9. What this is NOT: • No monopolies
  10. 10. What this is NOT: • No monopolies • No guilt trips
  11. 11. What this is NOT: • No monopolies • No guilt trips • No all-inclusive poverty lectures
  12. 12. Main Goals: • Change our “Glasses” (Perception)
  13. 13. Father.
  14. 14. Jacob Väth • 1822 – 1899 • Rope maker, farmer • Immigrated from Germany to Indiana
  15. 15. Harriet Tubman • 1820 – 1913 • Born into slavery • Escaped and became and abolitionist http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harriet_Tubman
  16. 16. Main Goals: • Change our “Glasses” (Perception) • See our similarities
  17. 17. So What? Why did Jesus come to Earth? Isaiah 61:1-2 Matthew 11:4-6 Luke 4:17
  18. 18. Daniel Patrick Moynihan • Assistant labor secretary in the Johnson administration • Introduced the idea of a “culture of poverty” to the public in a 1965 report.
  19. 19. Oscar Lewis • American anthropologist, • Studying the urban poor in Mexico and Puerto Rico. • Coined “The Culture of Poverty”
  20. 20. Reconsidering Culture & Poverty: A Congressional Briefing • May 13, 2010. • “We ought to care about culture if we care about poverty” • The breakdown of the family
  21. 21. Poverty Defined… When a person or group of people lack human needs because they cannot afford them. Human needs include clean water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing, and shelter. (CDC, 2014) The extent to which an individual does without resources (Dr. Ruby Payne) Households or individuals who do not have enough resources or abilities today to meet their needs. (The World Bank, 2014) Extreme poverty is set to the possession of less than 1$ a day. Absolute poverty measures poverty in relation to the amount of money necessary to meet basic needs such as food, clothing, and shelter. Relative poverty defines poverty in relation to the economic status of other members of the society: people are poor if they fall below prevailing standards of living in a given societal context. An important criticism of both concepts is that they are largely concerned with income and consumption. Other social aspects such as housing poor, health poor or time poor, etc.
  22. 22. Resources? Financial Emotional Mental Spiritual Physical Support Systems Relationships/Role Models Knowledge of “Hidden Rules”
  23. 23. Types of Poverty Third-World Working Poor Urban Poor Rural Poor Homeless Situational Relative Chronic or generational (2 gen. or more)
  24. 24. Types of Poverty Situational Poverty (“7 D’s”) Death Disease Debt Disasters Divorce Downsized Disabled
  25. 25. Types of Poverty Situational Poverty Often individuals in situational poverty bring more resources with them to the situation than those who come from generational poverty.
  26. 26. Types of Poverty Generational Poverty Less resources Requires much more investment and relationship
  27. 27. Examples of Hidden Rules Poverty Middle Class Wealth Money To be spent To be managed Conserved, invested Time Present Future Traditions & History Food Quantity Quality Presentation Transportation Walk, public transportation Personal vehicles Airplanes, chauffeurs
  28. 28. 5 Facts About Hidden Rules Each group has their own “rules” and assumes that everyone else knows them. An individual brings with him hidden rules from the class in which he was raised. Hidden rules of the middle class are used at school and work. The key to teaching hidden rules is through significant relationships.
  29. 29. Mental Models of Poverty They determine our world view They are often subconscious They determine how we act They can help or interfere with learning
  30. 30. Mental Models of Poverty Jobs & Money Illness Housing Transportation Family & Friends Eligibility Relationships Crime & Safety Food Agency Time Children Entertainment
  31. 31. Mental Models of Middle-Class Careers Preventio n Housing & Assets Clubs & Civic Groups Family & Friends Cars Achievement Hobbies & Interests Retirement Education Children Vacations
  32. 32. Mental Models of Wealth Board of Directors Careers Charitable Activities Private Clubs, Associations Lawyers & Accountants Event Sponsorship Connections Media & Political Links Retirement Advisors Travel Oversight of Corporate Property
  33. 33. The “If They Would Just…” Trap Smoking (“If they can afford a cigarette…”) Babies (“If she would just stop having babies…”) Tardiness (“If she just got to work on time…”) Abusive Relationships (“If she would just leave him…”) Unemployment (“If he would just get a job…”) Crime (“If she would just obey the law…”) Free Stuff (“If he would just take advantage of all the free stuff…”) Use of the ER (“If they would just go to their family doctor…”)
  34. 34. Causes Racism Education Monetary poverty Neighborhood/Geography Mental Illness Substance abuse Laziness Unemployment Complex Health problems/Disability Public policy Divorce/Single-parent family PTSD/War Response Abuse Crime/Corruption
  35. 35. Scarcity
  36. 36. Scarcity Scarcity: Having “not enough” of something (time, money, relationships) Scarcity Captures the Mind The feeling of scarcity is distinctly different from the reality of scarcity Scarcity reduces cognitive bandwidth Scarcity reduces slack Scarcity requires “tradeoffs”
  37. 37. Relief: Urgent and temporary provision of emergency aid to reduce immediate suffering Relief
  38. 38. Rehabilitation Rehabilitation: Restoration of elements of pre-crisis condition Relief: Urgent and temporary provision of emergency Relief aid to reduce immediate suffering
  39. 39. Development: The movement of the helpers and the helped into a right relationship with God, self, others, and the rest of creation Development Rehabilitation: Restoration of elements of pre-crisis Rehabilitation condition Relief: Urgent and temporary provision of emergency Relief aid to reduce immediate suffering
  40. 40. Development Relief Rehabilitation Development Rehabilitation Relief
  41. 41. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs SelfActualization : achieving one’s full Self-Fulfillment potential, including creative activities Esteem Needs: prestige and feeling of accomplishment Psychological Needs Belongingness and Love Needs: intimate relationships, friends Safety Needs: security, safety Physiological Needs: food, water, warmth, rest Basics Needs
  42. 42. Relief Rehabilitation Development Development SelfActualization : achieving one’s full Self-Fulfillment potential, including creative activities Esteem Needs: prestige and feeling of accomplishment Belongingness and Love Needs: intimate relationships, friends Safety Needs: security, safety Physiological Needs: food, water, warmth, rest Psychological Needs Rehabilitation Relief Basics Needs
  43. 43. Relief, Rehabilitation, or Development?
