THE STORY OF SHREK:JEFFREY KATZEMBERG AT DISNEY • From 1975 to 1984 Jeffrey Katzenberg worked with Walt Disney in Who Framed Roger Rabbit, The Little Mermaid, Beauty and the Beast, Aladdin, and The Lion King • But in 1984 when expected to become 2nd in command under Michael Eisner, he was passed over. • (Arter 3) 51 13
SHREK: REVENGE OF JEFFREY KATZEMBERG• To get his revenge on Disney, in 1994 Katzenberg joined Steven Spielberg and David Geffen to form “Dreamworks.”• And Dreamworks parodied all things Disney in their “Shrek” movies.• Shrek is a Yiddish word and also a German word. In both languages, it means “fear,” or “terror.” • (Arter 3-4) 51 14
PARODIES OF DISNEY CHARACTERS• Dreamworks used words, actions, behaviors, and visual effects in Shrek to parody such Disney icons as Beauty and the Beast, Cinderella, Dumbo, the Little Mermaid, Peter Pan, Pinocchio, and Sleeping Beauty.• Earlier, Shrek says that ogres are layered, like onions. At the end of the movie, Shrek and Fiona ride off in an onion-shaped carriage. • (Arter 10) 51 15
PARODIES OF FOLK LITERATURE• Since much of Disney’s success was grounded in the recreation of folk literature, parodies can also be found of the Gingerbread Man, Goldilocks and the Three Bears, the Three Blind Mice and the Three Little Pigs.• For example, in the parody of the Three Bears, Mama is wearing a pink hair bow, and later there is a bear rug in Farquaad’s bedroom which is also wearing a pink hair bow. • (Arter 4) 51 16
PARODIES OF DISNEY STUDIOS• Dreamworks also parodied Disney Studios in Shrek by reproducing its parking lot (called “Lancelot”), its long winding lines of people, its turnstyles, and its sets, and its buildings.• For example, when people enter DuLac, the puppets are singing “Welcome to DuLac” in the same key and tempo as “It’s a Small World.” 51 • (Arter 5) 17
PARODIES OF EDUCATED CULTURE• Art is parodied in the scene where Farquaad lies under a Sandro Botacelli tryptych in the position of Venus in Boticelli’s “The Birth of Venus” • (Arter 8) 51 18
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