Chapter 12
The Child from Eight to Twelve
Months of Age
©2014 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Materials and Activities
• Materials for this age group must be
challenging and safe:
– Most infants in this age range are...
Physical Development
• Infants of this age are rapidly developing gross motor
skills:
– The sequence of locomotion proceed...
Suggestions for Implementing Curriculum--
Physical Development
• Provide adequate floor space where they can roll,
crawl, ...
Cognitive and Language Development
• Cognitive Development
– The processes of assimilation and accommodation
help children...
Suggestions for Implementing
Curriculum--Cognitive Development
• Play hiding games with familiar objects
• Introduce games...
Cognitive and Language Development
• Language Development
– About one year of age, infants typically speak their
first rec...
Suggestions for Implementing Curriculum--
Language Development
• Name important objects with one word
• Reinforce talk abo...
Emotional Development
• Infants express feelings such as happiness and anger
• Infants can now conceive of goals or desire...
Suggestions for Implementing Curriculum--
Emotional Development
• Use calm, quiet talking to describe feelings
• Allow inf...
Social Development
• The mobility infants now have enables them
to encounter different people or to move
away from them
• ...
Suggestions for Implementing Curriculum--
Social Development
• Low teacher-child ratios and a primary caregiving
system as...
Spotlight on Research
• Infants and Divorce
– Given the importance of healthy attachment, the
impact of divorce on very yo...
Checkpoint Discussion Questions
• List five strategies you can use to facilitate the
physical development of an infant in ...
Checkpoint Discussion Questions
• Why is sharing difficult for the infant between
8 and 12 months of age?
• Identify four ...
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Swim ppt ch12

  1. 1. Chapter 12 The Child from Eight to Twelve Months of Age ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  2. 2. Materials and Activities • Materials for this age group must be challenging and safe: – Most infants in this age range are mobile and will encounter an expanded world – Small enough to grasp with the palm and fingers or with thumbs and forefingers, but not small enough for them to swallow • Materials may be homemade or commercially made ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  3. 3. Physical Development • Infants of this age are rapidly developing gross motor skills: – The sequence of locomotion proceeds from creeping to crawling, pulling up to standing, stepping to walking • Infants of this age use the following fine motor skills: —Poking, pushing, pulling, using pincer grasp, clapping, bringing hands to mid-point, banging objects, making marks with crayon, transferring toys hand to hand • Infants use fingers and spoon to eat • Nap schedules are changing ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  4. 4. Suggestions for Implementing Curriculum-- Physical Development • Provide adequate floor space where they can roll, crawl, climb, reach, stand, and walk • Remove furniture that could tip over, cover sharp corners • Place toys slightly beyond reach to stimulate movement • Allow infant to stand and step around to hold on to furniture • Provide materials for grasping, mouthing, banging, throwing, dropping, carrying • Allow infant to hold bottle, cup, spoon, finger food ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  5. 5. Cognitive and Language Development • Cognitive Development – The processes of assimilation and accommodation help children to make sense of information • Piaget’s Sensorimotor Stage of Cognitive Development: – In Stage 3, the infant continues to explore object permanence – Infants imitate people and things not present, deferred imitation ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  6. 6. Suggestions for Implementing Curriculum--Cognitive Development • Play hiding games with familiar objects • Introduce games where actions are imitated and repeated • Follow the child’s lead • Verbalize the child’s actions ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  7. 7. Cognitive and Language Development • Language Development – About one year of age, infants typically speak their first recognizable words and use a combination of sounds, babbling, and single words to communicate with themselves and others – Responsiveness to babbling builds vocabulary – Book reading guides young children in turn-taking patterns and conversation – Young children can express their ideas using writing tools ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  8. 8. Suggestions for Implementing Curriculum-- Language Development • Name important objects with one word • Reinforce talk about Mama and Dada • Use infant’s name when you talk with him • Label actions such as “bye-bye” • Read aloud to infants, point to pictures as you read • Allow infants to begin to scribble ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  9. 9. Emotional Development • Infants express feelings such as happiness and anger • Infants can now conceive of goals or desires and actively pursue them • Teachers must help infants and family members to develop rituals to deal with emotions • At this age, infants are developing preferences and independence • Redirecting negative behaviors to positive works better than drawing attention to negative • The temperaments of infants produce varying responses and intensity of response ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  10. 10. Suggestions for Implementing Curriculum-- Emotional Development • Use calm, quiet talking to describe feelings • Allow infants to make choices • Identify and record preferences, use this information for planning • Encourage attempts at self dressing and feeding • Provide attention for appropriate behavior • Use ‘no’ sparingly ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  11. 11. Social Development • The mobility infants now have enables them to encounter different people or to move away from them • Infants at this age do not clearly separate others’ desires and needs from their own • Securely attached mobile infants will stay with a trusted caregiver, watching newcomers with a healthy suspicion ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  12. 12. Suggestions for Implementing Curriculum-- Social Development • Low teacher-child ratios and a primary caregiving system assist in meeting the social needs of infants • Verbalize limits and help infant choose other activities and materials • Play responsive games like ‘patty-cake’ • Provide enough toys and materials so infant does not need to share • Provide positive verbal attention even though you may be busy with another child ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  13. 13. Spotlight on Research • Infants and Divorce – Given the importance of healthy attachment, the impact of divorce on very young children should not be overlooked – Infants are especially vulnerable to emotional and physical effects of divorce – Research has substantiated the positive impact of both mothers and fathers on developmental outcomes ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  14. 14. Checkpoint Discussion Questions • List five strategies you can use to facilitate the physical development of an infant in this age range. • An 11-month-old is responding to labels of objects. Describe a game you can play with this child to stimulate the child’s understanding and use of language. ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  15. 15. Checkpoint Discussion Questions • Why is sharing difficult for the infant between 8 and 12 months of age? • Identify four ways an infant in this age range asserts independence. • Explain the concept of object permanence and how it reflects and impacts both social and cognitive development. ©2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
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