Same sex violence2

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  • 1. Same-Sex Violence Christina Hernandez, Outreach & Awareness Coordinator, Jean Nidetch Womens Center
  • 2. Agenda Terms Types of Victimization Myths Statistics Personal stories Handout/ Resources
  • 3. Terms LGBTQQI  Lesbian  Gay  Bisexual  Transgender  Queer or questioning  Intersexed
  • 4. Term Transgender:  self-identifying term for someone whose gender identity or expression differs from traditional gender roles  also an umbrella term that refers to everyone who crosses gender roles in one way or another including transsexuals, drag queens/kings, etc http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=aOarssJWHhI •Gwen Araujo •Brandon Teena
  • 5. Term Queer  once used to negatively describe a gay man or woman  now used by the gay community as a positive or neutral descriptive of each other  embracing a word that was used to attack or degrade, the gay community has demagnetized the strength of the word, making it a common everyday term, lessening the effect of the word when used against them
  • 6. Term Homophobia:  First used in print in 1969 in Time Magazine. It was coined by a clinical psychologist, George Weinberg.  Irrational fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and queer people  Prejudice, discrimination, harassment and acts of violence  To discriminate is to label one group as “less good” or “less deserving”  Discriminatory practices target people who typically occupy devalued groups
  • 7. Homophobia…  Internalized homophobia  Often refuse to believe their own sexuality  Believes all the bad “what if’s”  Institutionalized homophobia  Systematic oppression forced to maintain the status quo
  • 8. Homophobia… Living with rejection or threat of rejection, can be detrimental to a person’s sense of well-being and connection  Maslow’s Basic Hierarchy of Human Needs  Love and Belongingness  We need to feel connected that we fit, that we are valued.  Because of perceived or real threat of rejection, a person may hide his or her sexual identity  What is the cost to their sense of self- esteem?
  • 9. Term Heterosexism:  assumption that everyone is, or should be, heterosexual  heterosexuality is the only normal, natural expression of sexuality  heterosexuality is superior and therefore preferable to being gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender or queer
  • 10. Everyday Occurrences Invisibility/Isolation Qualifiers Subject to gay jokes/degrading comments Presumption of heterosexuality Threats to “disown” by family Partner Exclusion Perceived danger to children Name calling Forced sexual acts (rape) to “make” them straight
  • 11. Relevance to sexual violenceprevention We cannot afford, nor would want, to alienate LGBTQI victims/survivors. Within the field of sexual violence prevention, heterosexism can serve to reinforce homophobia (be it societal or internalized).
  • 12. Types of Victimization Hate Crimes  Difficult at times to ascertain whether the crime was, in fact, motivated by the person’s sexual orientation.  14th Amendment: Every citizen has equal protection under the law
  • 13. Types of Victimization Sexual Violence  By stranger  By known individual  By significant other More judgment on the person’s sexual orientation than on the attacker Heterosexism is at work because it is typically a heterosexual model upon which findings are based.
  • 14. Types of Victimization Domestic Violence  Remember, DV is about power and control.  May be especially difficult for lesbian victim  Size does not matter  Verbal and emotional abuse can be compounded for the lesbian/gay/trans victim/ survivor  Threats to “out” the person  Threats to disclose HIV/AIDS status  Not “easier to leave”  Individuals may be more intertwined with each other’s lives  What happens in DV shelters?
  • 15. Myths vs. Facts Sexual assault &  Sexual assault & domestic violence do occur in LGBTQ domestic violence dont relationships occur in LGBTQ  Domestic violence occurs in relationships (denial) LGBTQ relationships as frequently and as severely as it does in heterosexual relationships  Level of trauma of sexual violence is not defined by whether or not the weapon was a penis  LGBTQ survivors also need support in healing  Some key dynamics of domestic violence are the same in all relationships (violence is about power & control, violence occurs in a cycle, violence escalates over time, etc.
  • 16. Myth 2 Sexual & domestic  There is nothing violence occurs in inherently unhealthy LGBTQ relationships about these relationships because there is  People do not abuse something inherently because they are LGBTQ (or heterosexual). People unhealthy with these abuse to have power & relationships control over another person.  LGBTQ people can have healthy relationships
  • 17. Myth 3 The bigger, more  Size, masculine or masculine masculinity/femininity and identified person is always gender identity are not the abusive partner in a causes of abuse and do domestic violence not determine who is the relationship abusive partner  Sexual and domestic violence does not occur in butch/femme relationships more frequently
  • 18. Myth 4 & 5 Sexual and domestic  In all relationships, both violence in LGBTQ partners can have relationships is "mutual" unhealthy behavior. But (both partners are in domestic violence abusive to each other) relationships, mutual abuse rarely happens. Its easier for an LGBTQ  The reasons why it is person to leave an difficult to leave an abusive relationship abusive relationship are similar for all abusive relationships. Homo/bi/transphobic & heterosexism also contribute to difficulties leaving an abusive relationship
  • 19. Myth 6 Sexual & domestic  Sexual & domestic violence occurs in LGBTQ violence does not occur in relationships that engage LGBTQ relationships that in SM play more engage in SM play more frequently frequently SM play is sexual and  SM play is consensual so domestic violence it is not abuse Children are never an  LGBTQ people have issue in LGBTQ children in their lives relationships
  • 20. Statistics Substantial lack of current research in this area Domestic violence occurs in LGBTQ relationships with the same severity and frequency as in heterosexual relationships  Consistent abuse occurs in as many as 1 in 3 relationships  At least one episode of abuse occurs in 1 in 2 relationships Lesbians are more likely to report sexual violence than gay men 1 in 2 transgender individuals have experienced sexual violence (FORGE)
  • 21. Unique considerations Threat of being “outed” when an LGBTQ person is abused Concerned about betraying the LGBTQ community when reporting Homophobia intersects with possible sexism and racism for LGBTQ victims/survivors Institutionalized homophobia affects the support services victims/survivors receive Shelters are often not available to men, while women may not feel safe if their abuser has access Victims of same-sex sexual violence are not necessarily LGBTQ Lack of knowledge about LGBTQ sexual violence affects victims/survivors, educators, and support services
  • 22. Resources/handout Community United Against Violence (CUAV)  24 hr crisis line: 415-333-HELP (4357) www.cuav.org Matthew’s Place  www.matthewshepard.org Trevor Helpline: 1-866-4-U-TREVOR GLBT National Youth Talkline: 1-800-246-PRIDE (7743) National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs  212-714-1184 www.ncavp.org FORGE: For Ourselves: Reworking Gender Expression  www.forge-forward.org
  • 23. Contact us at… Christina Hernandez,Outreach & Awareness Coordinator, JNWC christina.hernandez@unlv.edu or 895-0689