The lactating woman eeds extra fluid and enough energy and nutrients to produce aobut 25 ounces of milk a day. Alcohol, other drugs, smoking, and contaminants may lessen milk production or enter breast milk and impair infant development.
Offer about 2–3 teaspoons of solids AFTER a breast or formula feed. Slowly increase this over the next few days as your baby gets used to solids. Continue to breastfeed or formula feed on demand as you were doing before you introduced solids.
• As a guide, offer solids twice a day for the first week and three times a day from the second week onwards.
• Don’t put the spoon or food in your mouth before giving it to your baby as this will help transfer the germs that cause tooth decay to your baby.
• If your baby refuses solids, don’t worry and try again in a couple of days.
• Start with a single food and introduce new foods one at a time.
Vary the foods given so that you know your baby is getting a mix of nutrients. Once single foods have been introduced successfully, you can start to make mixed meals, eg. rice cereal, minced meat andvegetables.
• Cows milk as a drink should not be introduced until 12 months. Cowsmilk can be added to food from 9 months.
Like to watch and imitate people around them. Eat with your child and eat the same food. This may be a time to reassess your own food choices.
• Have a varied appetite because of growth spurts and activity.
Appetites also vary a lot from one child to the next. Use the general health and growth of your child as a guide that they are eating enough.
• Avoid substituting uneaten meals for other foods. Treating your child with unhealthy foods because you are worried they are not eating only makes them less likely to eat healthier foods. Only buy and offer healthy foods.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ are chemical substances _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ from food and used in the body to _ _ _ _ _ _ _ energy, structural materials, and regulating agents to support _ _ _ _ _ _ , maintenance, and _ _ _ _ _ _ of the body´s tissues. Nutrients may also reduce the risk of some _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.
Because the body can make _ _ _ _ nutrients, but it cannot make _ _ _ of them and it makes some nutrients in insufficient _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ to met its needs, the body must _ _ _ _ _ _ these nutrients from _ _ _ _ _. They are called Essential Nutrients .
When _ _ _ word “essential” is used refering to nutrients, it means _ _ _ _ than necessary; it means “needed from _ _ _ _ _ _ _ the body,” normally from food.