Fall Protection Equipment Overview
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Fall Protection Equipment Overview

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Fall protection is a complex subject with a variety of regulations, standards and equipment to consider. It can be challenging to ensure you are selecting the most current equipment on the market. ...

Fall protection is a complex subject with a variety of regulations, standards and equipment to consider. It can be challenging to ensure you are selecting the most current equipment on the market.
This webinar, offered by LJB Inc., provides guidance on which standards should be referenced when specifying and purchasing equipment.

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  • Fatal work injuries involving falls increased 5 percent in 2006 after a sharp decrease in 2005. The 809 fatal falls in 2006 was the third highest total since 1992, when the fatality census began. Fatal falls from roofs increased from 160 fatalities in 2005 to 184 in 2006, a rise of 15 percent.
  • Fatal work injuries involving falls increased 5 percent in 2006 after a sharp decrease in 2005. The 809 fatal falls in 2006 was the third highest total since 1992, when the fatality census began. Fatal falls from roofs increased from 160 fatalities in 2005 to 184 in 2006, a rise of 15 percent.
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  • 2b. Side pull on eye bolt and epoxy anchor not installed correctly.

Fall Protection Equipment Overview Fall Protection Equipment Overview Presentation Transcript

  • FALL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT OVERVIEW
  • LEARNING OBECTIVES
    • Review fundamental aspects of personal protective equipment for fall protection
    • Discuss how to best incorporate new standards and regulations into your program
    • Decide which regulations and standards are most important when selecting equipment and designing fall protection systems
  • AGENDA
    • Background – regulations and standards
    • Overview of active fall protection systems
    • Equipment selection considerations
      • Relevant regulations and standards
      • Impact on training
    • Closing
  • TOTAL FALL FATALITIES Source: BLS Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries
  • TOTAL FALL FATALITIES Source: BLS Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries
  • HIERARCHY OF CONTROL Defeatability Effectiveness Elimination Substitution Engineering controls Administrative controls Personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • A,B,C & R’S OF FALL PROTECTION
    • = Anchorage
    • = Body support
    • = Connecting means
    • = Rescue
    A B C R
  • OSHA VS. ANSI
    • Is the law
    • Regulations are created through the legislative process
    • Significant challenge in creating and updating regulations
    OSHA ANSI
    • Voluntary standard
    • Establish state of the art requirements and are created by experts from all sides of the industry, sometimes including OSHA
    VS.
  • ANSI A10.32 – fall protection equipment ANSI A10 series – safety in construction and demolition ANSI Z359.1-1992 – fall arrest equipment ANSI Z359-2007 – effective date: (11/24/07) ANSI Z359.6 – effective (11/16/09) ANSI Z359 component standards – under development ANSI A1264 series – walking working surfaces and stairs ANSI/IWCA I14.1 – window cleaning safety Construction General Industry ANSI/ITSDF B56.1 – fork lifts ANSI A14 series – ladders (portable & fixed) ANSI A92 series – lifts A N S I Subpart V (1926) – power transmission and distribution STD 1-1.13 – Fall protection in general industry (frequency of hazard exposure used to determine abatement) Subpart S (1926) – underground construction (tunnels) Subpart R (1910) – electric power generation and telecommunications Subpart C (1926) – general safety & health provisions Subpart N (1910) – material handling and storage Subpart E (1926) – personal protective & life saving equipment Subpart J (1910) – permit-required confined spaces Subpart N (1926) – cranes, derricks, hoists, elevators and conveyors Subpart R (1926) – steel erection Subpart F (1910) – powered and vehicle-mounted work platform and manlifts 1910.66 Appendix C – fall protection for Subpart F Subpart L (1926) – scaffolding Subpart X (1926) – stairs and ladders Proposed subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Proposed subpart I (1910) – personal protective fall equipment (both documents originally proposed in April 1990) Subpart M (1926) – fall protection Subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Construction (1926) General Industry (1910) Draft Proposed Safety and Health Program Rule (core elements of a health and safety program); interpretation letters & memos; compliance directives O S H A
