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Lis201 xeroxparc final
 

Lis201 xeroxparc final

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Lis201 xeroxparc final Lis201 xeroxparc final Presentation Transcript

  • Dealers of Lightning: Xerox PARC and the Dawn of the Computer Age http://www.popsci.com/scitech/article/2008-04/peek-inside-parc
  • Dealers of Lightning
    • Part One: Introduction to the staff of PARC through personal narratives
    • Part Two: An overview of the creations and inventions of PARC
    • Part Three: The marketing of PARC innovations
    http://blog.paxholley.net/2010/11/19/microsoft-windows-1-0-was-released-25-years-ago-today/ http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-illustration-7705768-greek-god-zeus-with-lighting.php http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NzlG28B-R8Y
  • George Pake (center) breaks ground on PARC in 1970 The Creation of PARC http://screenrant.com/twilight-zone-movie-screenwriter-robf-17890/ http://www.theregister.co.uk/2010/09/20/parc_40th_anniversary/
  • Bob Taylor
    • Created the first distributed communications network or the ARPANET
    • Manager of Xerox PARC from 1970-1983
    • Dreamt of creating a personal computer with a easily accessible interface
    http://www.livinginternet.com/i/ii_ipto.htm
  • Alan Kay
    • Dreamt of creating personal computers that children could use
    • “ The best way to predict the future is to invent it”
    • Inspiration for the movie TRON
    http://www.comicsonline.com/book/export/html/8 http://unrev.stanford.edu/presenters/alan_kay/alan_kay.html http://dwtsinfo.com/index.php?q=Alan%20Kay http://dwtsinfo.com/index.php?q=Alan%20Kay
  • A Different Kind of Workplace http://c21org.typepad.com/ http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/print/9186198/Xerox_PARC_turns_40_Marking_four_decades_of_tech_innovations?taxonomyName=Applications&taxonomyId=18
  • PARC’s Advantages
    • Unlimited funding
    • Research talent
    • Teamwork atmosphere
    • No deadlines
    • Enthusiasm for learning
    • PARC had spent 90 million dollars by 1977
    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/centralamericaandthecaribbean/mexico/2988256/Mexican-military-seizes-26m-in-cash.html http://managerofwealth.wordpress.com/ http://www.kraka.com/DesignPortfolio/tivoli.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u6ILsMTEDEw
  • Dreamer’s Paradise
    • Bill English wanted to finish Engelbart’s work on Memex
    • Alan Kay wanted to create personal computers
    • Bob Taylor wanted to work on the visual interface of the computer
    • Gary Starkweather dreamed of implementing lasers in printer technology
    http://www2.parc.com/ops/members/brown/storytelling/JSB.html
  • Memex after Engelbart
    • http://histinf.blogs.upv.es/page/3/
    • William English had worked for Engelbart since 1962
    • Wanted to finish Engelbart’s work on hypertext, interactive video conferencing, multimedia displays
    Instead of finishing his work on the Memex, he ended up working on what would be called the Alto.
  • The Alto (1974)
    • First personal computer
    • High resolution graphic computer
    • First work station with a built in mouse
    http://ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/Shustek/ShustekTour-05.html http://www.parc.com/content/news/media-library/alto_children_9.5x7.5.jpg
  • Graphical User Interface http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/blampson/38-altosoftware/Backup/WebPage.html http://www.crestock.com/image/331242-flamenco-dancer.aspx
  • Laser Printer
    • Created by Gary Starkweather
    • His boss at Xerox once told him “You’re to stop playing around with that laser stuff” and threatened to fire him
    • Transferred to PARC to create the first prototype laser printer
    http://www.sfu.ca/sfunews/sfu_news/archives_2003/sfunews02060307.shtml http://ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/Shustek/ShustekTour-05.html http://www.whoateallthepies.tv/date/2008/02/page/3
  • The Fall of PARC
    • Failed to realize the potential of PARC’s innovations
    • Only successful launched product was the laser printer
    • Many researchers from PARC joined/ formed other corporations that marketed the products
    http://obamapacman.com/2010/03/myth-copyright-theft-apple-stole-gui-from-xerox-parc-alto/
  • PARC’s legacy
    • Created a standard for the computer industry
    • Today we use PARC’s contributions in everyday life
    • Very Large Scale Integration (VSLI) is the integration of circuits into a single chip
    • Integrated circuits are found in computers, cell phones, and other digital appliances
    http://www.parc.com/newsroom/media-library.html George Pake, the founder of PARC http://www.parc.com/about/people/57/scott-elrod.html Scott Elrod, current Interim CEO, Vice President and Director of Hardware Systems Laboratory
  • You + PARC =
    • Overlapping windows
    • Personal computer with mouse
    • Very Large Scale Integration (VSLI)
    • Superpaint (created Pixar)
    • Geometry Engine Chip (later created graphics like Jurassic Park)
    http://kaispace.wordpress.com/2010/10/11/15-directors-meme/
  • PARC Today
    • Incorporated as an independent research facility but still owned by Xerox
    • Still pioneering technological change but now across multiple industries and clients
    • “ We work … to invent, co-develop, and bring to market game-changing innovations by combining imagination, investigation, and return on investment for our clients”
    • -www.parc.com/about
    http://www.cultofmac.com/whats-next-for-the-ipad-a-tabletop-ipad-according-to-xerox-parc-circa-1991
  • Potential Bias Gaetano Borriello and Dick Lyon in 1981 http://ai.eecs.umich.edu/people/conway/Retrospective4.html
    • The book concentrated on interviews with Xerox PARC staff
    • Other individuals or companies in the field may recall events differently
    Sanjay Mittal, Mark Stefik, and Danny Bobrow in 1982 http://ai.eecs.umich.edu/people/conway/Retrospective4.html
  • Dealers of Lightning
    • Interesting way of approaching computer science as we know it today
    • Narratives and personal experiences added personality
    • The reader feels as though they were there
    • Full detail of PARC’s staff and their experiences
    • Unique insight to how computer science and technology became what it is today
    http://www.corbisimages.com/Enlargement/90009-115.html
  • Read this book
    • If you have an interest in technology or computer science
    • Especially if you work/ plan to work within the computer science field
    • If you are in LIS 201
    • Do not need any previous knowledge of computers or technology
    http://dreamalittledream.ca/10-travel-blogs-we-give-two-thumbs-up/ Very nice! http://tribewithted.mlblogs.com/archives/2009/09/
  • Revolutionary
    • Xerox PARC changed how computers are used today
    • Recreated the conceptions of computing, functionality of computers, and the future of computer science
    http://www.computerhistory.org/internet_history/internet_history_70s.html The cover of COMPUTER Magazine – September 1979