Kirsten McNemee ENG/491December 19, 2012 Julie Miller
Most people think of Emily Dickinson, Edward Allen Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne Very dark and gothic like literature is what most people think was the main type of writing during this time period. There were other types of literature at the time, which were not dark, but intuitive and helped people learn a different way to live called transcendalist. The primary authors of this type of writing were: Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau and Walt Whitman
Emily Dickinson’s primary type of writing was poetry. She created her own poetic license. Many people were inspired and intrigued by her writing, even though it was well after her time before she was popular, with the first collection of her poetry not being published until 1951.
Hawthorne authored many novels and short stories His most popular work is The Scarlet Letter with other well known literature, including Young Goodman Brown. The Scarlet Letter has been updated many times to reflect many different times throughout history Young Goodman Brown was one of the first and best tales of witchcraft.
Walt Whitman and Henry David Thoreau were both inspired by the writing and thoughts of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Walt Whitman mainly wrote poetry to reflect the way of life he thought people should aspire to. Henry David Thoreau used mainly metaphoric writing. Both authors were that of a philosophical sort.
Most popular work is Walden Walden Pond is one of the most popular and metaphoric pieces in Walden book. Walden Pond compares a pond to the depths of human society. Thoreau wrote in a philosophical way which made people think about the way they were living and encouraged them to live a different way. Helping fellow man and living a slower, more simple life were among his ideas.
Hawthorne and Dickinson were not the primary types of writers during the American Renaissance. Emerson, Whitman and Thoreau all were actually more popular during their time and all had a philosophical way of looking at life. There is a vast contrast between these types of writers.
Baym, N. (Ed.). (2008). The Norton anthology of American literature (Shorter 7th ed., Vol. 1). New York, NY: W. W. Norton.