World war ii the pacific


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Overview of WWII in the Pacific

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World war ii the pacific

  1. 1. World War II The Pacific
  2. 2. <ul><li>On December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. </li></ul><ul><li>They also attacked the Philippines and the British colony of Malaya. </li></ul><ul><li>Soon after, they invaded the Dutch East Indies and other islands in the Pacific Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>In spite of some fierce resistance in places such as the Philippines, by the spring of 1942, the Japanese controlled almost all of Southeast Asia and much of the western Pacific . </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Japanese thought that their attacks on the U.S. fleet would destroy the U.S. Navy and lead the Americans to accept Japanese domination in the Pacific. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the attack on Pearl Harbor had the opposite effect. </li></ul><ul><li>It united the American people and convinced the nation that it should enter the war against Japan. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>As a result of going to war with Japan the United States government decided to send all Japanese Americans that lived on the West Cost to internment camps. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Because of the attack on Pearl Harbor many Japanese Americans Faced discrimination
  6. 6. <ul><li>In 1942, the Allies had their first successes in the Pacific. </li></ul><ul><li>In the Battle of the Coral Sea in May, American naval forces stopped the Japanese and saved Australia from invasion. </li></ul><ul><li>In June, the Battle of Midway Island was the turning point in the Pacific war. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. planes destroyed four Japanese aircraft carriers and established naval superiority. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>By the fall of 1942, Allied forces were about to begin two major operation plans against Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>One, led by General Douglas MacArthur, would move into the Philippines through New Guinea and the South Pacific Islands. </li></ul><ul><li>The other would move across the Pacific, capturing some of the Japanese-held islands and ending up in Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>By November 1942, after fierce battles in the Solomon Islands, the Japanese power was diminishing </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The war in Asia continued. Beginning in 1943, the Allied forces had gone on the offensive and moved across the Pacific </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>As the Allies came closer to the Japanese home islands in 1945, U.S. president Harry S Truman decided to drop atomic bombs on Japanese cities. </li></ul><ul><li>He hoped that this would avoid an invasion of Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>The first bomb was dropped on the city of Hiroshima on August 6. </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Three days later, a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. </li></ul><ul><li>Both cities were completely destroyed. </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands died immediately, and thousands more died later of radiation sickness. </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese surrendered on August </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>World War II was over. </li></ul><ul><li>Seventeen million people had died in battle in World War II. </li></ul><ul><li>Some estimate that, including civilian losses, as many as fifty million people died in the war. </li></ul>