  • ANSI A10.32 – fall protection equipment ANSI A10 series – safety in construction and demolition ANSI Z359.1-1992 – fall arrest equipment ANSI Z359-2007 – effective date: (11/24/07) ANSI Z359.6 – effective (11/16/09) ANSI Z359 component standards – under development ANSI A1264 series – walking working surfaces and stairs ANSI/IWCA I14.1 – window cleaning safety Construction General Industry ANSI/ITSDF B56.1 – fork lifts ANSI A14 series – ladders (portable & fixed) ANSI A92 series – lifts A N S I Subpart V (1926) – power transmission and distribution STD 1-1.13 – Fall protection in general industry (frequency of hazard exposure used to determine abatement) Subpart S (1926) – underground construction (tunnels) Subpart R (1910) – electric power generation and telecommunications Subpart C (1926) – general safety & health provisions Subpart N (1910) – material handling and storage Subpart E (1926) – personal protective & life saving equipment Subpart J (1910) – permit-required confined spaces Subpart N (1926) – cranes, derricks, hoists, elevators and conveyors Subpart R (1926) – steel erection Subpart F (1910) – powered and vehicle-mounted work platform and manlifts 1910.66 Appendix C – fall protection for Subpart F Subpart L (1926) – scaffolding Subpart X (1926) – stairs and ladders Proposed subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Proposed subpart I (1910) – personal protective fall equipment (both documents originally proposed in April 1990) Subpart M (1926) – fall protection Subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Construction (1926) General Industry (1910) Draft Proposed Safety and Health Program Rule (core elements of a health and safety program); interpretation letters & memos; compliance directives O S H A
  • ANSI A10.32 – fall protection equipment ANSI A10 series – safety in construction and demolition ANSI Z359.1-1992 – fall arrest equipment ANSI Z359-2007 – effective date: (11/24/07) ANSI Z359.6 – effective (11/16/09) ANSI Z359 component standards – under development ANSI A1264 series – walking working surfaces and stairs ANSI/IWCA I14.1 – window cleaning safety Construction General Industry ANSI/ITSDF B56.1 – fork lifts ANSI A14 series – ladders (portable & fixed) ANSI A92 series – lifts A N S I Subpart V (1926) – power transmission and distribution STD 1-1.13 – Fall protection in general industry (frequency of hazard exposure used to determine abatement) Subpart S (1926) – underground construction (tunnels) Subpart R (1910) – electric power generation and telecommunications Subpart C (1926) – general safety & health provisions Subpart N (1910) – material handling and storage Subpart E (1926) – personal protective & life saving equipment Subpart J (1910) – permit-required confined spaces Subpart N (1926) – cranes, derricks, hoists, elevators and conveyors Subpart R (1926) – steel erection Subpart F (1910) – powered and vehicle-mounted work platform and manlifts 1910.66 Appendix C – fall protection for Subpart F Subpart L (1926) – scaffolding Subpart X (1926) – stairs and ladders Proposed subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Proposed subpart I (1910) – personal protective fall equipment (both documents originally proposed in April 1990) Subpart M (1926) – fall protection Subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Construction (1926) General Industry (1910) Draft Proposed Safety and Health Program Rule (core elements of a health and safety program); interpretation letters & memos; compliance directives O S H A
