Chapter 14
Delivering
Presentations
• Identify and control your anxieties
• Choose a delivery style best suited
to you and your speaking situation
• Employ ef...
• Connect with your audience
• Enhance your words with effective
presentation aids
• Make efficient use of your practice
t...
Understanding and
Addressing Anxiety
• Public speaking anxiety (PSA):
– Nervousness from knowing we have to
communicate pu...
Understanding and
Addressing Anxiety
(cont.)
• Identifying Anxiety Triggers
– Upsetting experiences
– Fear of evaluation
–...
Understanding and
Addressing Anxiety
(cont.)
• Building Your Confidence
– Prepare for the unexpected.
– Desensitize yourse...
Methods of Delivery
• Speaking from
manuscript
– Useful when accuracy is
critical
• Speaking from memory
(oratory)
– May f...
Methods of Delivery
(cont.)
• Speaking spontaneously
(impromptu)
– Think on your feet
– Listen to others
• Speaking extemp...
Guidelines for
Effective Delivery
• Effective Vocal Delivery
– Vary your pitch (avoid monotone).
– Adjust your volume.
– A...
Guidelines for
Effective Delivery
(cont.)
• Effective Visual Delivery
– Dress for the occasion.
– Use effective eye behavi...
Guidelines for
Effective Delivery
(cont.)
• Connecting with Your Audience
– Express emotion.
– Adapt to your audience.
– C...
Effective
Presentation Aids
• The Function of Presentation Aids
– Help listeners process and retain
information
– Promote ...
Effective
Presentation
Aids (cont.)
• Types of Presentation Aids
– Props and models
– Media clips and images
– Graphs and ...
Practicing Your
Speech
• Remember Your Speaking Outline
• Practice Using Presentation Aids
– Eliminate surprises; test fac...
Practicing Your
Speech (cont.)
• Simulate the Situation
– Create similar conditions.
– Practice in front of someone.
– Kee...
Practicing Your
Speech (cont.)
• Practice Your Delivery
– Focus on your message.
– Use mirrors cautiously.
– Record a prac...
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Real comm2e ch14

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Real comm2e ch14

  1. 1. Chapter 14 Delivering Presentations
  2. 2. • Identify and control your anxieties • Choose a delivery style best suited to you and your speaking situation • Employ effective vocal cues • Employ effective visual cues Chapter Outcomes
  3. 3. • Connect with your audience • Enhance your words with effective presentation aids • Make efficient use of your practice time Chapter Outcomes (cont.)
  4. 4. Understanding and Addressing Anxiety • Public speaking anxiety (PSA): – Nervousness from knowing we have to communicate publicly to an audience – May include physical symptoms • Communication apprehension (CA): – General “…fear or anxiety associated with either real or anticipated communication with another person or persons”
  5. 5. Understanding and Addressing Anxiety (cont.) • Identifying Anxiety Triggers – Upsetting experiences – Fear of evaluation – Distaste for attention
  6. 6. Understanding and Addressing Anxiety (cont.) • Building Your Confidence – Prepare for the unexpected. – Desensitize yourself. – Visualize your success (performance visualization). – Take care of yourself. – Practice, practice, practice.
  7. 7. Methods of Delivery • Speaking from manuscript – Useful when accuracy is critical • Speaking from memory (oratory) – May feel more like a performance
  8. 8. Methods of Delivery (cont.) • Speaking spontaneously (impromptu) – Think on your feet – Listen to others • Speaking extemporaneously – Uses key-word or phrase outline – Requires advance preparation, an outline, practice
  9. 9. Guidelines for Effective Delivery • Effective Vocal Delivery – Vary your pitch (avoid monotone). – Adjust your volume. – Adjust your speaking rate. – Use pauses for effect. – Speak clearly and precisely. • Use correct pronunciation and articulation. • Avoid mumbling. • Be mindful of accents.
  10. 10. Guidelines for Effective Delivery (cont.) • Effective Visual Delivery – Dress for the occasion. – Use effective eye behavior. • Use scanning. – Incorporate facial expressions and gestures. – Control body movements. • Watch posture. • Use planting.
  11. 11. Guidelines for Effective Delivery (cont.) • Connecting with Your Audience – Express emotion. – Adapt to your audience. – Create immediacy with your audience.
  12. 12. Effective Presentation Aids • The Function of Presentation Aids – Help listeners process and retain information – Promote interest and motivation – Convey information clearly and concisely
  13. 13. Effective Presentation Aids (cont.) • Types of Presentation Aids – Props and models – Media clips and images – Graphs and charts • Bar graphs, tables, pie charts display data and facts clearly – Posters and transparencies – Flip charts and marker boards – Presentation software
  14. 14. Practicing Your Speech • Remember Your Speaking Outline • Practice Using Presentation Aids – Eliminate surprises; test facilities in advance. – Write notes to yourself. – Rehearse with a partner. – Have backup plan.
  15. 15. Practicing Your Speech (cont.) • Simulate the Situation – Create similar conditions. – Practice in front of someone. – Keep an eye on the time.
  16. 16. Practicing Your Speech (cont.) • Practice Your Delivery – Focus on your message. – Use mirrors cautiously. – Record a practice session. – Ask for feedback.

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