0
Chapter 2
Perceiving the Self
and Others
• Describe how our personal
perspective on the world influences
our communication
• Explain how we use and misuse
schemas ...
• Describe cultural differences that
influence perception
• Identify how our self-concept—who
we think we are—influences
c...
A cognitive process
through which we
interpret our
experiences and
come to our own
unique
understandings
Perception
• Gathering, organizing,
and evaluating the
information we receive
• Also involves our basic
senses, along with
personal f...
• Selecting information
• Organizing perceptions
• Interpreting perceptions
• Improving perceptions
The Perception
Process
Schemas:
Organizing
Perceptions
• Schemas:
– Mental structures that put together
related bits of information
– Help us und...
Challenges with
Schemas
and Perception
• Mindlessness
– Passive information
processing vs. mindfulness
• Selective percept...
Attributions:
Interpreting Your
Perceptions
• Attributions: personal
characteristics used to explain
others’ behaviors
– F...
Attributions:
Interpreting
Your Perceptions (cont.)
– Self-serving bias: attributing personal
success to internal factors
...
• Verify your
perceptions.
• Be thoughtful when
seeking explanations.
• Look beyond first
impressions.
Improving Your
Perc...
Culture affects
how we perceive
ourselves and
others.
Perception in a
Diverse World
• Narrow perspective
– Cultural myopia: believing one’s own
culture is appropriate and relevant in all
situations
• Stereo...
Perceptual Barriers
(cont.)
• Prejudice
– Deep-seated feelings of unkindness
and ill will toward particular groups
– Usual...
Cognition:
Perceiving Ourselves
• Self-concept
• Self-esteem
• Self-efficacy
Self-Concept: Who You
Think You Are
• Influenced by thoughts, actions,
abilities, values, goals, and ideals
• Influences h...
Self-Esteem: How You
Feel
About Yourself• A set of attitudes you hold
about your own emotions,
thoughts, abilities, skills...
Self-Efficacy:
Assessing
Your Own Abilities• Ability to predict actual success
based on your self-concept and self-
esteem...
Assessing Our
Perceptions of Self
• Self-Actualization
– Feelings and thoughts resulting
from negotiating a communication
...
Assessing Our
Perceptions of Self
(cont.)
• Self-Adequacy
– Assessing your communication
competence as sufficient or
accep...
Assessing Our
Perceptions of Self
(cont.)
• Self-Denigration
– A negative assessment (self-
criticism) about a communicati...
Behavior: Managing Our
Identities
• Self-presentation
– Intentional communication
designed to show elements of self
for st...
Behavior: Managing Our
Identities (cont.)
• Self-disclosure
– Revealing yourself to others by
sharing personal information...
Behavior: Managing Our
Identities (cont.)
Technology: Managing
the
Self and Perceptions
• Self-presentation can be more
controlled online than in person.
• Make con...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Real comm2e ch2

323

Published on

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
323
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Real comm2e ch2"

  1. 1. Chapter 2 Perceiving the Self and Others
  2. 2. • Describe how our personal perspective on the world influences our communication • Explain how we use and misuse schemas when communicating with others • Define the attributions we use to explain behavior Chapter Outcomes
  3. 3. • Describe cultural differences that influence perception • Identify how our self-concept—who we think we are—influences communication • Describe how our cognitions about ourselves and our behavior affect our communication with others Chapter Outcomes (cont.)
  4. 4. A cognitive process through which we interpret our experiences and come to our own unique understandings Perception
  5. 5. • Gathering, organizing, and evaluating the information we receive • Also involves our basic senses, along with personal factors Communication Processing
  6. 6. • Selecting information • Organizing perceptions • Interpreting perceptions • Improving perceptions The Perception Process
  7. 7. Schemas: Organizing Perceptions • Schemas: – Mental structures that put together related bits of information – Help us understand how things work and how they should proceed – Evolve and change over time
  8. 8. Challenges with Schemas and Perception • Mindlessness – Passive information processing vs. mindfulness • Selective perception – Receiving only the information we want • Undue influence – Giving another person power over our perceptions
  9. 9. Attributions: Interpreting Your Perceptions • Attributions: personal characteristics used to explain others’ behaviors – Fundamental attribution error: overemphasizing internal, underestimating external causes of behaviors
  10. 10. Attributions: Interpreting Your Perceptions (cont.) – Self-serving bias: attributing personal success to internal factors – Interaction appearance theory: changing another’s attributions based on increased contact
  11. 11. • Verify your perceptions. • Be thoughtful when seeking explanations. • Look beyond first impressions. Improving Your Perceptions
  12. 12. Culture affects how we perceive ourselves and others. Perception in a Diverse World
  13. 13. • Narrow perspective – Cultural myopia: believing one’s own culture is appropriate and relevant in all situations • Stereotyping – Fitting others into an existing schema without adjusting the schema appropriately – May be positive, negative, or neutral Perceptual Barriers
  14. 14. Perceptual Barriers (cont.) • Prejudice – Deep-seated feelings of unkindness and ill will toward particular groups – Usually based on negative stereotypes and feelings of superiority over those groups
  15. 15. Cognition: Perceiving Ourselves • Self-concept • Self-esteem • Self-efficacy
  16. 16. Self-Concept: Who You Think You Are • Influenced by thoughts, actions, abilities, values, goals, and ideals • Influences how you communicate with others • Reinforced by how others communicate with you based on: – Direct and indirect evidence – Social comparison theory
  17. 17. Self-Esteem: How You Feel About Yourself• A set of attitudes you hold about your own emotions, thoughts, abilities, skills, behavior, and beliefs • Linked to self-concept: You must know yourself to have attitudes about your self.
  18. 18. Self-Efficacy: Assessing Your Own Abilities• Ability to predict actual success based on your self-concept and self- esteem • Affects your ability to interpret events and cope with failure and success • Inaccurate self-efficacy can lead to self-fulfilling prophecies.
  19. 19. Assessing Our Perceptions of Self • Self-Actualization – Feelings and thoughts resulting from negotiating a communication situation as well as you possibly could – Can lead to satisfaction
  20. 20. Assessing Our Perceptions of Self (cont.) • Self-Adequacy – Assessing your communication competence as sufficient or acceptable – Can lead to contentment or self- improvement
  21. 21. Assessing Our Perceptions of Self (cont.) • Self-Denigration – A negative assessment (self- criticism) about a communication experience. – Often unwarranted that occurs when communicators place undue importance on weaknesses
  22. 22. Behavior: Managing Our Identities • Self-presentation – Intentional communication designed to show elements of self for strategic purposes – Occurs through various channels – Requires self-monitoring
  23. 23. Behavior: Managing Our Identities (cont.) • Self-disclosure – Revealing yourself to others by sharing personal information – Must not be information easily known to others – Sharing must be voluntary
  24. 24. Behavior: Managing Our Identities (cont.)
  25. 25. Technology: Managing the Self and Perceptions • Self-presentation can be more controlled online than in person. • Make conscious choices about what to reveal to others. • Others may create perceptions about you based upon what you reveal. • Technology allows for experimentation with identity.
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×