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Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase
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Impact of ANSI Standards on Fall Protection Equipment Purchase

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The ANSI Z359 fall protection standards have been transitioning from system-based standards to component-based standards. While this transition takes place, it can be challenging to determine what …

The ANSI Z359 fall protection standards have been transitioning from system-based standards to component-based standards. While this transition takes place, it can be challenging to determine what fall protection equipment to purchase. This presentation helps you decide what equipment to purchase when to protection your workers at height.

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  • Fatal work injuries involving falls increased 5 percent in 2006 after a sharp decrease in 2005. The 809 fatal falls in 2006 was the third highest total since 1992, when the fatality census began. Fatal falls from roofs increased from 160 fatalities in 2005 to 184 in 2006, a rise of 15 percent.
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    • 1. IMPACT OF ANSI STANDARDS ON FALL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT PURCHASE THOMAS E. KRAMER, P.E., C.S.P. - PRINCIPAL TKramer@LJBInc.com; Phone: (937) 259-5120 KIM K. MESSER, KMesser@LJBInc.com; Phone: (937) 259-5000
    • 2. LEARNING OBECTIVES <ul><li>Discuss why the ANSI Z359 standards are changing </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the financial impact of making the wrong decision </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how to best incorporate new standards into your program </li></ul><ul><li>Identify keys areas for immediate attention </li></ul>
    • 3. CALL TO ACTION <ul><li>Evaluate your existing systems </li></ul><ul><li>Consider changes to your training </li></ul><ul><li>Inform workers of the differences </li></ul><ul><li>Determine which of the case studies apply to your organization and apply lessons learned </li></ul>
    • 4. SHORT ANSWER <ul><li>Why do you think organizations struggle with implementation of new ANSI standards? </li></ul><ul><li>How long after the publishing of an ANSI standard does your organization want to be fully implemented? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>How confusing will this transition be for your organization? </li></ul>
    • 5. AGENDA <ul><li>Background – regulations and standards </li></ul><ul><li>Which standard is current? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anchorages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of current and proposed fall protection standards </li></ul>
    • 6. TOTAL FALL FATALITIES Source: BLS Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries
    • 7. HIERARCHY OF CONTROL Defeatability Effectiveness Elimination Substitution Engineering controls Administrative controls Personal protective equipment (PPE)
    • 8. OSHA VS. ANSI <ul><li>Is the law </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations are created through the legislative process </li></ul><ul><li>Significant challenge in creating and updating regulations </li></ul>OSHA ANSI <ul><li>Voluntary standard </li></ul><ul><li>Establish state of the art requirements and are created by experts from all sides of the industry, sometimes including OSHA </li></ul>VS.
    • 9. O S H A Draft Proposed Safety and Health Program Rule (core elements of a health and safety program); interpretation letters & memos; compliance directives General Industry (1910) Construction (1926) Subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Subpart M (1926) – fall protection Proposed subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Proposed subpart I (1910) – personal protective fall equipment (both documents originally proposed in April 1990) Subpart X (1926) – stairs and ladders Subpart L (1926) – scaffolding Subpart F (1910) – powered and vehicle-mounted work platform and manlifts 1910.66 Appendix C – fall protection for Subpart F Subpart R (1926) – steel erection Subpart N (1926) – cranes, derricks, hoists, elevators and conveyors Subpart J (1910) – permit-required confined spaces Subpart E (1926) – personal protective & life saving equipment Subpart N (1910) – material handling and storage Subpart C (1926) – general safety & health provisions Subpart R (1910) – electric power generation and telecommunications Subpart S (1926) – underground construction (tunnels) STD 1-1.13 – Fall protection in general industry (frequency of hazard exposure used to determine abatement) Subpart V (1926) – power transmission and distribution A N S I ANSI A14 series – ladders (portable & fixed) ANSI A92 series – lifts ANSI/ITSDF B56.1 – fork lifts General Industry Construction ANSI Z359.1-1992 – fall arrest equipment ANSI Z359-2007 – effective date: (11/24/07) ANSI Z359.6 – effective (11/16/09) ANSI Z359 component standards – under development ANSI A1264 series – walking working surfaces and stairs ANSI/IWCA I14.1 – window cleaning safety ANSI A10.32 – fall protection equipment ANSI A10 series – safety in construction and demolition