  • ANSI A10.32 – fall protection equipment ANSI A10 series – safety in construction and demolition ANSI Z359.1-1992 – fall arrest equipment ANSI Z359-2007 – effective date: (11/24/07) ANSI Z359.6 – effective (11/16/09) ANSI Z359 component standards – under development ANSI A1264 series – walking working surfaces and stairs ANSI/IWCA I14.1 – window cleaning safety Construction General Industry ANSI/ITSDF B56.1 – fork lifts ANSI A14 series – ladders (portable & fixed) ANSI A92 series – lifts A N S I Subpart V (1926) – power transmission and distribution STD 1-1.13 – Fall protection in general industry (frequency of hazard exposure used to determine abatement) Subpart S (1926) – underground construction (tunnels) Subpart R (1910) – electric power generation and telecommunications Subpart C (1926) – general safety & health provisions Subpart N (1910) – material handling and storage Subpart E (1926) – personal protective & life saving equipment Subpart J (1910) – permit-required confined spaces Subpart N (1926) – cranes, derricks, hoists, elevators and conveyors Subpart R (1926) – steel erection Subpart F (1910) – powered and vehicle-mounted work platform and manlifts 1910.66 Appendix C – fall protection for Subpart F Subpart L (1926) – scaffolding Subpart X (1926) – stairs and ladders Proposed subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Proposed subpart I (1910) – personal protective fall equipment (both documents originally proposed in April 1990) Subpart M (1926) – fall protection Subpart D (1910) – walking and working surfaces Construction (1926) General Industry (1910) Draft Proposed Safety and Health Program Rule (core elements of a health and safety program); interpretation letters & memos; compliance directives O S H A
  • A,B,C & R’S OF FALL PROTECTION
    • = Anchorage
    • = Body support
    • = Connecting means
    • = Rescue
    A B C R
  • ABCs (& R)
    • A nchorage
      • Restraint
      • Positioning
      • Arrest
      • Horizontal lifeline
      • Rescue
    • B
    • C
    • R
  • ANCHORAGES
    • ANSI Z359.6-2009
    • ANSI Z359.2-2007 (caution)
    • OSHA
  • ANCHORAGES
    • Difference between anchorage and anchorage connector:
      • Anchorage: structure in place regardless of fall protection
      • Anchorage connector: structure and components used to attach lanyard to anchorage (although not always needed).
        • Examples: anchorage connector straps, tripods, stanchions, mounting plates
  • ANCHORAGE v. ANCHORAGE CONNECTOR
  • ANCHORAGE v. ANCHORAGE CONNECTOR
  • ANCHORAGE v. ANCHORAGE CONNECTOR
  • ANCHORAGE v. ANCHORAGE CONNECTOR
  • ABCs (& R)
    • A nchorage
    • B ody support
      • Full body harness
      • Body belts (DO NOT USE!!!)
      • Weight limitation
    • C
    • R
  • BODY SUPPORT
    • ANSI Z359.1-2007 (fall arrest)
    • ANSI Z359.3-2007 (work positioning and restraint)
    • ANSI Z359.4-2007 (rescue)
    • ANSI Z359.1-1992 (caution)
    • OSHA (caution)
      • OSHA still references body belts – DO NOT USE!
    • Future: ANSI Z359.11 (my estimate Q2 2012)
  • ABCs (& R)
    • A nchorage
    • B ody support
    • C onnecting means
      • Connectors
      • Lanyards and energy absorbers
      • Self retracting devices
      • Lifelines and fall arrestors
      • Ladder climbing systems
      • Horizontal lifelines
      • Anchorage connectors
      • Rope systems
    • R
  • CONNECTORS
    • Buckles, d-rings, snaphooks
    • ANSI Z359.12-2009
    • ANSI Z359.1-2007
    • ANSI Z359.3-2007 (work positioning & restraint only)
    • ANSI Z359.4-2007 (rescue only)
    • ANSI Z359.1-1992 (do not purchase)
    • OSHA (caution)
    • Future: Revision of ANSI Z359.12 (my estimate Q2 2012)
  • ANSI Z359-1992 ANSI Z359-2007
  • LANYARDS AND ENERGY ABSORBERS
    • ANSI Z359.13-2009
    • ANSI Z359.1-2007 (caution)
    • ANSI Z359.1-1992 (do not purchase)
    • OSHA (caution)
  • SELF RETRACTING DEVICES
    • ANSI Z359.1-2007 (caution)
    • ANSI Z359.1-1992 (do not purchase)
    • OSHA (caution)
    • Future: ANSI Z359.14 (my estimate Q3 2011)
  • SELF RETRACTING DEVICES
  • SELF RETRACTING DEVICES
  • LIFELINES AND FALL ARRESTORS
    • ANSI Z359.1-2007
    • ANSI Z359.1-1992 (do not purchase)
    • OSHA (caution)
    • Future: ANSI Z359.15 (my estimate Q1 2013)
  • LADDER CLIMBING SYSTEMS
    • ANSI A14.3 (caution)
    • OSHA (caution)
      • Ladder climbing systems not mentioned in 1910, Subpart F
    • Future: ANSI Z359.16 (my estimate Q1 2013)
  • HORIZONTAL LIFELINES
    • Sometimes referred to as a “anchorage subsystem”
    • ANSI Z359.2 (caution)
    • OSHA (caution)
    • Future: ANSI Z359.17 (my estimate Q4 2011)
    • What does it mean to have a “certified horizontal lifeline system?”
