MINERVA technical guidelines, VSMM conference October 2008
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  • 1. Technical Guidelines for digital cultural content creation programmes: Version 2.0 Kate Fernie
  • 2. Background
    • In 2003 MINERVA working group identified
      • best practice projects / initiatives
      • potential for agreement on common technical standards
    • Meetings with other EU Projects: EMII, PULLMAN
    • Review of issues identified by DIGICult
    • Experience of developing interoperable services in UK
  • 3. Version 1.0
    • Published in April 2004
    • For policy-makers and funding programmes for the creation of digital cultural content
    • identified areas where there is broad agreement on technical standards
    • No surprizes!
  • 4. Primary sources
    • NOF-digitise Technical Standards and Guidelines (Version 5, February 2003) and additional information from its technical advisory service (UKOLN and AHDS).
    • The European Museums’ Information Institute Framework Report and its Digital Capture Model (September 2003).
    • MINERVA Good Practice Handbook (Version 1.2, November 2003).
    • DCC Diffuse standards registry
  • 5. Other sources
    • NISO/IMLS Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections
    • NINCH Guide to Good Practice in the Digital Representation and Management of Cultural Heritage Materials
    • RLG Cultural Materials Initiative: Recommendations for Digitizing and Description Guidelines
    • Canadian Heritage standards & guidelines: digitisation projects
    • Distributed National Electronic Resource (DNER): Standards and Guidelines to Build a National Resource
    • JISC information environment architecture standards framework
    • PULMAN Guidelines
  • 6.
    • First edition of the Technical Guidelines:
    • 30,000+ downloads
    • Translated into Dutch, French, German, Greek and Italian
    • Implemented by funding programmes across Europe
    • also used by digitisation projects
    Success story
  • 7.
    • Some things stay the same, the guidelines still:
      • Identify areas where there is broad agreement
      • Not a single prescriptive set of
      • Reflect a ‘life cycle’ approach to digitisation process
    • Some things have changed:
      • New and updated standards, New projects have come online
      • Advances in technology and practice
      • Impact of Web 2.0 and new lightweight standards
      • Some gaps to be filled
    Towards a new edition
  • 8. What do they contain?
    • Projects and Planning
    • Preparing for the digitisation process
    • Storage and management of digital master material
    • Metadata, standards and resource discovery
    • Publishing on the web
    • Delivery formats
    • Re-use and repurposing
    • Intellectual property rights, copyright, licencing and sustainability
  • 9. Storage and management of digital master material
    • 4.1. File Formats
    • Text; Still Images; Video; Audio; Multimedia;
    • GIS; 3D and Virtual Reality
    • 4.2. Media choices
    • 4.3. Preservation Strategies
    • New Standards
    • PDF, PDF/A, JPG 2000, TT, X3D
  • 10. Guidelines 4.1.6. GIS GIS (Geographic Information Systems) can be used to integrate, store, edit, manage and present data which are spatially referenced (linked to location). The data that may be integrated in a GIS include raster images (e.g. digitised historic maps), vector images (e.g. maps captured using drawing software or data captured in the field using electronic measuring instruments), text and numeric data (e.g. databases describing the attributes of a location).
  • 11. Recommendations
    • Geographic Information should be created and stored using non-proprietary and open data formats (such as the OpenGIS Geography Markup Language (GML)) and standards maintained by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) and ISO; there are over 40 ISO standards which address a diverse range of functions. Use of proprietary data formats may be appropriate however projects should explore a migration strategy to open formats.
    4.1.6. GIS
  • 12. References Standards: ISO/TC 112 <http://www.isotc211.org/> Available 2008-04-28 Open Geospatial Consortium standards and specifications <http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards> Available 2008-08-28 Guidance: Geographic Information Systems, Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geographic_information_system> Available 2008-04-28 GIS File formats, Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:GIS_file_formats> Available 2008-08-28 4.1.6. GIS
  • 13.
    • Some new areas in the technical guidelines
  • 14. Semantic web
    • Projects may wish to take advantage of the capacities to share and reuse data on the Web that are provided by a family of specifications coordinated by W3C’s Semantic Web activity. Within its framework of recommendations W3C’s Semantic Web activity has specified several formal knowledge representation languages, like:
    • Resource Description Framework (RDF),
    • Simple Knowledge Organisation System (SKOS),
    • Web Ontology Language (OWL)
  • 15. Publishing on the web
    • MINERVA Quality principles
    • Accessibility, Security, Authenticity, Authentication
    • Search engine optimization
      • Following best practices in web site design by separating style from content, minimizing JavaScript and streamlining code to allow search engines to crawl, index and rank web pages more easily.
    • Web 2.0-3.0
  • 16.
    • Technologies:
      • Syndicating content: RSS, RDF, Atom
      • Web services and APIs: SOAP, REST
      • Blogs, wikis, social tagging, mashups
      • Lightweight development enviroments: AJAX
    • User perspectives
      • MINERVA Handbook on cultural web user interaction
    • Factors to take into consideration
      • Risk assessment
    • Benefits
    Current and future trends: Web 2.0-3.0
  • 17. Where we are today
    • Version 2.0 is available
    • http://www.minervaeurope.org/interoperability/technicalguidelines.htm
  • 18. Bookmarks on Delicious http://delicious.com/MinervaTG/MINERVA-TG
  • 19. Thank you for your attention! [email_address]