Feeding In Scholar Age (6 12 Years)Presentation Transcript
Feeding in scholar age (6-12 years) Ana Sofía Benítez Martínez Ricardo Avila Ojeda
Nutritional evaluation for kids
During this stage of the life, children grow between 5 and 7 cm and increase between 2,5 and 3,5 kg per year respectively.
If they raise less than 2 kgs or grow less than 4 cm per year, they must be controlled for a pediatrician.
If these raise increase 5 kg per year, they must check their weight with a nutritionist and they have to do more physical activity.
A new stage for kids
The school age is a time in which the parents can experience some problems with the feeding of their children.
The children will pass more time out of the home, and the provision and supervision of the food that receive at these hours will become more difficult.
On the other hand, the nutritional requirements of the child will change like the increase of the activities not only physical, also intellectual that proposes the new school stage.
Consecuences of a bad feeding
Many problems of learning and difficulties of the syndromes of lack of attention can come, from inadequate diets. Also, many of the food disorders as the bulimia and the anorexia have their origin in this stage of the life.
Children badly fed will be in worse conditions to confront not only the school activity, also physical and intelectual formation.
The parents have to inculcate the good habits of feeding and give to them a variety diet.
A good nutrition begins with the first food of the day. The importance of the breakfast takes root in that it is the first ingestion after which the organism been several hours without food. The night is, in general, the period of longer fasting of the day, especially for the children, because they sleep more hours that the adults. So it’s important not to eliminate the breakfast from the normal diet.
In case of the child who goes to the college in the morning, it is necessary to assure that they get up with the sufficient time to have breakfast.
For the children who go to school in the evening, the problem is different. They get up too late, and the morning does not reach to distribute the two meals: breakfast and lunch. Many parents tend to eliminate one of the two meals, transforming it into a big one.
The ideal thing is to regulate better the hour of the foods and give to the children both of it.
Healty food vs Scrap food
Another relevant problem, that the parents have to face with, are the famous “scrap food”.
Among the food that are called “scrap food” are located: candies, sodas, fast food, everyone of these rich in CHO’s, fats and sugar.
The problem is that the parents give money to the kids to buy their snack in school, so they buy scrap food.
So is important that parents prepare healthy food to their children, to avoid obesity and desnutrion problems.
So what we have to do?
The most important for a healthy life of a scholar children is to consume an ideal quantity and variety of food for their age and height.
They have to consume proteins, CHO’s, lipids, vitamins, minerals, a lot of calcium because they are growing up and they need it, iron, etc.
Combine the flavors of the kid prefer, and the way of cooking, to make the child enjoy the food instead, it isn’t their favorite food.
Physical activity for kids
The Mediterranean Diet Fundation recommend the next exercises for kids:
Everyday: walk, homework, walk the dog, active games
3-5 days per week: minimun 20 minutes, activities and vigorous sports, like: football, skating, swimming, etc.
2-3 days per week: activities that promote flexibility and stength like: dance, martial arts, psychomotor activities, etc.
Less than 2 hours: watching tv, PC, videogames.
In the last studies of the Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, established that the public schools promote an obese environment, since1999 and 2006, the overweight in children from 5 to 11 years passed from 11.5 to 16. 5% and the obesity doubled, passed from 4.5 to 9.4%.
Bye age ten , a childs needs about 2000 kcalories a day. Total energy needs increase slightly with age, but energy needs per kilogram of body weight actually decline gradually. Inactive children can become obese even when they eat less food than the average. They would do well to learn to enjoy physical play and exercise.
Protein: Like energy needs, total protein needs increase slightly with age, but when the child's body weight is considered, the protein requirement actually declines gradually. The estimation of protein needs considers the requirements for maintaining nitrogen balance, the quality of protein consumed, and the added needs of growth.
The vitamin and mineral needs of children increase with their ages. A balanced diet of nutritious foods can meet children's needs for these nutrients, with the notable exception of iron. Iron deficiency anemia is a major problem worldwide, as well as being the most prevalent nutrient deficiency among U.S. and Canadian children
Iron deficiency is most likely in young children (under age five). To prevent iron deficiency, children's foods must deliver approximately 10 milligrams of iron per day.
Children´s Daily Food Patterns for Good Nutrition ¾ to i c ¾ c 3 to 4 Milk and milk products 2 to 3 oz 1 to 2 oz 2 or more Meat and meat alternatives ½ to ¾ c or ½ c juice ¼ to ½ or ½ c juice 2 or more Fruits ½ to ¾ c or ½ c juice ¼ to ½ c or ½ c juice 3 or more Vegetables 1 to 2 slices 1 slice 6 or more Bread and cereals (whole grain or enriched) 7 to 12 years 4 to 6 years Average Size of serving Servings per day Food group