      • Now
      • Future
  • ANCHORAGE CONNECTORS
    • ANSI Z359.1-2007 (caution)
    • ANSI Z359.1-1992 (caution)
    • OSHA (caution)
    • Future: ANSI Z359.18 (my estimate Q1 2014)
  • ABCs (& R)
    • A nchorage
    • B ody support
    • C onnecting means
    • R escue
      • Self-rescue
      • Assisted rescue (internal)
      • Assisted rescue (emergency response)
      • Assisted rescue (outside professional rope access)
  • RESCUE DEVICES
    • ANSI Z359.4-2007
    • Future: ANSI Z359.14 (my estimate Q3 2011)
  • AGENDA
    • Background – regulations and standards
    • Overview of active fall protection systems
    • Equipment selection considerations
      • Relevant regulations and standards
      • Impact on training
    • Closing
    • Z359.1: Safety requirements for personal fall arrest systems…
    • Z359.3: Safety requirements for positioning and travel restraint systems
    • Z359.4: Safety requirements for assisted-rescue and self-rescue systems…
    • Z359.2: Minimum requirements for a comprehensive managed fall protection program
    • Z359.0: Definitions and nomenclature
    ANSI Z359-2007 FAMILY OF STANDARDS
    • Z359.6: Specifications and design requirements for active fall-protection systems
    • Z359.12: Connecting Components for Personal Fall Arrest Systems
    • Z359.13: Personal Energy Absorbers and Energy Absorbing Lanyards
    • Z359.0: Definitions and nomenclature (UPDATED)
    • Effective on 16 Nov 2009
    ANSI Z359-2009 FAMILY OF STANDARDS
  • FUTURE Z359 STANDARDS
    • ANSI Z359.5-20XX
      • Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems (PFAS)
    • ANSI Z359.7-20XX
      • Requirements for Third-Party & Self-Certification for Personal Fall Arrest Systems (PFAS)
    • ANSI Z359.8-20XX
      • Rope Access Systems
    • ANSI Z359.9-20XX
      • Safety Requirements/Personal Equipment for Protection Against Falls - Descending Devices
  • FUTURE Z359 STANDARDS
    • ANSI Z359.11-20XX
      • Safety Requirements for Full Body Harness
    • ANSI Z359.14-20XX
      • Safety Requirements for Self Retracting Devices
    • ANSI Z359.15-20XX
      • Safety Requirements for Lifelines and Fall Arresters
    • ANSI Z359.16-20XX
      • Safety Requirements for Ladder Climbing Systems
  • FUTURE Z359 STANDARDS
    • ANSI Z359.17-20XX
      • Safety Requirements for Horizontal Lifelines
    • ANSI Z359.18-20XX
      • Safety Requirements for Anchorage Connectors
  • OTHER FALL PROTECTION STANDARDS
    • Z359
      • Non-construction
    • A1264
      • Walking/working surfaces and stairs
    • A10.32
      • Construction
    • I14.1
      • Window cleaning safety
    • A14
      • Ladders
    • A92
      • Aerial lifts
  • LEARNING OBECTIVES
    • Review fundamental aspects of personal protective equipment for fall protection
    • Discuss how to best incorporate new standards and regulations into your program
    • Decide which regulations and standards are most important when selecting equipment and designing fall protection systems
  • FALL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT OVERVIEW