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©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Chapter 3
Inclusive Programs for Young Children
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Types of Inclusive Programs
• Child care programs
– Family child care—care pr...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Types of Inclusive Programs (continued)
– Corporate child care—business-run c...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Types of Inclusive Programs (continued)
• Preschool—programs that serve child...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Types of Inclusive Programs (continued)
– Community-based programs
• Run by t...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Types of Inclusive Programs (continued)
• Head Start
– Began in 1965 to help ...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Types of Inclusive Programs (continued)
• School aged children
– Public and s...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Types of Inclusive Programs (continued)
• Recreational programs
– Sports, art...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
System of Supports and Services
– DEC/NAEYC Joint Position Paper on
Inclusion...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Recommended Practices for Programs
• Best practices
– Research-based—supporte...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Recommended Practices for Programs
(continued)
– Cross-disciplinary—professio...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Birth to Age Two
• Relationships among caregi...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Birth to Age Two (continued)
• Environment an...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Birth to Age Two (continued)
• Equipment
– Br...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Birth to Age Two (continued)
• Health, safety...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Birth to Age Two (continued)
• Reciprocal rel...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Ages Three to Five
• Creating a caring commun...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Ages Three to Five (continued)
• Teaching to ...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Ages Three to Five (continued)
• Constructing...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Ages Three to Five (continued)
• Assessing ch...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Ages Three to Five (continued)
• Reciprocal r...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Ages Six to Eight (continued)
• Creating a ca...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Ages Six to Eight (continued)
• Teaching to e...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Ages Six to Eight (continued)
• Constructing ...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Ages Six to Eight (continued)
• Integrated cu...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Ages Six to Eight (continued)
• Guidance of s...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Ages Six to Eight (continued)
• Assessing lea...
©2012 Cengage Learning.
All Rights Reserved.
Inclusive Programs for Children
Ages Six to Eight (continued)
• Reciprocal re...
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Chapter03 allen7e

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EDU 221 Children With Exceptionalities

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Transcript of "Chapter03 allen7e"

  1. 1. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Chapter 3 Inclusive Programs for Young Children
  2. 2. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Types of Inclusive Programs • Child care programs – Family child care—care provided in someone’s home for six or fewer children • In some states they are licensed. – Center child care—child care provided in a separate setting, similar to a school • They are multiple providers and one to many classrooms. Staff to child ratios are set by the state.
  3. 3. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Types of Inclusive Programs (continued) – Corporate child care—business-run child care for their employees • Employees can then visit their child more often.
  4. 4. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Types of Inclusive Programs (continued) • Preschool—programs that serve children ages three to five; usually half-day programs – Public preschool • Preschool offered in the public school usually as compensatory education, for children who are disadvantaged
  5. 5. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Types of Inclusive Programs (continued) – Community-based programs • Run by the community with heavy parent involvement; often called parent cooperatives • Found in churches, temples, and religious community centers
  6. 6. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Types of Inclusive Programs (continued) • Head Start – Began in 1965 to help disadvantaged children become better prepared to enter school ready – Now serves over 900,000 children – Ten percent of the population must be children with documented special needs
  7. 7. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Types of Inclusive Programs (continued) • School aged children – Public and some private offer services to children age Kindergarten and up. A full range of services may be available. – Before- and after-school care can also be provided.
  8. 8. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Types of Inclusive Programs (continued) • Recreational programs – Sports, art, dance, and music classes may be offered for children age three and up. – Many are inclusive and provide opportunities for all children.
  9. 9. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. System of Supports and Services – DEC/NAEYC Joint Position Paper on Inclusion (2009) established a system of services and supports that reflect the needs of children with varying disabilities
  10. 10. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Recommended Practices for Programs • Best practices – Research-based—supported by empirical research, not personal or societal reflections – Family-centered—includes the family and realizes that the child is a family member, not a separate identity – Multiculturally based—identifies family uniqueness and cultural competence
  11. 11. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Recommended Practices for Programs (continued) – Cross-disciplinary—professionals from all areas working together as a team – Developmentally/chronologically age appropriate—understanding child development and the impact on the child and family – Normalized—providing activities for children with disabilities to participate with their peers
  12. 12. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Birth to Age Two • Relationships among caregivers and children – Create an enabling environment • Children interact with their environment. • Communication is intentional. • Skills are practiced with appropriate materials. • Infants are given opportunities to respond to people and situations.
  13. 13. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Birth to Age Two (continued) • Environment and experiences – Children are allowed and expected to interact with their surroundings. – Children engage in activities that are developmentally appropriate. – Activities move from simple to complex.
  14. 14. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Birth to Age Two (continued) • Equipment – Bright, colorful, and well-organized. – Appropriate materials: • Sturdy picture books • Household items • Climbing apparatus • Mirrors • Nesting toys, and the like
  15. 15. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Birth to Age Two (continued) • Health, safety, and nutrition – Follow safety guidelines when purchasing toys and materials. – Sanitize. – Prepare well-balanced menus, being mindful of allergies.
  16. 16. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Birth to Age Two (continued) • Reciprocal relationships with families – Parents are the primary caregivers. – Positive interactions are key: • Be honest. • Use words they can understand. • Be mindful of culture.
  17. 17. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Ages Three to Five • Creating a caring community of learners – Learning communities are developed where children celebrate the accomplishments of one or all. – Peer relationships are encouraged.
  18. 18. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Ages Three to Five (continued) • Teaching to enhance development and learning – Children are given developmentally and age- appropriate materials. – Teachers teach the lesson. – Exploration follows. – Multiple “right” answers are discovered.
  19. 19. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Ages Three to Five (continued) • Constructing an appropriate curriculum – Play is valued. – Goals are developed and based on developing a child’s areas of weakness. • Social-emotional development • Communication and literacy development • Physical development • Aesthetic development
  20. 20. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Ages Three to Five (continued) • Assessing children’s learning and development – Assessing children to determine what to teach – Further developmental domains – NCLB requires assessment for documentation of learning
  21. 21. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Ages Three to Five (continued) • Reciprocal relationships with parents – Establish regular communication • Newsletters • Weekly/daily notes
  22. 22. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Ages Six to Eight (continued) • Creating a caring community of learners – Positive climates for learning – Building democratic communities – Group work
  23. 23. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Ages Six to Eight (continued) • Teaching to enhance development and learning – Student exploration and child-initiated inquiry – Explicit academic instruction of basic skills – Play – Active learning
  24. 24. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Ages Six to Eight (continued) • Constructing appropriate curriculum – Establish a foundation for lifelong learning. – Promote self-esteem. – Develop confidence and independence.
  25. 25. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Ages Six to Eight (continued) • Integrated curriculum – Teach around themes, experiences, and projects that include a variety of skills. – Resist boundaries between subject areas.
  26. 26. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Ages Six to Eight (continued) • Guidance of social-emotional development – Peer relationships – Friendships – Self-control – Self-assessment – Problem solving
  27. 27. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Ages Six to Eight (continued) • Assessing learning and development – These should be contextually based and formative. – Evaluate mistakes as not what children do not know, but how they arrived at that answer. – Progress reports and portfolios are used. – Observation is key.
  28. 28. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Inclusive Programs for Children Ages Six to Eight (continued) • Reciprocal relationships with parents – Develop a good working relationship. – Publish newsletters, weekly reports. – Encourage parents to visit and volunteer in the classroom.
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