    • 10. O S H A Draft Proposed Safety and Health Program Rule (core elements of a health and safety program); interpretation letters & memos; compliance directives General Industry (1910) Construction (1926) Subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Subpart M (1926) – fall protection Proposed subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Proposed subpart I (1910) – personal protective fall equipment (both documents originally proposed in April 1990) Subpart X (1926) – stairs and ladders Subpart L (1926) – scaffolding Subpart F (1910) – powered and vehicle-mounted work platform and manlifts 1910.66 Appendix C – fall protection for Subpart F Subpart R (1926) – steel erection Subpart N (1926) – cranes, derricks, hoists, elevators and conveyors Subpart J (1910) – permit-required confined spaces Subpart E (1926) – personal protective & life saving equipment Subpart N (1910) – material handling and storage Subpart C (1926) – general safety & health provisions Subpart R (1910) – electric power generation and telecommunications Subpart S (1926) – underground construction (tunnels) STD 1-1.13 – Fall protection in general industry (frequency of hazard exposure used to determine abatement) Subpart V (1926) – power transmission and distribution A N S I ANSI A14 series – ladders (portable & fixed) ANSI A92 series – lifts ANSI/ITSDF B56.1 – fork lifts General Industry Construction ANSI Z359.1-1992 – fall arrest equipment ANSI Z359-2007 – effective date: (11/24/07) ANSI Z359.6 – effective (11/16/09) ANSI Z359 component standards – under development ANSI A1264 series – walking working surfaces and stairs ANSI/IWCA I14.1 – window cleaning safety ANSI A10.32 – fall protection equipment ANSI A10 series – safety in construction and demolition
    • 11. O S H A Draft Proposed Safety and Health Program Rule (core elements of a health and safety program); interpretation letters & memos; compliance directives General Industry (1910) Construction (1926) Subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Subpart M (1926) – fall protection Proposed subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Proposed subpart I (1910) – personal protective fall equipment (both documents originally proposed in April 1990) Subpart X (1926) – stairs and ladders Subpart L (1926) – scaffolding Subpart F (1910) – powered and vehicle-mounted work platform and manlifts 1910.66 Appendix C – fall protection for Subpart F Subpart R (1926) – steel erection Subpart N (1926) – cranes, derricks, hoists, elevators and conveyors Subpart J (1910) – permit-required confined spaces Subpart E (1926) – personal protective & life saving equipment Subpart N (1910) – material handling and storage Subpart C (1926) – general safety & health provisions Subpart R (1910) – electric power generation and telecommunications Subpart S (1926) – underground construction (tunnels) STD 1-1.13 – Fall protection in general industry (frequency of hazard exposure used to determine abatement) Subpart V (1926) – power transmission and distribution A N S I ANSI A14 series – ladders (portable & fixed) ANSI A92 series – lifts ANSI/ITSDF B56.1 – fork lifts General Industry Construction ANSI Z359.1-1992 – fall arrest equipment ANSI Z359-2007 – effective date: (11/24/07) ANSI Z359.6 – effective (11/16/09) ANSI Z359 component standards – under development ANSI A1264 series – walking working surfaces and stairs ANSI/IWCA I14.1 – window cleaning safety ANSI A10.32 – fall protection equipment ANSI A10 series – safety in construction and demolition
    • 12. O S H A Draft Proposed Safety and Health Program Rule (core elements of a health and safety program); interpretation letters & memos; compliance directives General Industry (1910) Construction (1926) Subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Subpart M (1926) – fall protection Proposed subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Proposed subpart I (1910) – personal protective fall equipment (both documents originally proposed in April 1990) Subpart X (1926) – stairs and ladders Subpart L (1926) – scaffolding Subpart F (1910) – powered and vehicle-mounted work platform and manlifts 1910.66 Appendix C – fall protection for Subpart F Subpart R (1926) – steel erection Subpart N (1926) – cranes, derricks, hoists, elevators and conveyors Subpart J (1910) – permit-required confined spaces Subpart E (1926) – personal protective & life saving equipment Subpart N (1910) – material handling and storage Subpart C (1926) – general safety & health provisions Subpart R (1910) – electric power generation and telecommunications Subpart S (1926) – underground construction (tunnels) STD 1-1.13 – Fall protection in general industry (frequency of hazard exposure used to determine abatement) Subpart V (1926) – power transmission and distribution A N S I ANSI A14 series – ladders (portable & fixed) ANSI A92 series – lifts ANSI/ITSDF B56.1 – fork lifts General Industry Construction ANSI Z359.1-1992 – fall arrest equipment ANSI Z359-2007 – effective date: (11/24/07) ANSI Z359.6 – effective (11/16/09) ANSI Z359 component standards – under development ANSI A1264 series – walking working surfaces and stairs ANSI/IWCA I14.1 – window cleaning safety ANSI A10.32 – fall protection equipment ANSI A10 series – safety in construction and demolition
