Colonization powerpoint


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Unit 10 colonization

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  • Colonization powerpoint

    1. 1. In this unit, you will learn about exploration and colonization from 1400- 1600
    2. 2. Zheng He, a chinese explored was commissioned to lead several overseas journeys
    3. 3. Practiced isolationism (isolated the nation from the rest of the world) expelled Christian missionaries burned Western books allowed only Chinese and Dutch trade
    4. 4. Flourishing with Renaissance art, literature, ideas, etc. Looked for new ways to make money and many powerful Kings decided to….go exploring!
    5. 5. 1. Looking for new sources of wealth 2. Traded spices  Nutmeg, ginger, pepper, cinnamon 1. Looked for trade routes directly to Asia 2. “Glory, Gold, God”—explorers journeyed for money, fame, and Christianity
    6. 6. Eventually explorers found a new sea route to Asia. Portugal dominated exploration initially Dutch formed the Dutch East India Trading Company (see image below). ag_of_the_Dutch_East_India_Company.svg/800px- Flag_of_the_Dutch_East_India_Company.svg.png
    7. 7.  New technology helped exploration 1. Triangular Sails—helped sail against the wind 2. Compass—directional tool 3. Sextant (upper right picture)— helped with navigation 4. Large cargo area in the Caravel Triangular sails
    8. 8. Bartolomeu Dias; sailed for Portugal; explored and reached southern tip of Africa Vasco Da Gama; sailed for Portugal; rounded tip of Africa Zheng He; sailed for China China; explored Asia and Eastern Africa Christopher Columbus; sailed for Spain; explored Caribbean (Bahamas) Hernando Cortes; sailed for Spain; colonized regions in Mexico, US, South America
    9. 9. Prince Henry of Portugal; founded school of navigation to train explorers Amerigo Vespucci; sailed for Portugal; South America Ferdinand Magellan; sailed for Spain; rounded the tip of South America, Guam, Philippines
    10. 10. This is a map of major European explorations
    11. 11. Colonize means to create colonies (settlers who live in one territory and are ruled by a “parent” country) Spanish conquerors (conquistadors) destroyed the Aztecs and Incans of S. America Native-Americans had no weapons to challenge Spanish conquerors 80%-95% of Native Americans died Spanish and Portuguese Kings became RICH!—Spanish created an Empire
    12. 12. Continents became interdependent on one another Imports (goods brought into a country) and exports (good sent out of a country) began Joint stock corporations developed— similar to stock market today Slave trade developed (Triangular Trade)
    13. 13. Trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas— formed a TRIANGLE! Check out the next slide to see the goods and materials traded between these three regions
    14. 14. From Africa to the Americas emerged the slave trade. Slaves were used for free labor  The passage by sea from Africa to the Americas was called the Middle Passage (2-3 months long) A typical slave ship