The Vietnam War<br />
Intensifies Cold War<br />“Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we will pay any price, bear any b...
Flexible response<br />Spent 6 billion on military in his first year in office<br />Expanded Special Forces and gave them ...
Going to Vietnam <br />Hills<br />Densely forested mountains<br />Canals, and rivers<br />Jungles<br />Tropical monsoon cl...
Roots of American Involvement<br />
A divided colony<br />A 1954 agreement split the French colony in North and South Vietnam<br />France left in 1955<br />U....
Communism in Vietnam<br />Geneva Accords<br />Agreement between countries involved<br />Soviet Union, U.S., China, Laos, C...
Why did the United States aid the French?<br />Domino Theory<br />Idea that if one nation fell under Communist control, ne...
A divided Nation<br />
Diem’s Repressive Govermment<br />A Catholic<br />Buddhists protested<br />Killed in 1963<br />
Communist Infiltration of the South<br />Vietcong<br />A communist group in South Vietnam<br />Opposed Diem government<br ...
Johnson and the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution<br />U.S.S. Maddox was conducting an espionage mission<br />Greatly escalated th...
Americanizing the War<br />
Vietcong Tactics<br />Guerilla warfare<br />Hit and Run ambush<br />Booby traps<br />Land mines<br />Elaborate tunnel netw...
U.S. Tactics<br />War of Attrition<br />Gradual wear down of the enemy by continuous harassment<br />General Westmoreland<...
Philosophies of the War<br />Sec. of State McNanamara<br />Ho Chi Minh<br />“I don’t think these people have the capacity ...
U.S. trouble<br />Unsure of terrain<br />Difficult to determine friend from foe<br />Clear objectives were never set<br />
Vietnam: A working class war<br />A “manipulative” draft<br />Most soldiers were in war drafted<br />2.2 million drafted<b...
1969:  I lost the lottery<br />Lottery reinstated to ensure fairness<br />Dec 1, 1969<br />First lottery was held<br />Soc...
America Divided<br />
“I may disagree with what you say but I will defend to the death your right to day it.”<br />What did soldiers say when as...
Campus Activitism<br />“Hey L.B.J., how many kids have you killed today.”<br />“Eighteen today, dead tomorrow.”<br />“Draf...
Doves v. the Hawks<br />Doves	<br />Hawks<br />Opposed war<br />Thought it was time to withdraw<br />Supported the war<br ...
The TET Offensive<br />January-February- the TET Offensive<br />North Vietnamese attack cities in South Vietnam<br />45,00...
My Lai Massacre<br />March 1968<br />Village of  My Lai was known to support Viet Cong<br />504 civilians were killed by U...
Ending the Vietnam War<br />Three part plan<br />Gradual withdraw of American troops<br />Renewed  bombing <br />Hard line...
Response to the Bombing of Cambodia<br />Widespread student protest<br />Kent State University near Cleveland Ohio had som...
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The vietnam war

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Gives a brief history of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War