  44. 44. Relief, Rehabilitation, or Development?
  45. 45. Relief, Rehabilitation, or Development?
  46. 46. Relief, Rehabilitation, or Development?
  47. 47. Relief, Rehabilitation, or Development?
  48. 48. Relief, Rehabilitation, or Development?
  49. 49. Relief, Rehabilitation, or Development?
  50. 50. Relief, Rehabilitation, or Development?
  51. 51. Resources on Poverty Corbett, S., & Fikkert, B. (2012). When helping hurts: How to alleviate poverty without hurting the poor and yourself. (Expanded Edition). Chicago: Moody Publishers. Hazen, M. (2012). Addressing the needs of the poor: A church mobilization guide. http://www.benevolencesupport-services.com/Book/ANP_Frame.htm Hilfiker, D. (1994). Not all of us are saints. New York: Ballantine Books. Hilfiker, D. (2002). Urban injustice: How ghettos happen. New York: Seven Stories Press. Holy Bible: New International Version. (2011). Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan. Lupton, R. (2011). Toxic charity: How churches and charities hurt those they help (And how to reverse it). New York: Harper Collins Publishers. Payne, R. (2005). A framework for understanding poverty. Highlands: aha! Process, Inc. Tirado, L. (2013). This Is Why Poor People's Bad Decisions Make Perfect Sense. http://killermartinis.kinja.com/why-i-make-terrible-decisions-or-poverty-thoughts-1450123558. Accessed: November 23, 2013. Evans, R. (2013). What Dave Ramsey gets wrong about poverty. http://religion.blogs.cnn.com/2013/11/30/whatdave-ramsey-gets-wrong-about-poverty/. Accessed: November 23, 2013. Corley, T. 20 things the rich do every day. http://www.daveramsey.com/blog/20-things-the-rich-do-everyday#commentsWrapper. Accessed: November 23, 2013. Rovner, Julie. Medicaid Expansion Boosted Emergency Room Visits in Oregon. http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/01/02/259128081/medicaid-expansion-boosted-emergency-room-visits-inoregon. A. Mani, S. Mullainathan, E. Shafir, J. Zhao. Poverty Impedes Cognitive Function. Science, 2013; 341 (6149): 976 DOI: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6149/976. Mullainathan, S., Shafir, E. (2013). Scarcity: Why Having Too Little Means So Much. New York: Times Books. Gorski, P. (2008). The Myth of the Culture of Poverty. Poverty and Learning (April 2008, Volume 65, Number 7). http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/apr08/vol65/num07/The-Myth-of-the-Culture-ofPoverty.aspx Cohen, P. (2010). Culture of Poverty Makes a Comeback. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/18/us/18poverty.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 Reconsidering Culture & Poverty: A Congressional Briefing. (2010). http://www.aapss.org/news/2010/06/18/reconsidering-culture-and-poverty-a-congressional-briefing Marriage: America’s greatest weapon against childhood poverty. http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2010/09/marriage-america-s-greatest-weapon-against-child-poverty.
  52. 52. http://www.considerthepoor.org/
  53. 53. Key Scriptures Regarding Poverty: Serving the poor equates to serving the Lord Matthew 25:31-46 Serving the poor shows our love 1 John 3:17 Serving the poor is pure religion James 1:27 Those who serve the poor will be rewarded Isaiah 58:6-12 Preaching Good News to the poor was Jesus’ mission on earth Isaiah 61:1-2 Matthew 11:4-6 Luke 4:17 Luke 7:21-23 Jesus served the poor Luke 18:35-43 Serving the underserved was a commandment from God in the Old Law Isaiah 1:17 Exodus 23:10-13 Deuteronomy 15:4-5 Deuteronomy 14:28-29 Leviticus 19:9-10 Leviticus 25:35-38