    • 13. WHICH STANDARD IS CURRENT? <ul><li>Past (pre November 2007) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.1-1992(R1999) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Harnesses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lanyards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PEA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self-retracting devices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 14. WHICH STANDARD IS CURRENT? <ul><li>Present (November 2007 until 2014?) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359 component standards, where applicable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.12-2009 (connectors) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.13-2009 (personal energy absorbers and lanyards) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.14-2012 (Self-retracting devices) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.1-2007, when component standard does not exist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: harnesses, anchorage connector straps, vertical lifelines, fall arrestors </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 15. WHICH STANDARD IS CURRENT? <ul><li>Future (2014? and beyond) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359 component standards </li></ul></ul>
    • 16. WHAT EQUIPMENT DO I PURCHASE? <ul><li>How quickly do you replace the product? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weight used for test </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy absorber </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fall factor 2 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Misuse of connectors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self-retracting device over an edge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is there a component standard yet? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 17. ANCHORAGES <ul><li>ANSI Z359.6-2009 </li></ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.2-2007 (caution) </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA </li></ul><ul><li>ANSI includes requirements for certification of systems </li></ul>
    • 18. AGENDA <ul><li>Background – regulations and standards </li></ul><ul><li>Which standard is current? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anchorages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of current and proposed fall protection standards </li></ul>
    • 19. CASE STUDY #1 <ul><li>Organization is still using connectors that meet ANSI Z359.1-1992 (R1999) standard </li></ul><ul><li>The issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gate strength was 220 lbs. (front) and 350 lbs. (side) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gate strength now 3,600 lbs. (front and side) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bending of connector not addressed </li></ul></ul>
    • 20. CASE STUDY #1 <ul><li>The solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing connectors safe, new connectors safer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use connectors that meet Z359.1-2007 or Z359.12-2009 </li></ul></ul>
    • 21. CASE STUDY #2 <ul><li>Organization is still using lanyards that meet ANSI Z359.1-2007 or earlier standards </li></ul><ul><li>The issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Test mass for energy absorbers being increased to 282 lbs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No equipment manufacturer has recalled a lanyard </li></ul></ul>
    • 22. CASE STUDY #2 <ul><li>The solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use ANSI Z359.13-2009 rated lanyard and/or limit use of pre-2009 lanyards to 130 to 242 lbs. </li></ul></ul>
    • 23. CASE STUDY #3 <ul><li>Leading edge application for SRLs and VLLs </li></ul><ul><li>The issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some SRLs do not work in a horizontal arrangement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy absorber is located close to the anchorage instead of close to body </li></ul></ul>
    • 24. CASE STUDY #3 <ul><li>The solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For SRLs, you will soon be able to purchase equipment that meets the ANSI Z359.14-2012 standard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For VLLs, provide protection to lifeline and keep energy absorber close to the person’s body </li></ul></ul>
    • 25. CASE STUDY #4 <ul><li>“ Ballast” style anchorage is determined to be best solution </li></ul><ul><li>The issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is not an ANSI Z359 standard that addresses this yet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These systems are dependent on the surface and other conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In many cases, they move </li></ul></ul>
    • 26. CASE STUDY #4 <ul><li>The solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Critically evaluate and get site-specific data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It will be at least 18 months before this is addressed in ANSI Z359.18-20XX </li></ul></ul>
    • 27. CASE STUDY #5 <ul><li>Proprietary horizontal system is needed </li></ul>
    • 28. CASE STUDY #5 <ul><li>The issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is not an ANSI Z359 standard that addresses this yet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Price by “turnkey” installers can vary greatly on what is provided </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Bridging documents” are often absent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Critically evaluate, have a preliminary design and prepare a specification to “qualify” systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It will be at least 9 months before they are addressed in ANSI Z359.17-20XX </li></ul></ul>
