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Vespasian presentation

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  • Transcript

    • 1. VespasianBy: Toby Sandblom
    • 2. EARLY LIFE
    • 3. Early LifeBorn in Falacrina on November 17, 9 ADSon of T. Flavius Sabinus, a successful tax co"ector, andVespasia Po"aEducated by grandmother, Tertu"a, because parents wenton business trips for long periods of timeAssumed toga virilis in 25 AD
    • 4. Personal LifeMarried Flavia Domiti"a in 35 AD Had a daughter and two sons, Titus and Domitian, both who would become Roman emperorsA%er the early death of Flavia Domiti"a, Vespasianreturned to his former mistress, Caenis
    • 5. ACCESSION TO POWER
    • 6. Prior Political Positions Held many important positions that gave him political experience prior to becoming an emperor Was a tribune in Thrace, had a quaetorship in Crete, and served as an aedile and quaetor under Gaius’ reign
    • 7. Invasion of BritainSent by Claudius to command the legions during theRoman invasion of Britain in 43-47AD Won 30 battles, captured most of southern Britain, as we" as the Isle of WightThese successes led Vespasian to becoming a consul in51AD and a proconsul of Africa in 63AD
    • 8. The Great Jewish Revolt At age fi%y-eight in 67AD, Vespasian was sent to re- establish control in Judea and Jerusalem, where many Jewish revolts were taking place Successful once again
    • 9. Year of the Four Emperors A%er Nero’s death in 68AD, a year of civil wars ensued The Year of the Four Emperors - 69AD Galba assumed power a%er Nero’s death Galba murdered by Otho Otho murdered by Vite"ius A%er much fighting, Vespasian’s army defeated Vite"ius’ army in Rome on July 1, 69AD
    • 10. ACCOMPLISHMENTS AS AN EMPEROR 69AD-79AD
    • 11. Vespasian’s Return to Rome Leaving his son Titus to finish the capture of Jerusalem, Vespasian return to Rome in 70AD City and its government was sti" having to be restored to peace a%er the many civil wars during the year 69AD Goal was to restore peace in the Roman Empire
    • 12. Public WorksRebuilt the Capitol which was burned in a battle in 69Built a temple for Claudius on the Caelian Hi"Built a temple of peace near the ForumBuilt the Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater), which waslocated on the site of the lake of Nero’s Golden House Symbolized the act of moving +om Nero to Vespasian
    • 13. Territory GainedThe Roman Empire annexed northern England, W ales,Scotland, and southwestern Germany during hisemperorship
    • 14. Death andAssessment
    • 15. DeathDied peacefu"y on June 23, 79 ADTemple built in the Roman Forum to honor Vespasian’slife
    • 16. AssessmentLauded for his restoration of peace into the RomanEmpirePositive model for future emperors by keeping the strongRoman tradition in tact, yet sti" conquering new landsand further expanding the empire
    • 17. VESPASIAN’S PERSONA
    • 18. Personality/ViewsStrict military discipline, but a man who believedpeace was very important in a thriving civilizationKnown for his amiable manner with which he carriedhimselfAlso known for his inte"igence and wit, with whichhe used as a soldier and emperor
    • 19. IMAGES
    • 20. ROMAN AUTHORS’ VIEW ON VESPASIAN
    • 21. Authors’ ViewIn Roman literature, Vespasian is written to be a keyfigure in the shaping of the Roman empire Praised for restoration of peace in the region, and for building his many public works, such as the Colosseum
    • 22. THE END