Who were the first americans


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Desribes of the 5 regions of Native Americans in present day U.S.

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Who were the first americans

  1. 1. Who were the first Americans?<br />
  2. 2. Ancient America “Clock”<br />
  3. 3. Who were they?<br />What was life like?<br />What happened to them?<br />Paleo-Indians<br />
  4. 4. Native Americans versus Indians?<br />
  5. 5. Eastern Woodlands<br />Iroquois and Cherokee<br />Great Plains<br />Sioux, Cheyenne, Crow, Comanche, Blackfeet, and Pawnee<br />Great Basin<br />Paiute and Shoshone<br />Southwestern<br />Apache, Pueblo, Navajo, and Ute<br />Meso-American<br />Aztecs, Mayans, and Incas<br />American Indian Regions<br />
  6. 6. Eastern Woodlands Indians<br />Inhabited land east of Mississippi River<br />Largely forest<br />Depended on forest for food, shelter, clothing, weapons, and tools<br />Iroquois<br />Cherokee<br />
  7. 7. The Iroquois<br />Lived in Present day New York<br />Actually a nation made up of 5 tribes- League of Five Nations<br />Seneca<br />Onondaga<br />Oneida<br />Mohawk<br />Cayuga<br />Lacrosse<br />Canoes<br />
  8. 8. Hunters and Gatherers<br />Gathered berries, fruits, and nuts<br />Planted fields of corn, beans, and squash<br />Used bow and arrow to hunt<br />Canoe (hallowed out tree) was used for fishing<br />Used maple trees for sugar<br />
  9. 9. Wigwams and Longhouses<br />Bent young trees<br />Tree bark overlapped to protect from rain and snow<br />Small hole allowed smoke from fire to escape<br />Animal skin was used for beds <br />Longhouses were used for several families<br />
  10. 10. The Cherokee<br />Lived mainly in present day Tennessee and Georgia<br />Lived in large villages<br />30-60 houses <br />Meeting house<br />Created homes from wattle and daub<br />Wattle- small branches and twigs woven together<br />Daub- Clay<br />Excellent farmers<br />Lived near lakes and hunted using spears<br />
  11. 11. Great Plains Indians<br />Primarily nomadic<br />Followed herds of buffalo<br />Used every part of the buffalo<br />Polytheistic<br />Used tepees out of buffalo skin for shelter<br />Powwows- ceremony to the Great Spirit<br />The Sundance- lasted 4 days in the summer<br />The Ghost Dance- done at night to speak to Gods and ancestors<br />
  12. 12. Uses of the Buffalo<br />
  13. 13. The Ghost Dance<br />
  14. 14. Great Basin Indians<br />Area is set between mountains and rivers do not flow to an ocean<br />Includes Utah, Nevada, parts of Wyoming and Colorado<br />Very little grows- pine nuts<br />Hunted small animals such as jackrabbits, antelope, and waterfowl<br />Dry and desert like in summer, cold winters<br />
  15. 15. Petro glyphs<br />
  16. 16. Southwestern Indians<br />Lived in present day Arizona, New Mexico, Southern Colorado, and Northern Mexico<br />Most well known are Apache and Navajo<br />Lived in adobe buildings<br />Combo of clay, straw, and animal feces dried in sun<br />
  17. 17. Life in the Desert<br />Not much to eat, so they became farmers<br />Corn<br />Beans<br />Squash<br />Melon<br />Pumpkins<br />Hot so didn’t wear much<br />Long hair<br />Moccasins<br />
  18. 18. The Art of the Southwest Indians<br />Turquoise<br />Stone of happiness, health, and good fortune<br />“Something blue”<br />Sterling Silver<br />Learned how to melt and make jewelry with silver from Mexican tribes<br />Basket weaving<br />Kachina dolls<br />Carved out of wood <br />Zuni and Hopi tribes usually<br />Pictured is Aholi Navajo Chief (said to bring moisture)<br />
  19. 19. Blue Corn Maiden (Hopi)<br />Kachina Dolls<br />The Badger Hopi Doll (for healing)<br />
  20. 20. What aspects of Native American culture are seen in “present” society?<br />
  21. 21. Review the 5 regions of First Americans and be able to indicate major similarities and differences<br />Look over supplemental information on the First Americans (found in Blackboard)<br />Be prepared to discuss impact of European Explorers and other early “settlers” on America<br />Will go over directions for Columbus argument paper<br />For Friday’s class<br />