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Standard Indicator Activity 1
Standard Indicator Activity 1
Standard Indicator Activity 1
Standard Indicator Activity 1
Standard Indicator Activity 1
Standard Indicator Activity 1
Standard Indicator Activity 1
Standard Indicator Activity 1
Standard Indicator Activity 1
Standard Indicator Activity 1
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Standard Indicator Activity 1

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  • 1. Medicine Magic: Science and Technology By Kalena Gries 9-16-09
  • 2. Science Standard 1 – The Nature of Science and Technology
    • Indicator 4.1.7 – Discuss and give examples of how technology, such as computers and medicines, has improved the lives of many people, although the benefits are not equally available to all.
    • Taken from: http://dc.doe.in.gov/Standards/AcademicStandards/StandardSearch.aspx
    • Link to activity: http://www.indianastandardsresources.org/files/sci/sci_4_1_7.pdf
  • 3. Definitions
    • Vaccine – a substance made from the germs that cause a disease which is given to people to prevent them getting the disease
    • Symptom – a sign or an indication of disorder or disease, especially when experienced by an individual as a change from normal function, sensation, or appearance
    • Diagnosis -- the act or process of identifying or determining the nature and cause of a disease or injury through evaluation of patient history, examination, and review of laboratory data; the opinion derived from such an evaluation
    • Prescription – a written order, especially by a physician, for the preparation and administration of a medicine or other treatment
    • Pharmacy – the place where drugs are prepared, dispensed, or sold; a drugstore. Also called apothecary.
    • Taken from: www.thefreedictionary.com
  • 4. Background Information
    • Although it is inconvenient to get sick, recovering from an illness today is a lot faster and easier than it was even 100 years ago. A century ago, if you were sick, the doctor would come to you, but he had very few medicines to help make you better; most illness were not treatable. Today, if you feel sick, you go to the doctor’s office where he will likely give you a medicine to treat your specific illness. Unfortunately, even today not everyone can go to the doctor and get the medicine they need.
  • 5. Discuss and Brainstorm
    • What do you do to get better when you are sick?
      • Go to the doctor
      • Take medicine
      • Rest/sleep
      • Stay home
      • Wash hands
      • Drink lots of water
    • Illnesses to Research
      • Polio
      • Measles
      • Chicken pox
      • Scarlet fever
      • Strep throat
      • Diabetes
      • Mumps
      • Whooping cough
      • Influenza
      • Cancer
      • Etc.
  • 6. Research
    • Divide the class into pairs, give each pair a copy of the BLM Magic Medicine , and let each pair pick an illness to research. Review the BLM so students know what info. they are seeking.
    • Take students to the library and/or computer lab to find information on their illness.
    • Possible research websites:
    • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/
    • http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/
    • http://www.who.int/topics/vaccines/en/
    • http://www.fda.gov/BiologicsBloodVaccines/Vaccines/default.htm
  • 7. Medicine Magic Example
    • Name of illness: Smallpox
    • Name of treatment (or vaccine): Smallpox vaccine (1 st successful vaccine to be developed); Dryvax (modern name for the vaccine)
    • Scientist(s) who discovered treatment (or vaccine): Edward Jenner
    • Date of discovery: 1796
    • Location of discovery: England
    • How was it discovered?
    • “ Jenner took the fluid from a cowpox pustule on a dairymaid's hand and inoculated an 8-year-old boy. Six weeks later, he exposed the boy to smallpox, and the boy did not develop any symptoms.” (From http://dermatology.about.com/cs/smallpox/a/smallpoxhx.htm )
  • 8. Medicine Magic Example Cont.
    • How has this treatment (or vaccine) made people’s lives better?
    • The vaccine has been used to eradicate smallpox worldwide. A few samples of the virus still exist in laboratories for research and to make the vaccine.
    • Is it available to most people?
    • Yes, it has been administered worldwide.
    • Explain why you think this treatment (or vaccine) is or is not available to most people.
    • The World Health Organization (WHO) launched a massive, worldwide outbreak search and vaccination program to fight smallpox.
  • 9. Medicine Magic Summaries/Conclusions
    • Allow each pair of students to share the information they collected about their illness.
    • Discuss any similarities in reasons for why medical treatment is or is not equally available to everyone.
      • Cost of treatment
      • Difficulty of actually getting it to people
      • Necessity of treatment
    • Extend this idea of unequal availability to other inventions and technologies, such as computer/internet, electricity, indoor plumbing, etc.
    • 4.1.7 summary – Technology has made our lives easier and improved our quality of life; the benefits, however, are not experienced everywhere around the world.
  • 10. Resources
    • Smallpox
      • http://dermatology.about.com/cs/smallpox/a/smallpoxhx.htm
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smallpox_vaccine
    • Vaccines
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaccine
      • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/
      • http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/
      • http://www.who.int/topics/vaccines/en/
      • http://www.fda.gov/BiologicsBloodVaccines/Vaccines/default.htm

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