Int2 dd chp 3

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Int2 dd chp 3

  1. 1. Intro to DD Textbook: Persons with Moderate & Severe Disabilities <ul><li>Subjects: </li></ul><ul><li>Family , Friends & Society: Supporting People with Disabilities (Ch.3) </li></ul><ul><li>DUE TODAY: Topic Summaries for Project#1 (presentation) </li></ul><ul><li>and Project #2 (paper or blog) </li></ul>
  2. 2. Family, Friends & Society <ul><li>Supporting people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the need for a network of support any different for people with disabilities? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remember our “circles” exercise? What and who do we have around us in our lives? Who supports us? </li></ul><ul><li>Formal Supports </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Supports </li></ul>
  3. 3. Formal Supports <ul><li>History: used to isolate people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>While attempting to provide support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotes dependence and highlights difference </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Purpose: bring together services for active participation in community and quality of life </li></ul>
  4. 4. Questions: <ul><li>What are barriers to participation? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we combat those barriers? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we foster inclusion? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Formal Supports <ul><li>Civil Rights legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Government –supported Programs </li></ul><ul><li>The role of advocacy </li></ul>
  6. 6. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 1990 <ul><li>A national mandate against discrimination of persons with disabilities in areas such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private employment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public services and accommodations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tele communications </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) <ul><li>Level the ‘playing field’ </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graded sidewalks, wider doorways, placement of facilities such as sinks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessible transportation (buses) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fair hiring practices; reasonable accommodations by employer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telecommunication devices by people who are deaf </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 1990 <ul><li>Brown vs. Topeka </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil rights legislation paved way for equal schooling for all children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PA ARC, Mills vs. DC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Free and appropriate public education for all </li></ul><ul><li>IDEA mandates all eligible students, regardless of disability- to receive special education to meet their individual needs. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) <ul><li>To receive specialized services student identified as having 1 of 12 conditions including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MR, Learning disabilities, behavior disorders, speech/language impairments, vision loss or blindness, hearing loss or deafness, physical impairments, health impairments, autism and TBI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment tools, testing with interdisciplinary team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IEP: Individualized Education Program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Early intervention and Pre School programs </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>School Reform – IDEA 1997 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To ensure higher expectations for students with disabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accountability for states and schools on how these students are progressing (exclusion from standardized testing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternate assessments on performance standards </li></ul></ul>Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
  11. 11. Government Supported Programs Textbook pgs: 52-53 <ul><li>Federally funded programs providing support to people with disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SSI – Supplemental Security Income: basic economic support (work disincentives) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soc Sec Disability insurance: 18 yrs+ </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Government Supported Programs <ul><li>Health Care </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicare: national insurance program for elderly and eligible people with disabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nursing home care, physician services, medical supplies, ambulance, outpatient care </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicaid: payments for health care sercies to eligible residents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hospital and physician services, treatment, screening </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Residential Living </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ICF: Intermediate Care Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Residential living and other services to people with MR (severe/profound), 24 hour care </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HCBS: Home and Community Based Services (Waiver) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Non-institutionalized settings, include home care </li></ul></ul></ul>Government Supported Programs
  14. 14. <ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocational Rehabilitation: train people with disabilities in employment skills, career guidance, supported employment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinated Planning and service delivery: state planning councils, coordinate services of various gov agencies, advocacy systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incentives for Employment (1999): addresses barriers preventing people from gainful employment (loss of benefits) </li></ul></ul>Government Supported Programs
  15. 15. <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IDEA: free appropriate education for all students regardless of disability </li></ul></ul>Government Supported Programs
  16. 16. Advocacy Organizations & Service Providers <ul><li>Formal disability advocacy organizations such as: The ARC, UCP, ACLD, DDI and others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NYS OPWDD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strong family and community involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Strong advocacy for legislative measures </li></ul><ul><li>Developing concept within society of “self advocacy” (choice, autonomy) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Natural Supports <ul><li>Different from formal/structured supports through agencies or organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Friends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuclear family & Extended family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighbors, church members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Co-Workers </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Natural Supports <ul><li>Families </li></ul><ul><ul><li>History…limit or little support for families from a financial, clinical or educational standpoint. This has evolved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agencies offer family counseling and support, family involvement in plans of treatment/service, special needs trusts and future planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Families serving on Boards and on advocacy and rights committees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respite care/ Residential Habilitation programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assist family in becoming more socially active, reduce feelings of isolation </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Natural Supports <ul><li>Friendships are important to quality of life </li></ul><ul><li>Social relationships increase skills in interaction, coping, love for example </li></ul><ul><li>Bonds benefit those who are disabled and those who are not </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated classrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Person first </li></ul>
  20. 20. Community / Society <ul><li>Beyond just acceptance or tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Combating discrimination in many forms </li></ul><ul><li>Providing people with disabilities access to things: recreation/leisure activities, doctors, housing, employment </li></ul><ul><li>Changing views, beliefs and philosophies </li></ul>
  21. 21. Community / Society <ul><li>Pg.64 of our text </li></ul><ul><li>Successful Participation in community life depends on 3 interrelated factors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) competence of individual with training and support to adapt to societal expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) access to the community’s generic service system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3) the willingness of community members to serve as natural supports </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Review for Test #1 <ul><li>Chap 1: Understanding People with DD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definitions, acronyms, types of disabilities, IQ levels, labels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chap 2: Valuing People with DD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>History, different models </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chap 3: Friends, Family Society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal supports, Natural Supports, ADA, IDEA, gov programs, integration </li></ul></ul>

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