    • 29. CASE STUDY #6 <ul><li>Horizontal lifelines overstressed when the workers weight exceeded 250 pounds </li></ul>
    • 30. CASE STUDY #6 <ul><li>The issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most “proprietary” horizontal lifeline systems are only designed for a 220 lbs (100kg) user weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test mass for energy absorbers being increased to 282 lbs. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>De-rate horizontal lifeline or use new lanyards that meet ANSI Z359.13-2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verify the maximum user weight for your specific system </li></ul></ul>
    • 31. CASE STUDY #7 <ul><li>Load testing seems to be needed for my system </li></ul>
    • 32. CASE STUDY #7 <ul><li>The issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The only information in an ANSI standard (I14.1) addresses this incompletely – in my opinion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do I load it to and will this load damage it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What should I load test? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare a project-specific load testing manual and load testing plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It will be at least 24 months before they are addressed in ANSI Z359.6-20XX </li></ul></ul>
    • 33. AGENDA <ul><li>Background – regulations and standards </li></ul><ul><li>Which standard is current? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anchorages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of current and proposed fall protection standards </li></ul>
    • 34. <ul><li>Z359.1: Safety requirements for personal fall arrest systems… </li></ul><ul><li>Z359.3: Safety requirements for positioning and travel restraint systems </li></ul><ul><li>Z359.4: Safety requirements for assisted-rescue and self-rescue systems… </li></ul><ul><li>Z359.2: Minimum requirements for a comprehensive managed fall protection program </li></ul><ul><li>Z359.0: Definitions and nomenclature </li></ul>ANSI Z359-2007 FAMILY OF STANDARDS
    • 35. <ul><li>Z359.6: Specifications and design requirements for active fall-protection systems </li></ul><ul><li>Z359.12: Connecting Components for Personal Fall Arrest Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Z359.13: Personal Energy Absorbers and Energy Absorbing Lanyards </li></ul><ul><li>Z359.0: Definitions and nomenclature (UPDATED) </li></ul><ul><li>Effective on 16 Nov 2009 </li></ul>ANSI Z359-2009 FAMILY OF STANDARDS
    • 36. RECENT Z359 STANDARDS <ul><li>ANSI Z359.7-2011 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements for Third-Party & Self-Certification for Personal Fall Arrest Systems (PFAS) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.14-2012 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety Requirements for Self Retracting Devices </li></ul></ul>
    • 37. FUTURE Z359 STANDARDS <ul><li>ANSI Z359.5-20XX </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems (PFAS) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.8-20XX </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rope Access Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.9-20XX </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety Requirements/Personal Equipment for Protection Against Falls - Descending Devices </li></ul></ul>
    • 38. FUTURE Z359 STANDARDS <ul><li>ANSI Z359.11-20XX </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety Requirements for Full Body Harness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.15-20XX </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety Requirements for Lifelines and Fall Arresters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.16-20XX </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety Requirements for Lifelines, Rails, and Fall Arresters for Fixed Ladder Fall Arrest Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.17-20XX </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety Requirements for Horizontal Lifelines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.18-20XX </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety Requirements for Anchorage Connectors </li></ul></ul>
    • 39. FALL PROTECTION STANDARDS <ul><li>Z359 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-construction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A1264 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Walking/working surfaces and stairs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A10.32 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I14.1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Window cleaning safety </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A14 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ladders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A92 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aerial lifts </li></ul></ul>
    • 40. CALL TO ACTION <ul><li>Evaluate your existing systems </li></ul><ul><li>Consider changes to your training </li></ul><ul><li>Inform workers of the differences </li></ul><ul><li>Determine which of the case studies apply to your organization and apply lessons learned </li></ul>
    • 41. IMPACT OF ANSI STANDARDS ON FALL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT PURCHASE THOMAS E. KRAMER, P.E., C.S.P. - PRINCIPAL TKramer@LJBInc.com; Phone: (937) 259-5120

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