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The vietnam war

  1. 1. The Vietnam War<br />
  2. 2. Intensifies Cold War<br />“Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we will pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and success of liberty. We will do all this and more.”<br />
  3. 3. Flexible response<br />Spent 6 billion on military in his first year in office<br />Expanded Special Forces and gave them the green beret<br />Added 5 combat divisions<br />Construction of nuclear arsenal<br />1,000 ICBM<br />32 Polaris submarines<br />Allowed the U.S. to “choose among a variety of options to fight communism”<br />
  4. 4. Going to Vietnam <br />Hills<br />Densely forested mountains<br />Canals, and rivers<br />Jungles<br />Tropical monsoon climate<br />
  5. 5. Roots of American Involvement<br />
  6. 6. A divided colony<br />A 1954 agreement split the French colony in North and South Vietnam<br />France left in 1955<br />U.S. stepped in to assist South Vietnam<br />U.S. involvement grew slowly<br />
  7. 7. Communism in Vietnam<br />Geneva Accords<br />Agreement between countries involved<br />Soviet Union, U.S., China, Laos, Cambodia, Great Britain and France<br />Divided Vietnam along the 17th parallel<br />North Vietnam<br />Communist<br />Leader Ho Chi Minh<br />South Vietnam<br />Anti communist Nationalists<br />
  8. 8. Why did the United States aid the French?<br />Domino Theory<br />Idea that if one nation fell under Communist control, nearby nations will also fall<br />Recently settled for a stalemate in Korea<br />
  9. 9. A divided Nation<br />
  10. 10. Diem’s Repressive Govermment<br />A Catholic<br />Buddhists protested<br />Killed in 1963<br />
  11. 11. Communist Infiltration of the South<br />Vietcong<br />A communist group in South Vietnam<br />Opposed Diem government<br />Ho Chi Minh Trail<br />A network of paths used by the North Vietnamese to transport supplies to Vietcong in the South<br />
  12. 12. Johnson and the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution<br />U.S.S. Maddox was conducting an espionage mission<br />Greatly escalated the war <br />Gulf of Tonkin Resolution<br />Adopted in 1964<br />Granted President broad powers to wage war in Vietnam<br />
  13. 13. Americanizing the War<br />
  14. 14. Vietcong Tactics<br />Guerilla warfare<br />Hit and Run ambush<br />Booby traps<br />Land mines<br />Elaborate tunnel networks<br />Bridges<br />Underground fuel tanks<br />Hospitals<br />Supply warehouses<br />
  15. 15. U.S. Tactics<br />War of Attrition<br />Gradual wear down of the enemy by continuous harassment<br />General Westmoreland<br />Requested additional troops<br />Led to high body counts<br />Search and Destroy missions<br />Use of defoliants<br />Battle of Hearts and minds<br />Convince people that America is there to help<br />Vietcong will have no place to hide<br />
  16. 16. Philosophies of the War<br />Sec. of State McNanamara<br />Ho Chi Minh<br />“I don’t think these people have the capacity to fight this way”<br />“You can kill ten of my men for everyone I kill of yours, but even at those odds you will lose and I will win.” <br />
  17. 17. U.S. trouble<br />Unsure of terrain<br />Difficult to determine friend from foe<br />Clear objectives were never set<br />
  18. 18. Vietnam: A working class war<br />A “manipulative” draft<br />Most soldiers were in war drafted<br />2.2 million drafted<br />Medical deferments<br />College deferments<br />Draft dodgers<br />60,000-100,000 fled to Canada to avoid serving<br />Lee Greenwood “I am proud to be an American”<br />
  19. 19. 1969: I lost the lottery<br />Lottery reinstated to ensure fairness<br />Dec 1, 1969<br />First lottery was held<br />Social Security Headquarters in D.C.<br />First date drawn was Sept. 14th<br />
  20. 20. America Divided<br />
  21. 21. “I may disagree with what you say but I will defend to the death your right to day it.”<br />What did soldiers say when asked their opinion on the anti-war sentiment?<br />Should freedom of speech be defended at any cost?<br />Why did these young men serve when so many others avoided service?<br />
  22. 22. Campus Activitism<br />“Hey L.B.J., how many kids have you killed today.”<br />“Eighteen today, dead tomorrow.”<br />“Draft beer, not boys”<br />Columbia University<br />
  23. 23. Doves v. the Hawks<br />Doves <br />Hawks<br />Opposed war<br />Thought it was time to withdraw<br />Supported the war<br />Should increase military force<br />
  24. 24.
  25. 25. The TET Offensive<br />January-February- the TET Offensive<br />North Vietnamese attack cities in South Vietnam<br />45,000 Viet Cong and North Vietnam Army (NVA) died<br />Shatters the illusion that American is winning the war<br />Walter Cronkite changed public opinion<br />
  26. 26. My Lai Massacre<br />March 1968<br />Village of My Lai was known to support Viet Cong<br />504 civilians were killed by U.S. soldiers<br />Some were carved with “C” for Charlie Co. <br />Lt. Calley convicted of killings but he stated he was following orders<br />22 year helicopter gunner from a different unit brought massacre to light <br />Ron Ridenhour<br />Age 3 and younger- 50<br />Age 4-7 – 69<br />70 or older- 27 <br />
  27. 27. Ending the Vietnam War<br />Three part plan<br />Gradual withdraw of American troops<br />Renewed bombing <br />Hard line negations with Hanoi<br />
  28. 28. Response to the Bombing of Cambodia<br />Widespread student protest<br />Kent State University near Cleveland Ohio had some of the worst riots<br />Students bombed the ROTC building<br />Governor sent National guard soldiers to university<br />Guardsmen opened fire<br />4 students were killed and 11 were wounded<br />

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