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Monarchs and the enlightenment

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Absolute Monarchy and the Enlightenment

Absolute Monarchy and the Enlightenment

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    Monarchs and the enlightenment Monarchs and the enlightenment Presentation Transcript

    • ABSOLUTE MONARCHS AND THE PERIOD OF ENLIGHTENMENT
    • 1500s-1700s What were ABSOLUTE MONARCHS?
      • Monarchs were kings.
      • Absolute monarchs were the kings who believed in the idea of DIVINE RIGHT.
      • Divine right is the idea that GOD put them on the earth to rule
      • They ruled strictly and typically got into conflicts with one another
      • Because of the way these monarchs treated the people they ruled, many started to get the idea for REVOLUTION
    • A great example of an Absolute Monarchs would Louis XIV from France. He spent enormous amounts of money
    • Lavish spending on Palace of Versailles
    • Interior of the Palace was done in crystal and gold
    • Versailles Fountains made of copper
    • The Kings lived extravagantly while many of their people scraped for food
    • Eventually, people began to develop new ideas….….
      • This time of new ideas was known as the ENLIGHTENMENT or Age of Reason.
      • 1600s-1700s
      • New ideas on how government should be run.
    • THE ENLIGHTENMENT THINKERS AND THEIR NEW IDEAS Most people had ideas like THOMAS HOBBES. He believed in the DIVINE RIGHT of Kings. However…different men had new ideas!
    • JOHN LOCKE
      • Believed that all people had 3 natural rights to LIFE, LIBERTY, PROPERTY
      • He said it was the duty of the government to protect these rights
    • VOLTAIRE
      • Believed in freedom of speech so people could express their opinions about the government
      • He also believed in freedom of religion, so people could worship God in the way they choose
    • MONTESQUIEU
      • Believed that government should be separated into 3 branches
      • The 3 branches of government, Montesquieu said, would help keep the government from becoming too powerful
      • Checks and balances—each branch would check the others to make sure one does not abuse its power.
    • MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT
      • Advocated rights for women
    • JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU
      • Believed in the concept of “Consent of the Governed”, meaning that people should agree to the rules that they follow by voting
      • He believed the having an absolute monarchy prevented people from having true freedom.
    • Effects of Enlightenment ideas on the Monarchy
      • Ideas spread through England and France
      • Kings were criticized more and more
      • People began questioning the way of life under Kings
      • New Ideas + Absolute Monarchs = REVOLUTION
      • The people began to fight for their freedoms and wanted a CHANGE in their government