Marisa- Grammar Book
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Marisa- Grammar Book

on

  • 239 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
239
Views on SlideShare
239
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Marisa- Grammar Book Marisa- Grammar Book Presentation Transcript

  • Mi libro de gramática Marisa Young
  • Tabla de Contenidos1. Qué vs cuál2. Ser3. Estar4. Gustar5. Transition Words6. Imperfect Form7. Imperfect Irregulars8. Trigger Words9. Acabar de + infinitive10. Formulas11. Hace + Time+ Que + Present12. Verbs like Gustar13. Reflexives13. Tu Commands14. DOP and placement15. Preterite
  • Qué vs. Cuál Qué is used when asking for definitions.-example: ¿Qué es una ciudad? ¿Qué hace un presidente? Cuál usually is used before es and other forms of ser when not seeking a definition.-example: ¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono? ¿Cuáles son las ciudades más grandes?
  • Ser Ser means to be. Ser is used for permanent states.  Yo soy Nosotros/nosotras  Tú eres somos  El/ella/usted es Vosotros/vosotras sois Ellos/ellas/ustedes sonExample:1. Soy deCaracas.2. Ella esintelegente.3. Somos lasprofesoras.
  • Ser Descriptions Occupation Characteristics Time Origin Relationships Possessions Events Dates
  • Estar Estar means to be. Estar is temporary. Yo estoy Tu estás Examples: El/ella/usted está 1.Estoy Nosotros estamos estudiante. Vosotros estais 2.Estás triste. Ellos/ellas/ustedes están3.Ella está en el oficina.
  • Estar-HELPING Health Emotions Location Present Condition ING (words ending in ing) -ar-ando -er/ir-endo -double letter- yendo -example: speaking- hablando reading- leyendo
  • Gustar Gustar means to like or to be pleased by Me gusta Te gusta Examples: Le gusta 1. Me gusta el Nos gusta libro. Os gusta 2. Me gustan Les gusta los bolígrafios. 3. Sabra le gusta bailar.
  • Transition Words También- also Primero- first Igualmente- likewise Cercas -nearby Ahora-now Segundo-second Luego-soon Entonces-then Hoy-today
  • Imperfect Form AR Verbs change •ER and IR verbs to: change to:-yo: aba -yo: ia-tu: abas -tu: ias-el: aba -el: ia-nosotros: abamos -nosotros: iamos-vosotros: abais -vosotros: iais-ellos: aban -ellos: ian
  • Imperfect Form Irregulars •There are only 3 imperfect irregular verbs. They are Ser, Ver, and Ir. Ser: •Ver: •Ir:eraEras Veia IbaEra Veias Ibas Veia IbaEramos Veiamo IbamosErais s Ibaiseran Veiais Iban veian
  • Triggers for Imperfecto Ayer: yesterdayo Anteayer: the day before yesterdayo A las ocho: at 8 o’clocko El miércoles: Wednesdayo El día anterior: the day beforeo El lunes pasado: last Mondayo El fin de semana: last weekendo Ayer por la mañana: yesterday morningo El otro día: the other dayo Una vez: on time/onceo Asta tarde: this afternoono Asta noche: tonighto Entonces: theno Desde el primer momento: from 1st momento Durante dos siglos: during 2nd centuryo En es momento: in that momento Hace dos dias:2 days ago
  • Acabar de + infinitive *Ejemplos: To have just finished •Acabo de Conjugate Acabar Yo acabo de comer unas Tu acabas de papas fritas. El/ella/usted acaba de Nosotros acabamos de •Acabas de Ellos/ellas/ustedes bailar alacaban de cancion. DON’T CONJUGATE THE 2ND VERB!!!
  • Formulas Hace + time + que + conjugated verb-Hace cinco minutos que hablo. Hace + que + infinitive-Hace que bailo. Se prohibe + infinitive-Se prohibe fumar. Se permite + infinitive-Se permite nadar. Ir + a + infinitiveVoy a patinar.
  • Hacer Expressions:HACE TIME QUE VERBEX: Hace dos años que viví en Francia.
  • Verbs like gustaro Gustar: to be pleasing too Doler (o-ue): to hurto Fascinar: to fascinateo Molestar: to bothero Encantar: to loveo Faltar: to lack, or be in need ofo Importar: to be important too Disgustar: to be disgusting to
  • Reflexives • used in yo me form • used in tú te form • used in Reflexive él/ella form Pronouns se • used in ellos(as) form • used in nos nosotros form • used in os vosotros form
  • Tu affirmative commands Just drop the “s”- For example, hablas changes to habla DOP and IOP can attach to an affirmative command- For example, Comela. (You eat it.) When you change the syllibification of a verb, an accent mark is added to the “antepenútima” (3rd to last) syllable.- For example, ¡Bébela!
  • Negative Commands1. put in the “yo” form2. Change the vowel Examples:-AR verbs change to e 1. Don’t eat it: No lo-ER/IR verbs change to a coma.3. Add “No” in front 2. Don’t sing: No4. DOP are added to the cante.beginning of the verb but are 3. Don’t dance: Nonot attached. baile.
  • [Irregular Affirmitive commands] Di Haz Ve Pon Sal Sé Ten Ven
  • Irregular Negative Commands  No digas  No hagas  No vayas  No pongas  No salgas  No seas  No tengas  No vengas
  • DOP and Placement DOP and IOP can attach or hook on to an affirmative command. DOP take the place of a noun. Answers the question WHAT is receiving the direct action of the verb. Direct Object Can only be hooked onto an… Pronouns - Infinitive Me - Affirmative commands Te - Gerund/Present progressive Lo/La Los/Las ALL OTHER TIMES THE DOP COMES BEFORE THE CONJUGATED VERB!!!
  • Preterite Has a definite time in the past with a beginning or end. AR ER IR é í í aste iste iste ó ió ió amos imos imos aron ieron ieron