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World war ii the pacific

World war ii the pacific



Overview of WWII in the Pacific

Overview of WWII in the Pacific



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    World war ii the pacific World war ii the pacific Presentation Transcript

    • World War II The Pacific
      • On December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii.
      • They also attacked the Philippines and the British colony of Malaya.
      • Soon after, they invaded the Dutch East Indies and other islands in the Pacific Ocean.
      • In spite of some fierce resistance in places such as the Philippines, by the spring of 1942, the Japanese controlled almost all of Southeast Asia and much of the western Pacific .
      • The Japanese thought that their attacks on the U.S. fleet would destroy the U.S. Navy and lead the Americans to accept Japanese domination in the Pacific.
      • However, the attack on Pearl Harbor had the opposite effect.
      • It united the American people and convinced the nation that it should enter the war against Japan.
      • As a result of going to war with Japan the United States government decided to send all Japanese Americans that lived on the West Cost to internment camps.
    • Because of the attack on Pearl Harbor many Japanese Americans Faced discrimination
      • In 1942, the Allies had their first successes in the Pacific.
      • In the Battle of the Coral Sea in May, American naval forces stopped the Japanese and saved Australia from invasion.
      • In June, the Battle of Midway Island was the turning point in the Pacific war.
      • U.S. planes destroyed four Japanese aircraft carriers and established naval superiority.
      • By the fall of 1942, Allied forces were about to begin two major operation plans against Japan.
      • One, led by General Douglas MacArthur, would move into the Philippines through New Guinea and the South Pacific Islands.
      • The other would move across the Pacific, capturing some of the Japanese-held islands and ending up in Japan.
      • By November 1942, after fierce battles in the Solomon Islands, the Japanese power was diminishing
      • The war in Asia continued. Beginning in 1943, the Allied forces had gone on the offensive and moved across the Pacific
      • As the Allies came closer to the Japanese home islands in 1945, U.S. president Harry S Truman decided to drop atomic bombs on Japanese cities.
      • He hoped that this would avoid an invasion of Japan.
      • The first bomb was dropped on the city of Hiroshima on August 6.
      • Three days later, a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki.
      • Both cities were completely destroyed.
      • Thousands died immediately, and thousands more died later of radiation sickness.
      • The Japanese surrendered on August
      • World War II was over.
      • Seventeen million people had died in battle in World War II.
      • Some estimate that, including civilian losses, as many as fifty million people died in the war.